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The conviction rate of a prosecutor or government is the number of convictions divided by the number of criminal cases brought.
In Japan, the criminal justice system has a conviction rate that exceeds 99% (Note that it includes guilty plea cases.), which has been attributed to low prosecutorial budgets impelling understaffed prosecutors to present judges with only the most obviously guilty defendants.
In the United States, the federal court system, the conviction rose from approximately 75 percent to approximately 85% between 1972 and 1992. For 2012, the US Department of Justice reported a 93% conviction rate. The conviction rate is also high in U.S. state courts. Coughlan writes, "In recent years, the conviction rate has averaged approximately 84% in Texas, 82% in California, 72% in New York, 67% in North Carolina, and 59% in Florida."
- Hideki Igeta (Jan 2001), Conviction Rate in the U.S. is 99%? (Amerika no yuzairitsu wa 99%?), 1044, Hanrei Taimuzu, pp. 54–59
- J. Mark Ramseyer and Eric B. Rasmusen (Jan 2001), Why Is the Japanese Conviction Rate so High?, 30 (1), The Journal of Legal Studies, pp. 53–88
- "FA defends its discipline system". BBC News.
- Sara Sun Beale, Federalizing Crime: Assessing the Impact on the Federal Courts, 543, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
- "United States Attorneys' Annual Statistical Report for Fiscal Year 2012" (PDF). United States Department of Justice. Retrieved 2014-10-28.
- Peter J. Coughlan (Jun 2000), In Defense of Unanimous Jury Verdicts: Mistrials, Communication, and Strategic Voting, 94 (2), The American Political Science Review, pp. 375–393
- Countries compared by crime > Convictions
- Crime and Justice in the United States and in England and Wales, 1981-96, Bureau of Justice Statistics
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