|Frederick Conway Tearle|
Picture of Tearle in The Photo-Play Journal (April 1917)
|Born||Frederick Conway Levy
May 17, 1878
New York, New York, United States
|Died||October 1, 1938
Hollywood, California, United States
|Occupation||Stage and screen actor|
Frederick Conway Levy was born on May 17, 1878 in New York City, the son of the well-known British-born cornetist Jules Levy (1838-1903) and American actress Marianne “Minnie” Conway (1852-1896). Tearle also had a sister, and a half-brother, musician Jules Levy, Jr., from his father's previous marriage. Minnie's mother was stage actress Sarah Crocker Conway. Minnie Conway was a direct descendant of William Augustus Conway, a British Shakespearian actor who became popular in America during the 1820s. Her father, the proprietor of the Brooklyn Theatre, was said to have organized the first stock company in America. After Tearle’s parents divorced, his mother married Osmond Tearle (1852-1901), a British Shakespearian actor popular in “the provinces”. Two half brothers Godfrey and Malcolm Tearle were born from Marianne's marriage to Osmond Tearle.
Conway Levy was educated in England and America and took to the stage at an early age. By the age of ten he could recite twelve Shakespearean plays from memory. As an adult he adopted his step-father's surname to become Conway Tearle. His big break came at the age of twenty-one when in Manchester, England, without any preparation, he was called upon to play Hamlet after the lead actor took ill just prior to the first act.
Tearle's performance that night led to his first appearance on the London stage playing the Viscomte de Chauvin, the lead role in The Queen's Double, on April 27, 1901 at the Garrick Theatre. He next toured Australia playing the title role in Ben Hur for some months before returning to London to star in the play The Best of Friends at the Theatre Royal. Tearle divided the following four seasons equally with companies headed by Ellen Terry and Sir Charles Wyndham.
In 1905 Tearle returned to America to play opposite Grace George in the short-lived play Abigail. Over the next eight years or so Tearle played in a number of Broadway productions that failed to excite New York audiences. He did at times though garner singular praise for his performances in such plays as The New York Idea, The Liars, Major Barbara, and others. In 1908/09 Tearle reprised his title role in a lavish Klaw and Erlinger road production of Ben Hur.
Tearle turned to Hollywood in 1914 where he would find considerable success playing romantic leads. His first film was The Nightingale, a story by Augustus Thomas about a slum girl (Ethel Barrymore) who rose to be a great opera star. His last was in a 1936 film adaptation of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet with John Barrymore. Tearle appeared in some 93 films over his career and at one point was thought to be the highest paid actor in America. On December 16, 1931, Conway appeared with co-star Kay Francis at the grand opening of the Paramount Theater in Oakland, California, which hosted the premiere of their film The False Madonna, released by Paramount Pictures.
The following year Tearle scored a major hit on Broadway in the original 1932 production of Dinner at Eight, creating the role of fading screen idol Larry Renault, a role that would later be played on film by John Barrymore. His last two Broadway appearances were in short productions of Living Dangerously in 1935 and Antony and Cleopatra two years later.
Conway Tearle married for the first time in 1901 in Sunderland, England. In 1908 Tearle filed for a divorce in Reno, Nevada on grounds of desertion, stating that his wife, Gertrude Tearle, had left him several years earlier.
His second wife, actress Josephine Park, sued for divorce In March, 1912 after learning that Tearle had set sail for Italy aboard the S.S. Amerika with actress Roberta Hill. Roberta’s name had earlier appeared in print as a co-respondent in a divorce suit filed by the wife of John Jacob Astor.
Tearle’s third wife, Roberta Hill, filed for a divorce in 1917 after detectives she hired found him in a hotel room with Adele Rowland, a musical comedy actress and dancer. The two claimed they were just rehearsing a play. As Rowland explained later: “As to the robe in which I was clad, it's the custom in the profession to read plays attired like that.”
The following February Tearle and Rowland wed, remaining together until his death some twenty years later. Adele Rowland was the former wife of actor Charles Ruggles and was well known at the time for introducing to America the song “Pack Up Your Troubles In Your Old Kit Bag And Smile, Smile, Smile,” which she sang in the 1915 musical Her Soldier Boy. Adele Rowland was born in Washington D.C. on July 10, 1883 and died in Los Angeles on August 8, 1971.
One of Tearle's last starring roles was in Hey Diddle Diddle, a comedy play written by Bartlett Cormack. The play premiered in Princeton, New Jersey on January 21, 1937 and also featured Lucille Ball playing the part of Julie Tucker, "one of three roommates coping with neurotic directors, confused executives, and grasping stars who interfere with the girls' ability to get ahead." The play received good reviews, but there were problems, chiefly with its star, because Tearle was in poor health. Cormack wanted to replace him, but the producer, Anne Nichols, said the fault lay with the character and insisted the part needed to be reshaped and rewritten. The two were unable to agree on a solution. The play was scheduled to open on Broadway at the Vanderbilt Theatre, but closed after one week in Washington, D.C. due in part to Tearle's declining health.
- The Seven Sisters (1915)
- Stella Maris (1918)
- Her Game (1919)
- A Virtuous Vamp (1919)
- Human Desire (1919)
- She Loves and Lies (1920)
- Marooned Hearts (1920)
- Bella Donna (1923)
- Black Oxen (1923)
- Ashes of Vengeance (1923)
- The Dangerous Maid (1923)
- The Next Corner (1924)
- Just a Woman (1925)
- The Mystic (1925)
- The Dancer of Paris (1926)
- The Greater Glory (1926)
- Altars of Desire (1927)
- The Isle of Forgotten Women (1927)
- Enemies of Society (1927)
- Gold Diggers of Broadway (1929)
- Evidence (1929)
- The Lost Zeppelin (1929)
- Morals for Women (1931)
- The Lady Who Dared (1931)
- The Hurricane Express (1932)
- Vanity Fair (1932)
- The King Murder (1932)
- Her Mad Night (1932)
- Day of Reckoning (1933)
- Stingaree (1934)
- The Headline Woman (1935)
- Romeo and Juliet (1936)
- The Preview Murder Mystery (1936)
- "Conway Tearle, 60, Dies On The Coast. Stage and Screen Actor Is the Victim of Heart Attack. Ill Only a Few Weeks. Made his Debut in 1892. His Last Film Appearance Was in "Romeo and Juliet". A Native of New York Career on Stage and Screen Once Highest Paid Film Actor". New York Times. October 2, 1938. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
Conway Tearle, aged 60, stage and screen actor, died of a heart ailment in a hospital tonight. He had been ill for two weeks. After appearances on London and New York stages, Mr. Tearle entered motion pictures in 1914 and achieved stardom. ...
- Ancestry.ca:Marianne "Minnie" Conway Retrieved September 4, 2014
- Death of Jules Levy - The Washington Post November 29, 1903 (obituary section)
- Conway Tearle Dies in Hollywood Age 60 - The Hartford, Courant - 3 Oct 1938 (obituaries)
- The Scrap Book: Volume 4, Part 1 1907 - Page 276
- The Story Of Conway Tearle - New York Times February 27, 1916; pg. X7
- Ben Hur Spectacle - The Fort Wayne News 28 Mar 1908
- The Green book magazine, Volume 12 1914 – pg. 826
- Annual for the Theatre Historical Society Issues 13-20 1986 pg. 7
- Reno Evening Gazette 5 Nov 1908 pg. 1
- Reno Evening Gazette January 7, 1909 pg.2
- Mrs. Tearle Seeks Divorce - The New York Times March 1912, pg. 4
- The Oakland Tribune – March 19, 1912 pg. 12
- Mrs. Tearle Asks For Divorce – The New York Times - June 20, 1917 pg. 6
- Conway Tearle 60, Veteran Stage and Screen Star Dies - The Chicago Tribune – October 2, 1938 (obituary section)
- Adele Rowland Weds Ex-Alcazar Actor - The Oakland Tribune – March 10, 1914 pg. 9
- Who Sang what on Broadway, 1866-1996: The singers (L-Z) Ruth Benjamin, Arthur Rosenblatt - 2006 pg. 660
- Brady, Kathleen (2001), Lucille: the Life of Lucille Ball, New York, New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, p. 73-74, ISBN 0-8230-8913-4
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