Cooch Behar State Railway

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Cooch Behar State Railway
Area served
Koch Bihar
ServicesRail transport

Cooch Behar State Railway (CBSR) was a 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge railway from Jayanti to Lalmonirhat in the Indian state of West Bengal.


Nripendra Narayan, the Maharaja of Cooch Behar, established Cooch Behar State Railway in 1893-98.[1] After some deliberations and discussions with the British authorities about their plans, it was decided in 1891-92 to build a 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) wide narrow gauge railway from the southern bank of the Torsa opposite Cooch Behar town to Gitaldaha, a station on the tracks of Eastern Bengal Railway connecting Dhubri with Lalmonirhat, now in Bangladesh. The line was constructed with the following stations: Torsa, Dewanhat, Chawrahat, Gitaldaha and Gitaldaha Ghat. It was opened for goods traffic from 15 September 1893 and for passenger traffic from 1 March 1894.[1] Cooch Behar town was connected after a bridge was built on the Torsa and the line was extended to Alipurduar, Buxa and Jainti near the India-Bhutan border. The complete line measuring 53.5 miles was opened in 1901. It was converted to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) wide metre gauge in 1910. The railway system was operated by Eastern Bengal Railway.[1][2][3] In 1932, only two trains ran on the route – one in the morning and the other in the evening.[1] In early 1950s, the system was amalgamated with Indian Railways as a part of North Eastern Railway (now North East Frontier Railway).[4]

Conversion to broad gauge[edit]

The line was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge in 2007.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d "The Cooch Behar State Railways (1903)". "The Cooch Behar state and its land revenue settlements" by H. N. Chaudhuri, Cooch Behar State Press, 1903 – Review by R Sivaramakrishnan. IRFCA. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Cooch Behar Railway". fibis. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  3. ^ "IR History: Part III (1900-1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  4. ^ Banerjee, Ajai. "Zonal Reorganization of IR Since Independence". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  5. ^ Srivastava, V.P. "Role of Engineering Deptt in Meeting Corporate Objectives of Indian Railways" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2013.