Coogan's Bluff is a promontory near the western shore of the Harlem River in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Upper Manhattan in New York City. Its boundaries extend approximately from 155th Street and the Macombs Dam Bridge viaduct to 160th Street, between Edgecombe Avenue and the river. A deep escarpment descends 175 feet from Edgecombe Avenue to the river, creating a sheltered area between the bluff and river known as Coogan's Hollow. For 73 years, the hollow was home to the Polo Grounds sports stadium.
The promontory is named for James J. Coogan (1845–1915), a real estate developer and one-term Manhattan Borough President, who owned the land during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The earliest known published reference to "Coogan's Bluff" appeared in The New York Times in 1893.
From 1890 until 1963, the bluff overlooked the Polo Grounds, a professional sports venue that served as home field for Major League Baseball's New York Giants from 1891 until the franchise's move to San Francisco at the end of the 1957 season. Sportswriters commonly used Coogan's Bluff as a sobriquet for the Polo Grounds—as Chavez Ravine now refers to Dodger Stadium and China Basin to Oracle Park—although the ballpark was actually situated in Coogan's Hollow, the bottomland between the bluff and the river.
The Bushman Steps, located just west of Coogan's Bluff in Sugar Hill/Hamilton Heights, led from the 155th Street subway station to the Polo Grounds ticket booths; the John T. Brush Stairway, on West 157th Street between St Nicholas Avenue and Edgecombe Avenue, then carried fans the rest of the way down to the stadium. The two stairways are the only intact structures that remain from the Polo Grounds era. The Brush Stairway was named in honor of the owner of the Giants franchise from 1890 until his death in 1912. The identity of the Bushman Steps' namesake has apparently been lost.
The 15.15-acre (6.13 ha) hollow, bordered by Frederick Douglass Boulevard, West 155th Street and Harlem River Drive, is currently home to the Polo Grounds Towers housing complex: four 30-story buildings containing a total of 1,616 apartments. The complex was completed on June 30, 1968, and is run by the New York City Housing Authority. Attached to Tower #2 is the Polo Grounds Community Center, run by Children's Village, which hosts such programs as the Polo Grounds Youth Conference. A plaque on the property marks the approximate location of home plate within the demolished ballpark.
Nearby points of interest
The Morris-Jumel Mansion, the oldest house in Manhattan still standing (built in 1765 and now a museum) is located nearby, in Washington Heights. South of 155th Street, Coogan's Bluff becomes a smaller cliff within Jackie Robinson Park.
- Pollak, Michael (April 25, 2004). "F.Y.I." The New York Times. Retrieved October 25, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "The Orange Above the Blue". The New York Times. December 1, 1893. p. 1. Retrieved October 25, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- * John T. Brush Stairway at Coogan's Bluff
- "Miller's Homer Beats Phillies". The New York Times. July 9, 1913. p. 8. Retrieved October 23, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Williams, Timothy (February 19, 2008). "A Stairway to Sports History From the Polo Grounds". The New York Times. Retrieved October 23, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- NYC Parks Bushman Steps Highlights
- "Polo Grounds Towers". New York City Housing Authority. Archived from the original on March 23, 2010. Retrieved October 23, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Polo Ground's Youth Conference" Archived March 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Children's Village. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
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