Forest Preserve District of Cook County
|Headquarters||River Forest, Illinois|
|Cook County Board of Commissioners|
The Forest Preserve District of Cook County is a governmental commission in Cook County, Illinois, that owns and manages a network of open spaces, containing forest, prairie, wetland, streams, and lakes, that are mostly set aside as natural areas. Cook County contains Chicago, and is the center of the most densely populated urban metropolitan area in the Midwest. The Forest Preserve lands encompass approximately 70,000 acres (280 km2), about 11% of the county, providing open space within its urban surroundings. It contains facilities for recreation, as well as a zoo and a botanic garden.
Most often being left more in their natural state, the Forest Preserves have a different purpose from urban parks; also they generally do not contain organized recreational facilities such as tennis courts or softball diamonds. They do contain hiking, bicycling, and riding trails, as well as facilities for nature and group activities, and they are heavily used for picnicking. They are administered by the Forest Preserve District of Cook County, a special taxation district that crosses municipal boundaries. The districts headquarters is located in River Forest near Harlem Avenue and Lake Street.
While the Forest Preserve District as a unit of government and municipal corporation is legally separate from Cook County, the latter's board of commissioners, the county board's president, commissioners and clerk hold the same offices ex officio concurrently, making up the Forest Preserve District Board of Commissioners.
In 1905, at the instigation of the Cook County Board of Commissioners and private nature groups partly guided by prominent landscape architect Jens Jensen, Illinois adopted a forest preserve act. However defects in the law caused it to be declared inoperable. The Forest Preserve District Association was formed in 1911 and a new state law was adopted, however, the courts declared the 1911 law unconstitutional. Finally in 1913, the State adopted a Forest Preserve Act that survived legal challenge. The 1913 law allowed a county board:
To acquire… and hold lands… containing one or more natural forests or lands connecting such forests or parts thereof, for the purpose of protecting and preserving the flora, fauna and scenic beauties within such district, and to restore, restock, protect, and preserve the natural forests and said lands together with their flora and fauna, as nearly as may be, in their natural state and condition, for the purpose of the education, pleasure, and recreation of the public.
A Cook County referendum required by the 1913 law was passed by voters in 1914, establishing the Forest Preserve District of Cook County, and the first Board meeting was held in February 1915.
In addition to owning and managing tens of thousands of acres of forest, meadow, and wetlands, both the Brookfield Zoo (managed by agreement with the Chicago Zoological Society) and the Chicago Botanic Gardens (managed by the Chicago Horticultural Society) are located on district land. The Forest Preserve District also maintains eleven public golf courses. There are six nature centers used for programming and education, five campgrounds, and three swimming centers. In 2016, a tree-top zipline course was opened in west Cook County's Bemis Woods.
The Ned Brown Forest Preserve contains Busse Woods, a National Natural Landmark. The District also administers the Chicago Portage National Historic Site. In addition, the District's Red Gate Woods was the war-time home of the Manhattan Project's first nuclear facility.
Biologists with the district monitor the health of area wild life, lands, and water. This includes monitoring such populations as the number of fish in area rivers, and the return in the 21st century after a century of absence of such apex predators as the river otter. Twenty-two sections of district land, which contain high quality conservation resources, have been designated as Illinois Nature Preserves allowing greater management and protection.
The International Dark-Sky Association (IDA) conservation program designated the Forest District's Palos Preserves an Urban Night Sky Place. After review, the IDA determined that within the context of its substantial urban setting, the preserve's "planning and design actively promote an authentic nighttime experience in the midst of significant artificial light."
There are thirteen trail systems within the preserve district, they are the:
- Arie Crown Forest trail system
- Burnham Greenway trail system
- Busse Woods bicycle trail
- Centennial and I&M Canal trail system
- Deer Grove trail system
- Des Plaines River Trail system
- North Branch Trail system
- Palos Trail system
- Poplar Creek trail system
- Sag Valley trail system
- Salt Creek trail system
- Thorn Creek trail system
- Tinley Creek trail system
Facilities by region
Region 1: Northwest Cook County
Poplar Creek Division
Includes: Spring Lake Preserve, Crabtree Preserve, Arthur L. Janura Preserve
Activity Areas · Barrington Road Pond · Beverly Lake · Bluff Springs Fen · Bode East · Bode Lake · Crabtree Nature Center · Great Egret Family Picnic Area · Old Stover Trailhead · Penny Road Pond · Poplar Creek Bicycle Lot · Poplar Creek Equestrian Parking · Poplar Creek Model Airplane Flying Field · Shoe Factory Road Woods · Spring Creek Valley Headwaters · Spring Lake Nature Preserve
Trail Systems · Crabtree Preserve (Paved) · Poplar Creek (Paved) · Poplar Creek (Unpaved) · Spring Lake (Unpaved)
Region 2: Northwest Cook County
Includes: Deer Grove Preserve, Jens Jensen Preserve, Paul Douglas Preserve, Ned Brown Preserve
Activity Areas · Baker's Lake Overlook · Baker's Lake Younghusband Prairie · Busse Forest-Central · Busse Forest-North · Busse Forest-South · Busse Forest-West · Busse Forest Elk Pasture · Busse Forest Main Dam · Busse Lake Beisner Road Access · Busse Lake Boating Center · Camp Alphonse · Camp Reinberg · Deer Grove · Deer Grove-East · Deer Grove-West · Deer Grove Lake · Grassy Ridge Meadow · Highland Woods Driving Range · Highland Woods Golf Course · Ned Brown Meadow · Woodland Meadow
Trail Systems · Busse Forest (Paved) · Deer Grove (Paved) · Deer Grove (Unpaved) · Paul Douglas (Paved)
Region 3: North Cook County
Indian Boundary Division, Des Plaines Division
Includes: Seymour Simon Preserve
Activity Areas · Allison Woods · Axehead Lake · Beck Lake · Belleau Lake · Big Bend Lake · Blandings Grove Family Picnic Area · Blue Beach Family Picnic Area · Camp Baden Powell · Camp Dan Beard · Camp Ground Road Woods · Camp Pine Woods · Catherine Chevalier Woods · Che-Che-Pin-Qua Woods · Chippewa Woods · Dam No. 1 Woods-East · Dam No. 1 Woods-West · Dam No. 2 Woods · Dam No. 4 Woods-East · Evans Field · Fullerton Woods · Fullerton Woods Family Picnic Area · Harry H. Semrow Driving Range · Indian Boundary Family Picnic Area · Indian Boundary Golf Course · Iroquois Woods · Irving Park Road Canoe Landing · Jerome Huppert Woods · John E. Traeger Family Picnic Area · Kloempken Prairie · Lake Avenue Woods-East · Lake Avenue Woods-West · Lions Woods · Massasauga Family Picnic Area · Northwestern Woods · Potawatomi Lake · Potawatomi Woods · River Bend Family Picnic Area · River Trail Nature Center · Robinson Homestead Family Picnic Area · Robinson Woods-South · Schiller Model Airplane Flying Field · Schiller Playfield · Schiller Pond · Schiller Woods-East · Schiller Woods-South · Schiller Woods-West · Sunset Bridge Meadow
Trail System · Des Plaines (Unpaved)
Region 4: North Cook County
North Branch Division, Skokie Division
Includes: William N. Erickson Preserves, George F. Nixon Forest, Frank Bobrytzke Forest, Clayton F. Smith Preserves, Roman Pucinski Preserve
Activity Areas · Billy Caldwell Golf Course · Blue Star Memorial Woods · Bunker Hill · Caldwell Woods · Calvin R. Sutker Grove · Camp Adahi · Camp Glenview · Chick Evans Golf Course · Chipilly Woods · Edgebrook Golf Course · Edgebrook Woods · Erickson Woods · Forest Glen Woods · Forest Way Grove · Glen Grove Equestrian Center · Glenview Woods · Harms Woods-Central · Harms Woods-North · Harms Woods-South · Irene C. Hernandez Family Picnic Area · LaBagh Woods · Linne Woods · Little House of Glencoe · Mary Mix McDonald Woods · Mathew Bieszczat–Volunteer Resource Center · Miami Woods · Perkins Woods · St. Paul Woods · Sidney Yates Flatwoods · Skokie Lagoons · Somme Nature Preserve · Somme Prairie Grove · Somme Woods · Thaddeus S. “Ted” Lechowicz Woods · Tower Road · Tower Road Boat Launch · Turnbull Woods · Watersmeet Woods · Wayside Woods · Whealan Pool Aquatic Center
Special Activity Site · Chicago Botanic Garden
Trail Systems · North Branch (Paved) · North Branch (Unpaved)
Region 5: West Cook County
Salt Creek Division
Activity Areas · Andrew Toman Grove · Bemis Woods-North · Bemis Woods-South · Brezina Woods · Brookfield Woods · Callahan Grove · Cermak Family Aquatic Center · Cermak Quarry · Cermak Woods · Cummings Square (General Headquarters) · G.A.R. Woods · Hal Tyrrell Trailside Museum · LaGrange Park Woods · Maywood Grove · McCormick Woods · Meadowlark Golf Course · Miller Meadow-North · Miller Meadow-South · National Grove-North · National Grove-South · Ottawa Trail Woods-North · Ottawa Trail Woods-South · Plank Road Meadow Boat Launch · Possum Hollow Woods · Quercus Woods Family Picnic Area · Salt Creek Woods · Schuth's Grove · Silver Creek Family Picnic Area · Stony Ford Canoe Landing · Thatcher Woods · Thatcher Woods Glen · Thomas Jefferson Woods · Twenty-Sixth Street Woods-East · Twenty-Sixth Street Woods-West · Westchester Woods · White Eagle Woods-North · White Eagle Woods-South · Wolf Road Prairie · Zoo Woods
Trail Systems · Salt Creek (Paved) · Salt Creek (Unpaved) · Salt Creek Greenway (Paved)
Special Activity Sites · Brookfield Zoo · Chicago Portage National Historic Site
Region 6: Southwest Cook County
Salt Creek Division, Palos Division
Includes: Palos Preserves
Activity Areas · Arie Crown Forest · Belly Deep Slough · Buffalo Woods-Central · Buffalo Woods Family Picnic Area · Buffalo Woods-North · Buffalo Woods-South · Bullfrog Lake · Camp Kiwanis Equestrian Staging Area · Columbia Woods · Country Lane Woods · Cranberry Slough · Crawdad Slough · Crooked Creek Woods · Dan McMahon Woods · Henry De Tonty Woods · Hickory Hills Woods · Hidden Pond Woods-East · Hidden Pond Woods-West · Joe's Pond · John Husar I&M Canal–Bicycle Trail Parking Lot · Lake Ida · Little Red Schoolhouse Nature Center · Maple Lake Boating Center · Maple Lake-East · Maple Lake · Maple Lake Overlook · Morrill Meadow · Palos Fen · Paw Paw Woods · Pioneer Woods · Pulaski Woods · Pulaski Woods-East · Pulaski Woods-South–Mountain Bike Staging Area · Red Gate Woods · Saganashkee Slough-Central · Saganashkee Slough-East · Saganashkee Slough Boat Launch · Spears Woods · Sundown Meadow · Theodore Stone Forest · Tuma Lake · White Oak Woods · Willow Springs Woods · Wolf Road Woods
Trail Systems · Arie Crown (Unpaved) · Centennial (Unpaved) · John Husar I&M Canal (Paved) · Palos (Unpaved)
Region 7: Southwest Cook County
Sag Valley Division
Includes: Black Partridge Preserve, Cap Sauer's Preserve, John J. Duffy Preserve, Edward M. Sneed Forest
Activity Areas · Bergman Slough · Black Partridge Woods · Cap Sauers Holding · Cherry Hill Woods · Forty Acre Woods · Horsetail Lake · McGinnis Slough · McClaughrey Spring Woods · Orland Grassland · Orland Grove · Paddock Woods · Palos Park Woods-North · Palos Park Woods-South · Papoose Lake · Sag Quarries · Sagawau Environmental Learning Center · Southland Volunteer Resource Center · Swallow Cliff Woods-North · Swallow Cliff Woods-South · Tampier Greenway Family Picnic Area · Tampier Lake Boating Center · Tampier Lake-North · Tampier Lake-West · Teason's Woods
Trail Systems · Centennial (Unpaved) · Sag Valley (Unpaved)
Region 8: South Cook County
Tinley Creek Division
Includes: South Green Belt Preserve
Activity Areas · Arrowhead Lake · Bachelor's Grove Woods · Bartel Grassland · Bobolink Family Picnic Area · Bremen Grove · Bur Oak Woods · Camp Falcon · Camp Sullivan · Carlson Springs Woods · Catalina Grove Family Picnic Area · Coopers Hawk Grove Family Picnic Area · Elizabeth A. Conkey Forest-North · Elizabeth A. Conkey Forest-South · Flossmoor Road Bicycle Lot · George W. Dunne National Driving Range · George W. Dunne National Golf Course · Goeselville Grove Family Picnic Area · Midlothian Meadows · Midlothian Reservoir · Rubio Woods · St. Mihiel Woods-East · Tinley Creek Model Airplane Flying Field · Tinley Creek Woods · Turtlehead Lake · Vollmer Road Grove · Yankee Woods
Trail Systems · Tinley Creek (Paved) · Tinley Creek (Unpaved)
Region 9: Southeast Cook County
Calumet Division, Thorn Creek Division
Includes: Plum Creek Preserve
Activity Areas · Beaubien Woods · Beaubien Woods Boat Launch · Brownell Woods · Burnham Prairie Nature Preserve · Burnham Woods Golf Course · Calumet City Playfield · Calumet City Prairie · Calumet Woods · Clayhole Woods · Dan Ryan Woods-91st Street · Dan Ryan Woods-Central · Dan Ryan Woods-East · Dan Ryan Woods-North · Dan Ryan Woods-South · Dan Ryan Woods-West · Dixmoor Playfield · Eggers Grove · Flatfoot Lake · Glenwood Woods-North · Glenwood Woods-South · Green Lake Family Aquatic Center · Green Lake Woods · Indian Hill Woods · Joe Louis “The Champ” Golf Course · Joe Orr Woods · Jurgensen Woods · Kickapoo Woods · King's Grove · Lansing Woods · Little Calumet Boat Launch · Michael J. O’Malley Preserve · North Creek Meadow · Plum Creek Play Meadow · Powderhorn Lake · River Oaks Golf Course · Sand Ridge Nature Center · Sand Ridge Prairie Nature Preserve · Sauk Lake · Sauk Trail Woods-Central · Sauk Trail Woods-East · Sauk Trail Woods-North · Sauk Trail Woods-South · Schubert's Woods · Shabbona Woods · Sweet Woods · Thorn Creek Model Airplane Flying Field · Thornton-Lansing Road–Nature Preserve (Zander Woods) · Wampum Lake · Wentworth Prairie · Whistler Woods · Woodrow Wilson Woods
Trail Systems · Burnham Greenway (Paved) · Major Taylor (Paved) · Plum Creek (Unpaved) · Thorn Creek (Paved) · Thorn Creek (Unpaved)
- Chicago Portage National Historic Site
- Illinois Nature Preserves
- Red Gate Woods
- North Creek Woods
- Sauk Trail Woods
- "Our Ecosystems". Forest Preserves of Cook County. February 28, 2020. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
- Maloney, Cathy Jean (September 2008). Chicago Gardens. google.com. ISBN 9780226502366. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Bruce Ingram, "Gorton Center celebrates career of Jens Jensen", Glenview Announcements (April 5, 2018) p. 14
- "History". Forest Preserves of Cook County. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- "Nature Centers". Forest Preserves of Cook County. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- "Camping Near Chicago Area - Forest Preserves of Cook County Camping". Forest Preserves of Cook County. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- "Swimming - Forest Preserves of Cook County". Forest Preserves of Cook County. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Garcia, Evan. "Zip Line and Treetop Obstacle Course Opens in Cook County". wttw.com. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- Vickroy, Donna (November 15, 2015). "Biologists track otter's return to Cook County". Chicago Tribune. Section 1. p. 16.CS1 maint: location (link)
- "Illinois Nature Preserves". Forest Preserves of Cook County. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- "Urban Night Sky Places". International Dark-Sky Association. Retrieved 2021-11-20.
- Forest Preserve District of Cook County - Official Website
- Forest Preserve Map
- Forest Preserve Golf
- Cook County Forest Preserve Photographs - digital images from the UIC Library collections