|No. of teams||2|
|Most recent champion(s)||England|
The Cook Cup is a rugby union trophy that is contested between Australia and England. The cup was established in 1997 when the Wallabies and England contracted to play each other bi-annually for a decade, playing matches on a home and away basis. Since the first two years the format has only been adhered to once (in 2004). Most years there is only one match and World Cup matches are not counted. The cup is named after Captain James Cook, representing a strong English-Australian connection. The cup, which was designed by Royal Doulton in London, is made from crystal.
The first test between England and Australia was played on 9 January in 1909 at Blackheath's Rectory Field in England The Wallabies won the match 9–3. The two nations next met in 1928, at Twickenham, and England won 18–11. Twenty years passed and England and Australia met again at Twickenham in 1948, with Australia winning the affair 11–0. It would then be another decade until the two nations played another test against one another. In 1958, they met again at Twickenham, and England won 9–6.
England and Australia played each other twice during the 1960s, with the first match in Australia in 1963. The Wallabies defeated England 18–9 at Sydney's Sports Ground, and again in 1967 by 11–23 at Twickenham. The nations played each other another four times during the 1970s; with the home team always victorious. England won 20–3 at Twickenham in 1973, Australia won both of the 1975 tour matches 16–9 at the Sydney Cricket Ground and 30–21 at Ballymore Stadium, Brisbane, then England won 23–6 in 1976 at Twickenham.
The two nations would meet six times during the 1980s, the first encounter being in 1982, with England defeating Australia 15–11 at Twickenham. Two years later the Wallabies broke the trend when the magnificent Grand Slam team of 1984 won away from home at Twickenham by 19–3. They were drawn against each other in the 1987 World Cup at Sydney's Concord Oval, with Australia winning 19–6. The nations played 3 times in 1988, with Australia winning at home 22–16 at Ballymore and 28–8 at Concord Oval, and England winning 28–19 at Twickenham.
The sides met three times during the 1990s before the Cook Cup was introduced. The first match was in 1991 at the Sydney Cricket Ground, and Australia won 40–15. A second match was played that year at Twickenham, where the Wallabies won the final of the 1991 Rugby World Cup by 12–6. The last pre-Cook Cup match was a part of the 1995 Rugby World Cup in South Africa, and was played at Newlands Stadium in Cape Town. England dramatically won 25–22 with the last kick of the match.
Cook Cup period history
The first Cook Cup match was played at Sydney's Stadium Australia on 25 June 1997. Australia won the match 25–6. The series was decided through two tests, and since the second match at Twickenham resulted in a 15–all draw, Australia were crowned champions.
In 1998 Australia ran out record 76–0 winners at Lang Park in Brisbane playing a severely depleted England side. The Wallabies were captained by John Eales and scored 11 tries. The subsequent meeting at Twickenham saw England lose by just one point, 12–11. Next year Australia again defeated England 22–15 at Stadium Australia.
For the next four years, the Cook Cup went to England for the first time, each time decided in a single match. From 2000 to 2002, England won at home 22–19, 21–15 and 32–31.
They won again by 25-14 at Melbourne's Telstra Dome before the two nations met in what was one of their most famous encounters, at the 2003 Rugby World Cup Final. Jonny Wilkinson landed a drop goal in extra time that saw England win the Rugby World Cup by 20–17.
The 2004 Cook Cup was contested over two matches, Australia winning home and away, by 51–15 at Brisbane and 21–19 at Twickenham. England won the cup back in 2005 by 26–16 at Twickenham. In 2006 two games were played in Australia where the Cup changed hands again.
After the 10-year period ended, no match was played in 2007 owing to the 2007 Rugby World Cup. In 2008 Australia retained the Cook Cup in a single match at Twickenham winning 28–14 during the Autumn Test matches. They repeated the result in 2009 by 19–8 at Twickenham. There were 3 matches in 2010 with England winning the decider at Twickenham after tying the Australian fixtures one apiece. No match was scheduled for World Cup year 2011.
England regained the cup in 2013 with a 20–13 win at Twickenham.
|Details||Played||Won by Australia||Won by England||Drawn||Australia points||England points|
|Wikinews has related news: Cook Cup|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cook Cup.|
- Cook Cup on rugby.com.au