Cook Ice Cap

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Not to be confused with Cook Glacier (South Georgia) or Cooke Glacier.
Cook Ice Cap
Calotte Glaciaire Cook
Glacier Cook ISS035.JPG
Aerial view of the ice cap.
Map showing the location of Cook Ice Cap
Map showing the location of Cook Ice Cap
Type Ice cap
Coordinates 49°18′50″S 69°02′29″E / 49.31389°S 69.04139°E / -49.31389; 69.04139Coordinates: 49°18′50″S 69°02′29″E / 49.31389°S 69.04139°E / -49.31389; 69.04139
Area 400 km2 (150 sq mi)
Length 28 kilometres (17 mi)
Thickness 400 m (1,300 ft) average
Terminus Outlet glaciers
Status Retreating

The Cook Ice Cap or Cook Glacier (French: Calotte Glaciaire Cook[1] or Glacier Cook) is a large ice cap in the Kerguelen Islands in the French Southern Territories zone of the far Southern Indian Ocean.

Geography[edit]

The Cook Ice Cap reaches a maximum elevation of 1,049 metres (3,442 ft) in its central area.[2] It had a surface of approximately 500 km2 (190 sq mi) in 1963, having shrunk to about 400 km2 (150 sq mi) in recent times.[3]

Named after British explorer James Cook (1728–1779), on French navigational charts of the early 20th century this ice cap appears as 'Glacier Richthofen'[4]

Glacier terminus at the southern end.

Glaciers[edit]

About sixty glaciers flow from the inner ice cap in a roughly radial pattern. At the feet of the snout of these outlet glaciers there are often terminal moraines with dammed lakes of varying sizes. Further down the glacial meltwaters have formed numerous outwash plains at certain, mostly inland, locations. Only one of the glaciers originating in the Cook Ice Cap has its terminus in the Indian Ocean at the Anse des Glaçons in southeastern Kerguelen's deeply indented coastline.[3]

The following are the main glaciers listed clockwise:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Calotte Glaciaire Cook". Mapcarta. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  2. ^ GoogleEarth
  3. ^ a b Institut polaire français Paul Émile Victor : La fonte spectaculaire du plus gros glacier français
  4. ^ Transpolair L'Illustration 11 September 1909, no 3472