Gold Coast, Queensland
Coolangatta in 2003
|Population||5,948 (2016 census)|
|LGA(s)||City of Gold Coast|
Coolangatta is a coastal suburb and the southernmost suburb of City of Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. It is named after the schooner Coolangatta which was wrecked there in 1846. At the 2016 census, the suburb recorded a population of 5,948.
Coolangatta and its immediate neighbouring "Twin Town" Tweed Heads in New South Wales have a shared economy. The Tweed River supports a thriving fishing fleet, and the seafood is a local specialty offered in the restaurants and clubs of the holiday and retirement region on both sides of the state border. The Gold Coast Airport, formerly known as Coolangatta Airport, is located at Coolangatta, with some of the runway going across the border into New South Wales.
Coolangatta was one of the earliest settlements on the Gold Coast. Once again focused on a steep headland at Point Danger the area was occupied by Europeans from at least 1828 by a convict station and red cedar getters soon followed. Selectors followed in the 1860s and a small settlement at Coolangatta was established. In 1883 a township was surveyed. A map of the town in 1885 shows the results of a recent land sale where several town lots were sold.
A topsail schooner of 83 feet (25 m) in length and 88 long tons (89 t), Coolangatta was built by John Blinksell in 1843 for Alexander Berry whose property, Coolangatta Estate, adjoined Coolangatta mountain located on the northern bank of the Shoalhaven River, New South Wales. Coolangatta was wrecked on Kirra / Bilinga Beach adjacent to a creek during a storm on Wednesday 18 August 1846.
On 6 July 1846 the ship sailed under Captain Steele from Brisbane, carrying two convict prisoners (George Craig in irons, and William George Lewis), to load red cedar logs at the Tweed River for Sydney. Steele found the river entrance closed by silt forming a bar, so he anchored in the lee of Point Danger off Kirra Beach. Red cedar logs were then hauled overland from Terranora Inlet and rafted from the beach, but in six weeks less than half of the contracted 70,000 feet of red cedar had been loaded. Meanwhile, five ships loaded with red cedar were bar-bound inside the river.
On 18 August 1846, while Steel was ashore, a south-east gale blew up. Steele's boat was damaged while getting through the surf and he watched from the beach as the gale intensified. Eventually, the prisoners were freed and all hands abandoned ship and swam for shore as the anchors dragged. The ship parted its anchors and washed ashore near what was later called Coolangatta Creek.
The survivors walked 70 miles (110 km) north to Amity Point in six days, fed each night by different groups of friendly indigenous Australians, and were taken into Brisbane on board the Tamar. Government surveyor Henry Schneider named the area Coolangatta while surveying in 1883 for the land auction in March 1884.
As a border town Coolangatta included a customs office, boatshed and government wharf. Extension of the South Coast railway from Nerang railway station to Tweed Heads opened on 10 August 1903. The Coolangatta railway station was located to the south-west of the intersection of Griffith and Dutton Streets ( ) in New South Wales resulting in a Queensland Railway Station being located in another state. The railway guaranteed the success of Coolangatta as a holiday township and it flourished from that time forward. The Tweed Heads and Coolangatta Surf Life Saving Club opened on 13 September 1911. Guesthouses and hotels were erected and a commercial centre soon followed.
Land was advertised for sale in December 1912, being allotments in sections 3, 14, 25, [16 & 17], town of Coolangatta and portion 44 (special lease) parish of Tallebudgera, with 7 allotments facing either Marine Parade or Griffith Street. A further 35 allotments immediately south of Coolangatta Railway Station and 2 further allotments facing McLean Street were also advertised for sale.
In January 1919 the border between Queensland and New South Wales was closed to all traffic in response to the 1918 flu pandemic in an attempt to stop the spread of the disease north into Queensland. People found themselves stranded on the one side of the border unable to return to their homes or employment on the other side. Quarantine stations and camps were established to house travelers and stranded residents. One impact on the border closure was the need to duplicate services across the twin towns on the Queensland side of the border. The border remained closed until May 1919. One of the services that required duplication was a school for children living north of the border and a school was established at 1 Garrick Street. The school buildings have been re-purposed as a Community Centre and are on the Gold Coast Local Heritage Register.
An unnamed cyclone crossed the coast at Coolangatta on the night of 20 February 1954. The storm quickly cleared from Queensland skies but moved south, causing widespread loss of life and flooding in New South Wales. The railway line closed in 1961 due to the rising use of cars.
Little remains of the earliest structures at Coolangatta but some evidence remains of subsequent development in the early years of the twentieth century including the Coolangatta Hotel, Kirra Beach Hotel and St Augustine's Catholic Church (Coolangatta). In addition to the former Coolangatta State School, the Anzac Memorial (Coolangatta), Jazzland Coolangatta, the Kirra Beach Pavilion, Kirra Beach Shelter Shed and the remains of Jack Evans Porpoise Pool are on the Gold Coast Local Heritage Register.
The border fence and gates that until recently were a characteristic of the area have now been removed but the sense of the border remains at Boundary Street running along the ridge of the headland between Queensland and New South Wales. The headland itself is an important landmark and tourist destination and is the site of the Point Danger Lighthouse. Coolangatta symbolises the terminus of the Gold Coast and the long strip of beach that begins at Main Beach forty kilometres to the north.
Coolangatta and its surrounds were the home of two early tourist attractions on the Gold Coast. Jack Evans Porpoise Pool which was built at Snapper Rocks in 1957 and Gilltraps Auto Museum which was established at Kirra in 1959.
To commemorate the centenary of Coolangatta, in 1984 a stone from the Coolangatta Estate homestead was donated by the citizens of Coolangatta near Berry, New South Wales and was mounted on a plinth of granite from Aberdeen, Scotland, the birthplace of Alexander Berry.
The Coolangatta Star newspaper was published from 1916 to 1927. In May 1927, the Tweed Heads and Coolangatta star amalgamated with the Coolangatta Chronicle to become the Border Star.  The Border Star newspaper ceased publication in 1942.
Prior to 1903, Coolangatta was administered by the Nerang Divisional Board, which became the Shire of Nerang in 1903. In 1914, Coolangatta had its own local government, the Town of Coolangatta, but in 1949 it was amalgamated into the Town of South Coast, which eventually became City of Gold Coast.
According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 5,948 people in Coolangatta.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.2% of the population.
- The median age of people in Coolangatta was 50 years.
- 67.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 4.3% and England 4.0%.
- 80.2% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Portuguese at 1.7%.
- The most common responses for religion were No Religion 32.3, Catholic 21.9% and Anglican 15.4%.
Coolangatta has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with warm, wet summers and cool, moist winters. Although there is four times as much rainfall in March as there is in September, Coolangatta is still considered to have no dry season because there is more than a tenth of the rainfall of the wettest month in the driest month of the year.
|Climate data for Coolangatta|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.1
|Average low °C (°F)||20.9
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||145.2
|Source: Bureau of Meteorology|
Sport and recreation
Coolangatta has many sports teams Coolangatta Tweed Heads Australian Football Club is a Gold Coast based club competing in the AFL Queensland Australian rules football competition. Coolangatta also has The Coolangatta Gold, Quiksilver Pro Gold Coast, Coolangatta Tweed Heads Golf Club, Roxy Pro Gold Coast, plus the Coolangatta Tweed Barbarians who compete in the Gold Coast and District Rugby Union. and Beach Cricket Tri-Nations series.
The Coolangatta Surf Life Saving Club compete in the Winter Swimming Association of Australia Championships
The Tweed Heads and Coolangatta Surf Life Saving Club opened on 13 September 1911.
Cooly Rocks On
Each June, Coolangatta hosts the Cooly Rocks On Festival, a two-week 1950s and 1960s nostalgia festival with free entertainment and attractions, including hot rods, restored cars and revival bands playing music of the era.
In popular culture
Coolangatta is featured in the song It's Hot in Brisbane but it's Coolangatta, recorded in 1953 by Gwen Ryan, Claude Carnell's Orchestra and additional vocals from Doug Roughton's Hokey Pokey Club. Funded by 39 businesses, it is believed to be the first jingle written to promote an Australian tourist destination. In 2008 the song was used as the theme for a Gold Coast Heritage exhibition about the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s on the Gold Coast, featuring oral histories and objects of Gold Coast residents.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Coolangatta (Qld.) (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
- "Coolangatta (entry 46040)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
- "Town of Coolangatta map". State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- "Government Land Sale. - The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) - 4 Jul 1885". Trove. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- "VISITORS FROM NEW SOUTH WALES". The Brisbane Courier. 11 August 1903. p. 5. Retrieved 16 September 2014 – via National Library of Australia.
- "South Coast Rail Line". Archived from the original on 16 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
- "Tweed Heads Life Saving Brigade". The Brisbane Courier. 16 September 1911. p. 4. Retrieved 16 September 2014 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Plan of allotments in sections 3, 14, 25, 16 & 17, town of Coolangatta ... and portion 44 (special lease ...) parish of Tallebudgera, county of Ward". rosettadel.slq.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- "Advertising - The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) - 4 Dec 1912". Trove. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- "INFLUENZA EPIDEMIC". The Telegraph (14, 408) (SECOND ed.). Brisbane. 29 January 1919. p. 2. Retrieved 14 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Border Quarantine". The Telegraph (14, 440). Brisbane. 7 March 1919. p. 5. Retrieved 14 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "GOOLANGATTA SCHOOL". Daily Mail (5094). Brisbane. 7 March 1919. p. 4. Retrieved 14 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Opening the Border". The Telegraph (14, 500). Brisbane. 17 May 1919. p. 9. Retrieved 14 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Gold Coast Local Heritage Register" (PDF). City of Gold Coast. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
- Anglican Church of Southern Queensland. "Closed Churches". Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Damien Larkins (20 February 2014). "The Great Gold Coast Cyclone – February 1954". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "Gold Coast Local Heritage Register" (PDF). City of Gold Coast. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 September 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
- "Coolangatta". Queensland Places. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
- "Tweed Heads & Coolangatta Star". Trove. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- The Border star, Canberra National Library of Australia, 1929, ISSN 2206-1746
- "Agency ID10376, Coolangatta Town Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- "Coolangatta AWS". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 9 May 2009.
- "Coolangatta Library". Gold Coast City Council. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 13. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Cooly Rocks On". Archived from the original on 17 June 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- National Film and Sound Archive: Does your town have its own song? Archived 2016-03-19 at the Wayback Machine
- Mortimer, Luke. "It's hot in Brisbane but it's Coolangatta". My Daily News. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
- "It's Hot in Brisbane but it's Coolangatta!". Gold Coast City City Council. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coolangatta, Queensland.|
- University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Coolangatta
- National Film and Sound Archive: "It's Hot in Brisbane but it's Coolangatta": (embedded audio 2 mins 37 secs)
- Coolangatta: that's the place for me – music score, digitised and held by the State Library of Queensland
- Heritage Tour — Coolangatta