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A cooling vest is a piece of specially made clothing designed to lower or stabilize body temperature and make exposure to warm climates or environments more bearable. Cooling vests are used by many athletes, construction workers, and welders, as well as individuals suffering from multiple sclerosis, hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, or various types of sports injuries.
Cooling vests range in weight from around 1 to 3.5 kg, depending on the model. While many sub-types do exist, cooling vests fall into one of 5 primary types:
- Evaporative cooling vests are typically submersed in water for around 3 – 5 minutes and lightly wrung out or blot dried. They are usually worn outside the clothing and as the water in the vest interacts with specially treated cooling crystals or other cooling agents, the water evaporates which then causes body temperature to be reduced. They are light weight, easy to use and no electricity is required making them perfect for people on the move. They are also the most affordable form of cooling vest.
- Ice chilled cooling vests make use of cooling energy packs that are activated inside of a freezer and then placed in pockets inside of the cooling vest. Because they are very cold to the touch, this type of cooling vest is always worn outside the clothes.
- A phase change material (PCM) cooling vest makes use of cooling packs that maintain much higher temperatures when refrigerated, frozen, or placed in water. These phase-change packs often contain liquids (typically nontoxic oils and fats) that solidify (like wax) typically between 55 and 65 degrees and usually last between 1.5 – 4 hours. This flexible cooled pack will then help reduce the wearers’ temperature for up to 4 hours.
- A cool flow cooling vest makes use of a water flow system that pumps water through the vest using hoses.
- Thermoelectric cooling vest works on Peltier effect and cools down the inner surface of the vest. It is powered by a portable battery.
The effects of cooling vests on athletes to improve their performance has been evaluated on several occasions; at the 2004 Summer Olympics several Americans and Australians were fitted with cooling vests supplied by Nike and Arctic Heat 2004,2008,2012,2016 Olympics, used prior to their events.
Cooling vests are also used by persons with multiple sclerosis. In multiple sclerosis, nerve fibers become demyelinated which leads to pain and discomfort when temperature is elevated. Nerve fibers may also be remyelinating or in the process of repairing themselves and still be sensitive to elevated temperatures. The cooling vest keeps the patient's temperature down, reducing the pain symptoms. In 2005, a 12-week study at the University of Buffalo was funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, a division of the U.S. Department of Education, to determine if people with multiple sclerosis could exercise longer with the help of a cooling vest.
Cooling vests are also used by large workforces in the industrial markets from construction to oil and gas. In 2018 The Supreme Committee for Delivery & Legacy developed a state of the art cooling suit using evaporative cooling technology to help its 30,000 workforce complete the building of the Qatar 2022 World Cup Stadiums. This is believed to be the largest and most significant deployment of cooling workwear delivered and consulted by TechNiche UK.
- Hunter, I.; Hopkins, J. T.; Casa, D. J. (2006). "Warming Up With an Ice Vest: Core Body Temperature Before and After Cross-Country Racing". Journal of Athletic Training. NATA Journals. 41 (4): 371–374. PMC 1748408. PMID 17273460. S2CID 14650777.
- "Can Cooling Affect Exercise for Those with MS? – UB NewsCenter". Buffalo.edu. 2005-10-31. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
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