Cooperative Baptist Fellowship
|Cooperative Baptist Fellowship|
|Associations||Baptist World Alliance|
|Separated from||Southern Baptist Convention|
The Cooperative Baptist Association has its origins in a meeting in Atlanta in 1990 of a group of moderate churches of the Southern Baptist Convention at odds with the denomination for its conservatism on issues such as opposition to women's ministry.  It was officially founded in 1991.  As of 1996, the association had 1,400 churches and was still affiliated with the Southern Baptist Convention.  In 1998, it began ordaining chaplains.  In 2002, it officially left the Southern Baptist Convention and became a member of the Baptist World Alliance.  According to a denomination census released in 2020, it claimed 1,800 churches and 750,000 members. 
The Cooperative Baptist Fellowship does not enforce particular beliefs upon congregations, as is congruent with traditional Baptist theology. The Fellowship's "understanding of Baptist faith and practice is expressed by [their] emphasis on freedom in biblical interpretation and congregational governance, the participation of women and men in all aspects of church leadership and Christian ministry, and religious liberty for all people." CBF also ascribes to the "Four Fragile Freedoms" as developed in The Baptist Identity: Four Fragile Freedoms by Walter Shurden. CBF interprets these freedoms as:
- Soul Freedom - We believe in the priesthood of all believers and affirm the freedom and responsibility of every person to relate directly to God without the imposition of creed or the control of clergy or government.
- Bible Freedom - We believe in the authority of Scripture. We believe the Bible, under the Lordship of Christ, is central to the life of the individual and the church. We affirm the freedom and right of every Christian to interpret and apply scripture under the leadership of the Holy Spirit.
- Church Freedom - We believe in the autonomy of every local church. We believe Baptist churches are free, under the Lordship of Christ, to determine their membership and leadership, to order their worship and work, to ordain whomever they perceive as gifted for ministry, and to participate as they deem appropriate in the larger body of Christ.
- Religious Freedom - We believe in the freedom of religion, freedom for religion, and freedom from religion. We support the separation of church and state.
Affirmation of women in ministry was one of the founding principles of the Fellowship. Most CBF members agree that both men and women may be ordained as ministers or deacons and serve as pastors of churches. On social issues, the CBF does not issue position statements. CBF members agree that as it is a fellowship of autonomous churches, issuing statements would be beyond its purpose. However, it does have an organizational policy on homosexual behaviour. However, CBF policies are not binding on individual congregations which make their own decisions regarding any issue; neither can a congregation be excluded from the CBF for disagreeing with core values or policies. For example, Calvary Baptist Church in Lexington, KY, a leading member congregation in the CBF allows gays to serve in leadership including church deacon and Calvary Baptist Church in DC, another member congregation, performs same-sex marriages. Additionally, the CBF co-sponsored a conference on sexuality and initiated the "'Illumination Project' approved by the Governing Board (formerly the Coordinating Council) to develop models for the Fellowship community to air differences not only about the hiring ban but also other hot-button issues dividing churches, denominations and society".
State and regional organizations
There are CBF-affiliated churches in 43 out of the 50 states. Alongside the national CBF, there are 19 state and regional organizations that are affiliated with CBF and help provide churches with resources at a more local level
- Alabama CBF
- Baptist Fellowship of the Northeast
- Florida CBF
- CBF Heartland
- CBF Arkansas
- CBF Georgia
- CBF of Louisiana
- CBF of Mississippi
- CBF of North Carolina
- CBF of Oklahoma
- CBF of South Carolina
- CBF of Texas
- CBF of Virginia
- CBF Kentucky
- Mid-Atlantic CBF
- North Central Region CBF
- Tennessee CBF
- CBF West
- Fellowship Southwest
The Cooperative Baptist Fellowship has had ministers educated at a wide variety of Seminaries and Divinity schools. Institutions both Historically Baptist and those with other denominational affiliations. Some of the recent institutions that CBF national has supported students from, include:
- Baptist University of the Américas, San Antonio, Texas
- Baptist Seminary of Kentucky, Georgetown, Kentucky
- Boston University School of Theology, Boston, Massachusetts
- Brite Divinity School, Fort Worth, Texas
- Campbell University Divinity School, Buies Creek, North Carolina
- Candler School of Theology, Atlanta, Georgia
- Central Baptist Theological Seminary , Shawnee, Kansas
- Claremont School of Theology, Claremont, California
- Columbia International University, Columbia, South Carolina
- Duke University Divinity School, Durham, North Carolina
- Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California
- Gardner–Webb University School of Divinity, Boiling Springs, North Carolina
- George W. Truett Theological Seminary, Waco, Texas
- Harvard Divinity School, Cambridge, Massachusetts
- Hood Theological Seminary, Salisbury, North Carolina
- Iliff School of Theology, Denver, Colorado
- International Baptist Theological Study Centre Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- John Leland Center for Theological Studies, Arlington, Virginia
- Logsdon School of Theology, Abilene, Texas
- Lutheran Theological Southern Seminary, Columbia, South Carolina
- McAfee School of Theology at Mercer University, Atlanta & Macon, Georgia
- Phillips Theological Seminary, Tulsa, Oklahoma
- Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey
- Vanderbilt University Divinity School, Nashville, Tennessee
- Union Presbyterian Seminary, Richmond, Virginia
- Wake Forest University School of Divinity, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
- Wesley Theological Seminary, Washington, DC
- William H. Brackney, Historical Dictionary of the Baptists, Scarecrow Press, USA, 2020, p. 169
- Richard Leigh Walker, Southern Baptists: Moderates Form Alternative Fellowship, christianitytoday.com, USA, June 24, 1991
- Greg Garrison, Cooperative Baptists, ‘different kind of Baptist,’ meet at BJCC, al.com, USA, June 22, 2019
- Randy Frame, Cooperative Baptists Reject Formal Break with SBC, christianitytoday.com, USA, August 12, 1996
- Aaron Weaver, At 25, CBF still building something new, baptistnews.com, USA, June 23, 2016
- Deborah G Leste, Cooperative Baptist Fellowship joins World Alliance, goupstate.com, USA, July 19, 2003
- Baptist World Alliance, Members, baptistworld.org, USA, retrieved December 5, 2020
- CBF, Core Values, USA, retrieved December 5, 2020
- "Who We Are – Cooperative Baptist Fellowship". Retrieved 2021-06-13.
- "Who We Are – Cooperative Baptist Fellowship". Retrieved 2021-06-13.
- Web: 2 Jan 2010 CBF About Us Archived 2010-11-30 at the Wayback Machine
- Cooperative Baptist Fellowship. "Cooperative Baptist Fellowship and Southern Baptist Convention Differences: A Conversation with CBF Coordinator Daniel Vestal". Archived from the original on 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- Burke, Daniel (2010-03-27). "Clergy torn over church, civil loyalties over same-sex marriage". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-04-25.
- "Our Affiliations". 2013-04-18. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
- "Analysis: A timeline of CBF's LGBTQ debate". Retrieved 2016-08-01.
- "Churches – Cooperative Baptist Fellowship". Retrieved 2021-06-13.
- "States and Regions – Cooperative Baptist Fellowship". Retrieved 2021-06-13.
- "State/Regional Organizations - Cooperative Baptist Fellowship". www.cbfevents.org. Retrieved 2021-06-13.
- "Seminary Resources – Cooperative Baptist Fellowship". Retrieved 2021-06-13.