Coorg State

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Coorg State
(previously Coorg Province)
State of India

1950–1956
Location of Kodagu Rajya
Map of Southern India before the States Reorganisation Act of 1956 with Coorg State in dark green
Capital Mercara (Madikeri)
Chief Minister
 -  6 years C. M. Poonacha
History
 -  Coorg State formed from Coorg Province 26 January 1950
 -  Merged into Mysore State 1 November 1956
States of India since 1947

Coorg State was a Part-C state in the Union of India which existed from 1950 to 1956.[1]When the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950, most of the existing provinces were reconstituted into states. Thus, Coorg Province became Coorg State. Coorg State was ruled by a Chief Commissioner with Mercara as its capital. The head of the government was the Chief Minister. Coorg State was abolished on 1 November 1956 as per the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 and its territory merged with Mysore State (later renamed as Karnataka). Presently, Coorg forms a district of Karnataka state.

History[edit]

The Coorg State came into being on 26 January 1950 as per the Constitution of India. Prior to the enactment of the Constitution, Coorg had been a province of the Dominion of India.

The first legislative elections in Coorg were held in 1952. The main contenders were the Indian National Congress led in the state by C. M. Poonacha and the Takkadi party led by the Gandhian Pandyanda Belliappa. While the Congress supported merger with the neighbouring Mysore State, the Takkadi party fought the election on an anti-merger plank. The Indian National Congress won a majority of 15 seats while the Takkadi party bagged the remaining nine seats.

Commissioners of Coorg State[edit]

(1) Dewan Bahadur Ketolira Chengappa, became its first Chief Commissioner from 1947–1949

(2) C.T. Mudaliar became Chief Commissioner from 1949 - 1950[1]

(3) Kanwar Daya Singh Bedi, Chief Commissioner from 1950 - 1956[1]

Chief Minister[edit]

Cheppudira Muthana Poonacha was the first and last Chief Minister of Coorg State from 1950 till 1956.[1]

Dissolution[edit]

As a result of the States Reorganisation Act of 1 November 1956, when India's state boundaries were reorganized, Coorg State became a district of the then Mysore State[1][2][3] Mysore State was later renamed as Karnataka and part of the historical region of Coorg now forms the Kodagu district of Karnataka.[4][5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Coorg State : Chief Commissioners
  2. ^ Development of Mysore state, 1940-56 by M. B. Gayathri
  3. ^ Karnataka government and politics By Harish Ramaswamy, S. S. Patagundi, Shankaragouda Hanamantagouda Patil
  4. ^ Kushalappa, M (2013). Long Ago in Coorg. 
  5. ^ Bopanna, P T. Rise and Fall of the Coorg State. 
  6. ^ Muthanna, I M. Coorg Memoirs (The story of the Kodavas). 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 12°25′15″N 75°44′23″E / 12.4208°N 75.7397°E / 12.4208; 75.7397