Coorg orange

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Orange selling at Nisargadhama.JPG

Coorg orange, also called Coorg mandarin, is a cultivar of orange from Kodagu in Karnataka. It was given the Geographical Indication status in 2006.

Description[edit]

In the 1960s, Coorg orange was grown in land of 24,000 hectare area. In recent years the cultivation area has come down to less than 2,000 hectares.[1] Coorg orange was mainly cultivated in the districts of Kodagu, Hassan and Chikmagalur as a secondary crop in coffee plantations for more than 150 years.[2][1]

Coorg oranges are regarded as man-made hybrids of mandarins (Citrus reticulata).[3] Greenish-yellow in colour, they have a tight skin and a sweet taste, unlike Nagpur oranges which are known to have loose skin and sweet taste.[1] Coorg oranges are said to have longer shelf life compared to other varieties.[4] The hilly terrain with well-drained soil and heavy rainfall in the region of cultivation are regarded as the reasons for the unique characteristics of this variety.[5]

Coorg orange cultivation has decreased in recent years due to diseases, emergence of Nagpur orange, among other factors.[6] The yield of each plant has come down to around 10kg which was once more than 50kg.[1] The average production of the fruit is over 45,000 tonnes.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Manoj, P. (22 March 2006). "GI tag may help revive Coorg orange cultivation". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Coorg oranges out of sight at mela?". The New Indian Express. 6 January 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  3. ^ Aravamudan, Sriram (8 February 2015). "The greenskeeper: It's orangeous, I say". Bangalore Mirror. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  4. ^ Chinnappa, K. Jeevan (26 January 2005). "Reviving the famous `Coorg mandarin'". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  5. ^ "Oranges: India ranks 64th in productivity". The Hindu Business Line. 4 December 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Its Coorg oranges vs Nagpur oranges in Kodagu district". Deccan Herald. 21 October 2009. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  7. ^ BR, Rohith (25 January 2016). "Mangoes and grapes give K'taka farmers sweet taste of success". The Times of India. Retrieved 25 January 2016.