Coorparoo, Queensland

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Coorparoo
BrisbaneQueensland
Coorparoo State School September 2016 closeup.jpg
Coorparoo Primary School
Coorparoo is located in Queensland
Coorparoo
Coorparoo
Coordinates27°29′44″S 153°03′44″E / 27.49556°S 153.06222°E / -27.49556; 153.06222Coordinates: 27°29′44″S 153°03′44″E / 27.49556°S 153.06222°E / -27.49556; 153.06222
Population16,282 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density3,072/km2 (7,960/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4151[2]
Area5.3 km2 (2.0 sq mi)
Location4 km (2 mi) SE of CBD[3]
LGA(s)City of Brisbane
(Coorparoo Ward)[4]
State electorate(s)Greenslopes
Federal Division(s)Griffith
Suburbs around Coorparoo:
East Brisbane Norman Park Norman Park
Woolloongabba
Stones Corner
Coorparoo Camp Hill
Greenslopes Holland Park Camp Hill

Coorparoo is a suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south-east of the CBD.[3] It borders Camp Hill, Holland Park, Stones Corner, Greenslopes, East Brisbane and Norman Park.

Toponymy[edit]

Coorparoo was chosen as the name of the suburb at a public meeting on 22 March 1875, before which it was known as Four Mile Camp.[5][6] The name Coorparoo is likely derived from an Aboriginal name for Norman Creek, probably recorded by early surveyors as Koolpuroom.[7] The word is thought to refer to either a place associated with mosquitoes, or a sound made by the 'gentle dove'.[5] The latter explanation appears doubtful though, as 'gentle dove' may mean the spotted dove, which was introduced to the area in 1912, long after the name Coorparoo was adopted.[5]

History[edit]

Aboriginal history[edit]

The Coorparoo Clan lived south of the Brisbane River and generally camped along creeks. Their name comes from Kulpurum, which was the word for Norman Creek or a tributary of it. They continued to occupy watercourse campsites after white settlement, but other clans from the region began to move into South Brisbane.

In 1846, there were reports[by whom?] of Aborigines raiding produce along Norman Creek. In 1853, there was a fight between Ningy Ningy, Bribie Island, Amity Point, and Logan peoples at Norman Creek. A visitor in 1855 reported many camps and fishing spots between Stones Corner and the mouth of Norman Creek. In 1959 an eighty-year-old woman told of frequent corroborees on the banks of the creek in Norman Park. Corroborees were also held at a little creek that crossed Norfolk Street.[8]

Urban development[edit]

On 17 June 1856, ten farms were sold from the Parish of Bulimba near Stones Corner. Investors bought all but two of them. The next year James Warner surveyed land on the other side of the road for a second land auction.

Samuel Stevens donated two acres of his property near the junction of Cavendish and Old Cleveland Roads for use of a school. He declined the offer of naming the area "Steven's Town".

Real estate map of Langlands Estate East, Coorparoo, 1886

In 1876, the Coorparoo State School was opened and Frederick Robinson began offering public transport in a wagonette from Coorparoo Junction to Victoria Bridge. The 1880s land boom was a spur to profit from land. John Black was the first to subdivide land in the area in 1882 and later a variety of subdivisions were offered to the public. The construction of the bridge at Stanley Street (1886) and the development of the Stanley Bridge Estate made the area more attractive to purchasers. In 1887, the tramway was extended to Buranda, putting the western end of Coorparoo close to tram travel.

Estate map of the Seville Estate, Cavendish Road, Coorparoo, Brisbane, Queensland, 1888.

On Saturday 9 August 1884 auctioneers Simon Fraser & Son offered for sale 222 suburban allotments ranging from 32 to 48 perches (810 to 1,210 m2) in the "Wecker Estate", the property of Frederick Wecker.[9][10] Although the auction was well attended, only 21 allotments were sold on the day.[11]

In February 1886 the "Langlands Estate, East Brisbane" was advertised to be auctioned by Arthur Martin & Co. The advertisement describes 568 allotments commencing a few yards beyond the junction of the Cleveland and Logan Roads, with extensive frontage to the Cleveland Road.[12] A map advertising the auction shows the Nicklin residence on the estate.[13]

Coorparoo had been part of the Bulimba Divisional Board since 1879. However, in 1888, as a result of dissatisfaction with this situation, a petition was taken resulting in the creation of Shire of Coorparoo. A bridge was built at Burnetts Swamp (Stones Corner) and important road improvements took place. Development was taking off. In 1889 there were 2,500 people in the shire.

On 22 December 1888 "St Leonard's Estate" was advertised for auction by R. J. Cottell. A map advertising the auction shows the estate as adjoining the "Langlands Estate" and close to the Coorparoo railway station.[14] A newspaper advertisement of the day notes that "St Leonard's Estate" can be reached "in a very few weeks by the train".[15]

In May 1889, on what is now known as Carina, 275 subdivided allotments of "Stanley Street Extended Estate" were advertised to be auctioned by James R. Dickson & Company. A map advertising the auction mentions 'free waggonettes from the Mart'.[16][17]

On 7 November 1891 auctioneers T. Howling & Co offered for sale 27 suburban lots in the "Wendouree Estate" bounded by Old Cleveland Road to the north and Wecker Street (now Kirkland Avenue) to the east.[18] It is unclear if any blocks were sold at the time as on 6 February 1913 Roman Catholic Archbishop James Duhig purchased this same land as a 3-acre (1.2 ha) site and it is now occupied by St James' Catholic Church and School.[19]

The floods of 1889 and 1893 hit the low-lying areas of Coorparoo. The flooding combined with the 1890s depression slowed development in the area. In 1900 there were actually fewer houses than there had been ten years earlier. The settlement was dense from Stones Corner to Kirkland Avenue (originally named Wecker Street but it was changed in 1914 in the wake of anti-German sentiment), but further out it was mainly bush with a few isolated farms and houses. The only major industry was the brickworks of Abraham James at St Leonards Street, which employed eighty men in the 1880s.

After World War I, land prices increased as property sales boomed. Coorparoo did not really begin to expand again until the tram service was extended to Stones Corner in 1902 and Coorparoo Junction in 1915. The number of houses increased from 613 in 1911 to 1,467 ten years later.

"The Gem of Coorparoo" estate was advertised for auction by Cameron Bros in March 1922.[20] A map of the estate shows 51 allotments in the area near the convent, now Villanova College, including St Leonard's Street, Lackey Avenue, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Avenues, Edmond Street and Diamond Avenue (now Barnes Avenue).[21] The map also shows the Coorparoo railway station and the tramline on Old Cleveland Road.

Presbyterian services in Coorparoo commenced with Sunday school and Sunday evening services held in the Shire Hall on Cavendish Road, organised as an outreach of St John's Presbyterian Church in Annerley. Land in Emlyn Street was purchased for £550 and a hall erected at a cost of £1500, opening in July 1928. In September 1931 Coorparoo Presbyterian Church engaged its first minister Reverend Andrew Cuthbertson Kennedy.[22]

Cooparoo Cricket Club's (CCC) history can be traced back to the 1940s with the current club starting in 1980.[citation needed]

St Anne's Anglican Church opened circa 1958 in the Upper Cavendish Road area. It closed circa 1980s.[23]

Xavier Special School opened on 24 August 1970. In 2002 it merged with Camp Hill State High School and Whites Hill State School (both in Camp Hill) to form Whites Hill State College (in Camp Hill). Xavier Special School became the Xavier Special Education Unit within the college.[24]

Metropolitan Districts Netball Association was established in 1974 at Downey Park in Windsor, relocating to Wembley Park in Cooparoo in 1976. Its Coorparoo facilities were flooded in the 2011 Brisbane floods.[25][26]

In 2009, the Myer Department store building was compulsorily resumed for Eastern Busway and bus station by the Queensland Government. The Coorparoo station was going to be built on the Myer building site. In 2015, the old Myer Department store building on the corner of Old Cleveland Road and Cavendish Road was demolished. In its place are 3 residential towers with commercial development on the lower floors. The development, known as Coorparoo Square opened in 2017 and features a 10 screen Dendy cinema, Aldi Supermarket and speciality retailers and coffee shops. The Coorparoo bus station was not built. Under the development, will be a void for the future Eastern Busway station.[27]

In 2011 Brisbane School of Distance Education relocated to Coorparoo from its former site in West End.[28] The school is the amalgamation of the Primary Correspondence School (opened on 24 January 1922), the Secondary Correspondence School (opened in 1958) and the Preschool Correspondence (opened in 1974).[24][29]

Heritage listings[edit]

Coorparoo has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
200113,243—    
200613,800+4.2%
201114,944+8.3%
201616,282+9.0%

The 2016 Census recorded 16,282 residents in Coorparoo, of whom 51.2% were female and 48.8% were male. The median age of the population was 34; 4 years younger than the Australian average.

Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.9% of the population.

70.7% of people living in Coorparoo were born in Australia, with the next most common countries of birth being India (3.6%), New Zealand (3%), England (2.5%), Nepal (0.9%), and China (0.7%). 77.6% of people only spoke English at home, while the other most common responses were Spanish (1.2%), Hindi (1.2%), Punjabi (1.1%), Mandarin (1%), and Greek (1%). The most common responses for religion were No Religion 29.8%, Catholic 28.6% and Anglican 11.2%.[1]

Education[edit]

State schools in Coorparoo include Coorparoo State School and Coorparoo Secondary College.[74] There are four Catholic schools: St James Primary School, Loreto College Coorparoo (girls, 7–12), Mt Carmel Primary school (co-ed, prep–6), and Villanova College (boys, 5–12).

Amenities[edit]

Brisbane City Council provides 30 parks in Coorparoo. They range in size from large to small and have a range of different facilities.[75]

Despite the name, Coorparoo Cricket Club has its clubhouse at 18 Crown Street, Norman Park.[76] Home games are played at Peter Burge Oval.[citation needed]

Coorparoo is home of the Eastern Suburbs District Rugby League Football Club who play their home games at Langlands Park. Langlands Park regularly hosts training sessions for the Queensland and Australian Rugby League teams when they are playing in Brisbane.[citation needed]

The Brisbane Lions train during the week at Giffin Park, also in Coorparoo.

The Metropolitan Districts Netball Association are based at Wembley Park, on the corner of Burke Street and Robinson Street (27°29′21″S 153°03′43″E / 27.4893°S 153.0620°E / -27.4893; 153.0620 (Metropolitan Districts Netball Association)). They have 12 netball courts.[77]

Attractions[edit]

Brisbane Central Business District viewed from Upper Cornwall Street, Coorparoo.
Tram Post

Coorparoo has a range of distinctive homes, buildings, and sites of interest, including:

  • Spanish Mission Revival homes along Cavendish Road. This was a popular inter-war house style introduced from California.
  • Ridgelands (1880s), built for the Blundell family
  • Cardington (1880s) at the corner of Norfolk Street and Cavendish Road. This residence was built by Thomas Howling who had purchased the allotments from early settler George Harden.
  • Barston Place (1880) on Norfolk Street, built for Scottish born James Burstall and named after his birthplace.
  • Coorparoo Shire Hall (1892) at the corner of Cavendish Road and Halstead Street. The building is now owned by the Coorparoo School of Arts and Memorial Hall Association Inc. and is known as The School of Arts Hall.
  • Restored Tram Post at the corner of Old Cleveland and Cavendish Roads.
  • Hatherton (1886). This elite residence was built for Reuben Nicklin whose previous residence was called Langlands. Reuben and his wife Jane were drowned in the RMS Quetta disaster in 1890. The house has subsequently been extensively renovated and changed and is now known as the heritage-listed "Queen Alexandra Home" having been used as a Methodist Home for children, teaching classrooms for the local TAFE College and more recently as a community centre.
  • Chatsworth (1888), built for William Evans who worked at Stewarts of Stones Corner. Chatsworth Road is named after this residence.
  • Langlands (1883), built for Reuben Nicklin. This building is in the grounds of the present Villanova College and is the oldest surviving masonry residence in Coorparoo.
  • Cavendish Road
  • Kirkland Avenue. A tree-lined street with views of the Brisbane CBD. This avenue was lined with larger Queenslander houses until the late 1960s when the Brisbane City Council allowed their demolition for blocks of units. Some of these units have been demolished and replaced with more modern blocks of units.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Coorparoo (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 13 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Find a postcode". Australia Post. Archived from the original on 24 August 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
  3. ^ a b Centre for the Government of Queensland. "Coorparoo and Coorparoo Shire". Archived from the original on 4 February 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Coorparoo Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "Coorparoo (entry 47603)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Local History – Coorparoo". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  7. ^ "From the News of 60 Years Ago". The Queenslander. Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia. 27 February 1936. p. 51. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  8. ^ "Coorparoo". RE/MAX. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  9. ^ "Wecker Estate, Old Cleveland Road". State Library of Queensland. hdl:10462/deriv/252463. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Display Advertising". The Brisbane Courier. XXXIX (8, 294). Queensland, Australia. 9 August 1884. p. 8. Retrieved 2 June 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  11. ^ "REAL PROPERTY SALES". The Telegraph (3, 693). Queensland, Australia. 11 August 1884. p. 5. Retrieved 2 June 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "Classified Advertising". The Brisbane Courier. XLI (8, 752). Queensland, Australia. 2 February 1886. p. 7. Retrieved 28 May 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ "Langlands Estate, East Brisbane [next to Norman's Creek] / Arthur Martin & Co., Auctioneers ; Nicholas W. Bell, Suveyor". 6 February 1886. hdl:10462/deriv/264265. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  14. ^ "St. Leonard's Estate [Coorparoo] / R.J. Cottell, Auctioneer ; Geo. Phillips, Surveyor". 22 December 1888. hdl:10462/deriv/253887. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  15. ^ "Classified Advertising". The Brisbane Courier. XLV (9, 654). Queensland, Australia. 22 December 1888. p. 12. Retrieved 15 May 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  16. ^ "Stanley Street Extended Estate". State Library of Queensland. hdl:10462/deriv/18576. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph. Queensland, Australia. 10 May 1889. p. 8. Retrieved 26 May 2020 – via Trove.
  18. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (5, 940). Queensland, Australia. 31 October 1891. p. 7. Retrieved 2 June 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  19. ^ "St James Catholic Church & Presbytery | Heritage Places". heritage.brisbane.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  20. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (15, 346). Queensland, Australia. 2 February 1922. p. 12. Retrieved 24 January 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  21. ^ "The gem of Coorparoo". State Library of Queensland. 18 March 1922. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  22. ^ St. John's Presbyterian Church (Thompson Estate, Qld.) (1935), St. John's Presbyterian Church, Thompson Estate, Brisbane : jubilee souvenir 1885-1935, St. John's Presbyterian Church
  23. ^ Anglican Church of Southern Queensland. "Closed Churches". Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  24. ^ a b Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  25. ^ "MDNA History". Metropolitan Districts Netball Association. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  26. ^ "History of Metropolitan District Netball Association" (PDF). Metropolitan District Netball Association. 2004. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 October 2020. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  27. ^ "Coorparoo to become a cultural hub". bmag. Archived from the original on 27 March 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  28. ^ Moore, Tony (1 December 2010). "West End school plans scuppered". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  29. ^ "History". Brisbane School of Distance Education. 5 December 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  30. ^ "Coorparoo Railway Station". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  31. ^ "Brethren Meeting Room". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  32. ^ "Interwar Shop". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  33. ^ "203 Cavendish Road, Coorparoo". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  34. ^ "Coorparoo School of Arts and RSL Memorial Hall (entry 602054)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  35. ^ "Coorparoo Gospel Chapel". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  36. ^ "Coorparoo Fire Station (former) (entry 600569)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  37. ^ "Miegunyah". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  38. ^ "Glenena". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  39. ^ "Memorial Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  40. ^ "Romaeden". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  41. ^ "Verona". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  42. ^ "St Stephen's Church of England (former) & Hall". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  43. ^ "Erica (former)". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  44. ^ "Loreto College". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  45. ^ "Anzac Cottage". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  46. ^ "Camoola". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  47. ^ "King's Residence". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  48. ^ "Ellensvale". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  49. ^ "Davaar". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  50. ^ "41 Gladstone Street Coorparoo". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  51. ^ "Air Raid Shelter". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  52. ^ "Wynyard". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  53. ^ "Coorparoo Presbyterian War Memorial Church and Hall". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  54. ^ "Garnet Hill". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  55. ^ "Balblair". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  56. ^ "Coorparoo Substation No. 210 (entry 602495)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  57. ^ "St James Catholic Church & Presbytery". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  58. ^ "Tram Shelter (former)". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  59. ^ "Tram Stop (former)". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  60. ^ "Sullivan's Building". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  61. ^ "Coorparoo State School (entry 650047)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  62. ^ "Queen Alexandra Home (entry 600185)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  63. ^ "Hinda". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  64. ^ "Coorparoo Bowls Club". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  65. ^ "Linwood". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  66. ^ "Villanova College". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  67. ^ "Mon Abri". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  68. ^ "Neilson's Cottage". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  69. ^ "Mecklenburg's Cottage". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  70. ^ "Thrushton". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  71. ^ "Bayard Residence". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  72. ^ "Tarrangower". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  73. ^ "Coorparoo Uniting Church & Hall". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  74. ^ "Welcome". Coorparoo Secondary College. Archived from the original on 23 April 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  75. ^ "Coorparoo parks". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  76. ^ "Coorparoo Cricket Club". www.coorparoocricketclub.com.au. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  77. ^ "Contact Us". Metropolitan Districts Netball Association. Retrieved 27 October 2020.

External links[edit]