Cootehill

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cootehill

Muinchille
Town
Market Street, Cootehill in 2008
Market Street, Cootehill in 2008
Cootehill is located in Ireland
Cootehill
Cootehill
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 54°04′26″N 7°04′51″W / 54.073953°N 7.080791°W / 54.073953; -7.080791Coordinates: 54°04′26″N 7°04′51″W / 54.073953°N 7.080791°W / 54.073953; -7.080791
CountryIreland
ProvinceUlster
CountyCounty Cavan
Elevation
100 m (300 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
1,853
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))
Irish Grid ReferenceH617133

Cootehill (/ˈkthɪl/; Irish: Muinchille, meaning "ridge")[7] is a market town and townland in County Cavan, Ireland. Cootehill was formerly part of the neighbouring townland of Munnilly.[8] Both townlands lie within the barony of Tullygarvey.[7][8]

The English language name of the town is a portmanteau of "Coote" and "Hill", the family names of a local 18th century landowning family.

Name[edit]

The town's Irish name, Muinchille, derives from the Irish language term meaning a ridge or "sleeve".[7]

The town's name in English, Cootehill, is a portmanteau attributed to the intermarriage of the landowning Coote and Hill families in the early 1700s.[9] This involved the marriage of Thomas Coote (1655–1741) and Frances Hill from Hillsborough, County Down, who were involved in the linen trade. The Coote family of Cootehill had some notable members, including the aforementioned Thomas Coote who was a Cromwellian Colonel and a judge of the Court of King's Bench during the 18th century. Other Cootes served as sheriffs and under-sheriffs in the 19th century. Thomas Coote's grandson was Charles Coote, 1st Earl of Bellomont.

History[edit]

Cootehill was formally established as a market town in 1725 when Thomas Coote obtained a charter to hold markets and fairs; thereafter strong ties to the Irish linen industry were cultivated. A description from 1844 states: "The town is comparatively well-built and respectively inhabited; and is not equaled in appearance by any place between it and Dublin except Navan."[10]

The Cootehill of this era has a link to communist and labour history, in that a branch of the International Workingmen's Association (IWA) was established in Cootehill in 1872. This followed the establishment of branches in Dublin, Cork, and Belfast.[11]

Prominent people who have visited the town over the years have included President Mary McAleese, who visited in 2002 to open Damien House near Dartrey Forest. Bertie Ahern, then Taoiseach, visited the town in 2006.[citation needed] Arthur Griffith founder of Sinn Féin and later President of Dáil Éireann was elected here in 1918, and Rev. John Wesley, a founder of the evangelical and Methodist movement, visited the town in the mid-18th century.[citation needed] Eoghan Ruadh Ó Néill camped and trained the Ulster Army in Munnilly, in the 1640s during the Irish Confederate Wars.[citation needed]

Heritage and culture[edit]

Market Street, Cootehill 1905

The dominant architectural style reflects the 18th and 19th centuries, with a number of Georgian buildings in the town centre. The town has several architecturally notable buildings, including an office with an arched sandstone facade, built for the Provincial Bank (later AIB Bank) in 1858 and designed by architect William G Murray. It stands at the far end of Market Street, and is next door to the Church of Ireland church, built 1819. Within 90 metres stands the renovated St. Michaels Roman Catholic Chapel. The Cootehill Court House is also nearby and was designed and built in 1832 by William Deane Butler. There are also examples of Modern and Postmodern architecture, such as the Cootehill Post Office. The Market house was demolished in the 1960s. Cootehill workhouse and infirmary, was built in 1841-2, designed by George Wilkinson to accommodate up to 800 inmates and a fever hospital was added in 1846 during the Great Famine. It was closed in 1917 after serving as an asylum for a few years and demolished in the 1960s.

One of the main estate houses in the area, Bellamont Forest, was built between 1725 and 1730 for Thomas Coote, the Lord Justice of Ireland. It was designed by Coote's nephew, architect Edward Lovett Pearce. Pearce's other works include the former Houses of Parliament in College Green in Dublin, now the Bank of Ireland. He later became Surveyor General of Ireland, a post which he held until his death in 1733. Considered one of the finest Palladian villa ever built in Ireland,[citation needed] Bellamont House is not well known, but the Coote family who built it are. The first was Sir Charles Coote who died in battle at Trim in 1642, leaving his four estates to his four sons. His youngest son Colonel Thomas Coote was granted the lands in County Cavan after the Act of Settlement in 1662 and was the founder of the town of Cootehill.

Live irish traditional music, country music, rock music and classical music, is an important part of the local culture.[citation needed] The Ulster Fleadh Cheoil has been hosted in Cootehill several times.

Industry and tourism[edit]

Cootehill's Masonic Hall

In 1837, Cootehill became the site of one of the first eight branches of Ulster Bank which remains to this day. The town is also home to Abbott Laboratories, which manufactures infant formulae. Other factories include Eakins and Whelans Shoes, and the Cootehill Enterprise Centre is home to Carleton Bakery. Agriculture and related industry (such as chicken processing and mushroom cultivation), as well as retail, are the main employers.[citation needed]

The surrounding lakes and rivers provide a backdrop which attracts visitors and sports enthusiasts.[citation needed] In the 18th and 19th century Cootehill was a centre for horse-racing.[12]

There is a megalithic tomb in the townland of Cohaw approximately 5 km from Cootehill along the Shercock road.

Bellamont House is a noted example of Palladian Architecture in Ireland, and remains in a well-preserved condition. The country house was the ancestral seat of the Coote family, Earls of Bellamont. The former Bellamont Estate was a sprawling country estate stretching from the town centre north towards Rockcorry to the right of the Dromore River. The forest was once thickly planted with Norway spruce and other trees, and is now managed by Coillte and was clearcut in the early 1990s.

The estate featured several lakes, gatehouses at the numerous gates, pasture, forest, drumlins, and wildlife which includes wild deer and corncrakes. It is bordered by the Dromore River and Dartrey Forest (once part of the former, Dartrey Estate). Most of Bellamont Forest is now designated as Natural Heritage Area by Ireland's National Parks and Wildlife Service.

Infrastructure[edit]

At the end of 2006, Bindoo wind farm was completed close to Cootehill supplying the area with 48MW of wind generated electricity.

In 2008, a further two wind farms were constructed namely the 31.5MW wind farm of Mountain Lodge co-owned by Galetech Energy Ltd and Hibernian Wind Ltd and the 3MW two turbine wind project of Edrans wholly owned by Galetech Energy Ltd.

In 2017, a 20.5MW wind farm started construction known as Carrickallen wind farm owned by local company Galetech Energy Developments Ltd.

Transport[edit]

Cootehill railway station opened on 18 October 1860,[13] closed for goods and passenger traffic on 10 March 1947, finally closing altogether on 20 June 1955.[14] The line closed under the auspices of the Great Northern Railway after it was nationalised by the two governments.

Traditionally served by Bus Éireann. The service now comprises six journeys each way to/from Cavan and four journeys each way to/from Monaghan Mondays to Fridays inclusive. On Saturdays and Sundays there are two journeys in each direction.[15] There is also a three days a week Route 166 linking the town to Carrickmacross and Dundalk:[16] A company called Sillan operates a through coach service between the town and Dublin.[17]

Education[edit]

The town has two national schools: the Darley and St. Michael's. St Michael's is the larger of the two, with over 200 students from the ages of 4 to 12. The local secondary school is St. Aidan's Comprehensive School.[18] The Holy Family School, Monaghan Road, caters to students with special needs. Tanagh Outdoor Education Centre provides adventure sport activities (including canoeing and orienteering) for school groups and others.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sapmap Area: Settlements Cootehill". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office. 2016. Archived from the original on 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Server Error 404 - CSO - Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie. Archived from the original on 20 September 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  3. ^ http://www.histpop.org Archived 2016-05-07 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  6. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. hdl:10197/1406. Archived from the original on 4 December 2012.
  7. ^ a b c Placenames Database of Ireland. "Cootehill". Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  8. ^ a b Placenames Database of Ireland. "Munnilly". Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  9. ^ "The enigma of the 'French' linen-weavers of Cootehill and Swinford". historyireland.com. Vol. 24 no. 6. History Ireland. November 2016. In County Cavan, the Coote family, who had intermarried with the Hill family, created the town of Cootehill in the early 1700s
  10. ^ Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland available at LDS libraries. Randell, 1844. Online source [1]
  11. ^ The Origins of Modern Irish Socialism, 1881-1896 By Fintan Lane (page 23)
  12. ^ Jackson and Jane: Article by P. B. O Mordha in Clogher Historical Society. Traditional song sung by Paul Brady, "The Liberty Tapes," 2001 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2011. a cup at Cootehill you have twice won with fame, And this day we are challenged, and you must run againCS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Jonathan A. Smyth, 'The Establishment of Cootehill branch railway', Breifne, vol. x, no. 43. (2007)
  14. ^ "Cootehill station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 23 September 2007.
  15. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 December 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ User, Super. "Home - Sillan Coach Hire". www.sillan.ie. Archived from the original on 18 December 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  18. ^ "St. Aidan's Comprehensive School's Website". St. Aidan's Comprehensive School's Website. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  19. ^ Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King's College London, University of London; retrieved 23 March 2010

External links[edit]