Copa Perú

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Copa Perú
Country Perú
Founded 1967
Number of teams 50 (National Stage)
Level on pyramid 3
Promotion to Primera División
Segunda División
Current champions Sport Rosario (1st title)
(2016)
Most championships Torino (5 titles)
TV partners Gol Peru
2016 Copa Perú

The Copa Perú is a football tournament in Peru. Despite its name, it is not entirely an elimination-cup competition involving all Peruvian clubs, but rather a series of league tournaments leading to an elimination tournament, with regional league clubs as participants. It guarantees its winner promotion to the professional First Division and its runner-up promotion to the promotional Second Division.

History[edit]

In 1966, the First Division was named Descentralizado; teams from outside the capital of Lima were allowed to participate in the professional first division. The following year, the Copa Perú began, in which all non-professional teams in Peru were allowed to compete, with the winner to gain promotion to the First Division. After playing many elimination rounds, once six teams were left in the competition, they played in a final round-robin tournament in Lima.

In 1984, the First Division grew from 16 to 44 teams: after the first stage of the season, a Regional Championship qualified the teams for the Decentralizado, with 16 to 18 teams. The Copa Perú qualified teams for the Regional competition. Following this the tournament declined; 1987 was the last year in which a final was contested. The competitions was suspended as a result of the lack of interest and general economic crisis going on during President Alan García's first term. In 1992 the First Division returned to its normal format (16 teams). In 1993 the Copa Perú was returned as a competition for the Second Division, but only for teams outside of Lima. Since 1993 there has also been a Second Division for teams competing that are based in Lima.

In 1998, a major change took place: eight teams from the regional stage qualified for the Finals stage. This was played as a traditional cup tournament with home and away legs being played. The winner gains promotion to the First Division. In 2004, the tournament widened to 16 teams, so that teams from Lima could also compete. The winner and runner-up of the Second Division played in the Round of 16 of the Copa Peru. However, in 2006 this format was abolished as now the winner of the Second Division is promoted to the First Division. In 2008, the National Stage was modified. The four teams that qualified for the semi-finals played in a final group stage; the top two were promoted to the First Division.

In 2009, the Peruvian Football Federation officialized the creation of the Ligas Superiores del Peru. The Ligas Superiores will group to a select group of clubs of each department, that will be faced only among itself and will throw a champion and a runner-up that will agree directly, for now, to play a home run against the clubs that remain first and second in the Departmental Stage. For 2009, nine Departmental Confederacies had adopted them: Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Huánuco, Lambayeque, Pasco, Piura, Puno and Tumbes.

Format[edit]

The tournament has 5 stages. The first stage of the tournament is the District Stage (Spanish: Etapa Distrital), played from February to May. Districts hold a small league tournament to determine its winners which will qualify for the next stage. The second stage is the Provincial Stage (Spanish: Etapa Provincial), played in June and July. The District winners play in groups and the winners qualify for the next stage. The third stage is the Departmental Stage (Spanish: Etapa Departamental), consisting of another league tournament, between July and September.

Starting in 2015 under the leadership of the new Peruvian Football Federation president Edwin Oviedo, all the Regions of Peru are represented in the National Stage, which is played under Regional using the POT System, intellectual property of MatchVision company. The new National Stage starts in the first week of September.

This new phase features the 50 teams that qualified from the Departmental Stage. Each team plays 3 games at home and 3 games away, for a total of 6 games against 3 different geographical rivals. The departmental stage winners only play against departmental runner-ups, and vice versa. All the teams are positioned in one general table. After 6 matches, the team in places 1 to 8 are qualified directly to the Round of 16, while the teams in places 9 to 24 will play the Repechage phase. The teams in places 25 to 50 are eliminated.

The teams play a bracket tournament up to the Semi-finals. All four teams qualified to the semi-finals play a final group stage known as La Finalísima in Lima. The winner of the final group stage is promoted to the Torneo Descentralizado and the runner-up of the final group stage will be promoted to the Peruvian Segunda División.

Champions[edit]

Season Champion Runner-up Third Place
1967 Alfonso Ugarte (Ch) Octavio Espinosa Juan Aurich
1968 Carlos A. Mannucci Sport Chorrillos Colegio Nacional Iquitos
1969 Carlos A. Mannucci Melgar San Lorenzo
1970 Torino Melgar Unión Ocopilla
Colegio Nacional Iquitos
1971 Melgar Unión Tumán José Gálvez
1972 Grau León de Huánuco Deportivo Junín
1973 Sportivo Huracán Cienciano Deportivo Pucalá
1974
No Tournament
1975 Torino Sportivo Huracán Compañía Peruana de Teléfonos
1976 Coronel Bolognesi Pesca Perú Sport Ancash
1977 Torino Juventud La Palma Pesca Perú
1978 Juventud La Palma Pesca Perú Universidad Técnica de Cajamarca
1979 Asociación Deportiva Tarma Comercial Aguas Verdes Defensor Lima
Deportivo Garcilaso
1980 León de Huánuco Unión Gonzáles Prada Los Aguerridos
1981 Universidad Técnica de Cajamarca Juventud La Palma Grau
1982 Torino Grau Cantolao
1983 Sport Pilsen Deportivo Cañaña Barcelona (S)
1984 Los Espartanos Alianza Atlético Universitario (T)
1985 Hungaritos Agustinos Tejidos La Unión Sport Bolívar
1986 Deportivo Cañaña Félix Donayre Deportivo Camaná
1987 Libertad Capitán Clavero Bancos Unidos
1988–1992
No Tournament
1993 Aurich–Cañaña Aurora Mariano Santos
1994 Torino Aurora José Gálvez
1995 La Loretana Sportivo Huracán Marsa
1996 José Gálvez Universidad Técnica de Cajamarca Coronel Bolognesi
1997 Juan Aurich UPAO Cultural Hidro
1998 I.M.I. Coronel Bolognesi Alfonso Ugarte
Telefunken 20
1999 UPAO Alfonso Ugarte Deportivo Educación
Estudiantes de Medicina
2000 Estudiantes de Medicina Coronel Bolognesi Grau
León de Huánuco
2001 Coronel Bolognesi Universidad Cesar Vallejo León de Huánuco
Universidad Nacional de Ucayali
2002 Atlético Universidad Grau León de Huánuco
Colegio Nacional Iquitos
2003 Universidad Cesar Vallejo Deportivo Educación Abraham Valdelomar
Enersur
2004 Sport Áncash Municipal Senati
Alfonso Ugarte (P)
2005 José Gálvez Senati Minero
Tambillo Grande
2006 Total Clean Hijos de Acosvinchos Juan Aurich
Deportivo Ingeniería
2007 Juan Aurich Sport Águila IDUNSA
Deportivo Hospital
2008 Sport Huancayo Colegio Nacional Iquitos Torino
2009 León de Huánuco Tecnólogico Defensor San José
Diablos Rojos
2010 Unión Comercio Alianza Unicachi Asociación Deportiva Tarma
Deportivo Hospital
2011 Real Garcilaso Pacífico Alianza Universidad
Los Caimanes
2012 Universidad Técnica de Cajamarca Alfonso Ugarte Alianza Cristiana
Sport Victoria
2013 San Simón Unión Huaral Alipio Ponce
Willy Serrato
2014 Sport Loreto Fuerza Minera La Bocana
Sport Águila
2015 La Bocana Cantolao Alfredo Salinas
Cristal Tumbes
2016 Sport Rosario Hualgayoc Binacional

Titles by club[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years Runners-up years
Torino 5 0 1970, 1975, 1977, 1982, 1994
Coronel Bolognesi 2 2 1976, 2001 1998, 2000
León de Huánuco 2 1 1980, 2009 1972
Universidad Técnica de Cajamarca 2 1 1981, 2012 1996
Carlos A. Mannucci 2 0 1968, 1969
José Gálvez 2 0 1996, 2005
Juan Aurich 2 0 1997, 2007
Grau 1 2 1972 1982, 2002
Juventud La Palma 1 2 1978 1977, 1981
Melgar 1 2 1971 1969, 1970
Sportivo Huracán 1 2 1973 1975, 1995
Deportivo Cañaña 1 1 1986 1983
Universidad César Vallejo 1 1 2003 2001
UPAO 1 1 1999 1997
Alfonso Ugarte (Ch) 1 0 1967
Asociación Deportiva Tarma 1 0 1979
Atlético Universidad 1 0 2002
Aurich–Cañaña 1 0 1993
Estudiantes de Medicina 1 0 2000
Hungaritos Agustinos 1 0 1985
I.M.I. 1 0 1998
La Bocana 1 0 2015
La Loretana 1 0 1995
Libertad 1 0 1987
Los Espartanos 1 0 1984
Real Garcilaso 1 0 2011
San Simón 1 0 2013
Sport Ancash 1 0 2004
Sport Huancayo 1 0 2008
Sport Loreto 1 0 2014
Sport Pilsen 1 0 1983
Sport Rosario 1 0 2016
Total Clean 1 0 2006
Unión Comercio 1 0 2010

Titles by region[edit]

Region Nº of titles Clubs
La Libertad 8 Carlos A. Mannucci (2), Alfonso Ugarte (Ch) (1), Los Espartanos (1), Libertad (1), Sport Pilsen (1), UPAO (1), Universidad César Vallejo (1)
Piura 8 Torino (5), Grau (1), I.M.I. (1), La Bocana (1)
Arequipa 4 Melgar (1), Sportivo Huracán (1), Atlético Universidad (1), Total Clean (1)
Lambayeque 4 Juan Aurich (2), Deportivo Cañaña (1), Aurich–Cañaña (1)
Ancash 4 José Gálvez (2), Sport Áncash (1), Sport Rosario (1)
Cajamarca 2 Universidad Técnica de Cajamarca (2)
Huánuco 2 León de Huánuco (2)
Junín 2 Asociación Deportiva Tarma (1), Sport Huancayo (1)
Tacna 2 Coronel Bolognesi (2)
Ucayali 2 La Loretana (1), Sport Loreto (1)
Cusco 1 Real Garcilaso (1)
Ica 1 Estudiantes de Medicina (1)
Lima 1 Juventud La Palma (1)
Loreto 1 Hungaritos Agustinos (1)
Moquegua 1 San Simón (1)
San Martín 1 Unión Comercio (1)

External links[edit]