Copa del Rey

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For other uses, see Copa del Rey (disambiguation).
Copa del Rey
Copa del Rey logo since 2012.png
Founded 1903
Region  Spain
Number of teams 83
Domestic cup(s) Supercopa de España
International cup(s) UEFA Europa League
Current champions Barcelona
Most successful club(s) Barcelona
(28 titles)
Television broadcasters List of broadcasters
Website rfef.es
2015–16 Copa del Rey

The Copa del Rey (English: King's Cup) is an annual football cup competition for Spanish football teams. Its full name is Campeonato de España - Copa de Su Majestad el Rey de Fútbol (Championship of Spain - Cup of His Majesty the King of Football), and is commonly known as La Copa.

The competition was founded in 1903, thus making it the oldest Spanish football competition. Typically, the winner of Copa del Rey goes to the UEFA Europa League; unless they qualify for the UEFA Champions League.

Barcelona are the current holders, who won their 28th Copa del Rey against Sevilla at the 2016 Copa del Rey Final held at the Vicente Calderón Stadium.

History[edit]

In 1902, a competition under the name Copa de la Coronación, was played after Carlos Padrós, later president of Real Madrid, suggested a football tournament to celebrate the coronation of King Alfonso XIII. Four other teams joined Madrid FC for the competition: FC Barcelona, Club Español de Foot-Ball, New Foot-Ball de Madrid and Club Bizcaya (a team made up of players from Athletic Club and Bilbao FC) which eventually defeated Barcelona in the final. That cup is on display in the Athletic Bilbao museum and the club includes the victory in its honours list. Nevertheless, it is considered only the forerunner of the Copa del Rey and the Royal Spanish Football Federation officially doesn't recognize it.[1][2]

Copa del Rey was Spain's football National Championship from 1903[3] until the foundation of the Campeonato de Liga — League Championship — in 1928. It was initially known as the Copa del Ayuntamiento de Madrid (Madrid City Council's Cup). Between 1905 and 1932, it was known as the Copa de Su Majestad El Rey Alfonso XIII (His Majesty King Alfonso XIII's Cup). During the Second Spanish Republic, it was known as the Copa del Presidente de la República (President of the Republic Cup) or Copa de España (Spanish Cup) and during the years of Francisco Franco's dictatorship, it was known as the Copa de Su Excelencia El Generalísimo or Copa del Generalísimo (His Excellency, The Supreme General's Cup).[3] Athletic Bilbao were declared winners in 1904 after their opponents Español de Madrid failed to show up. In both 1910 and 1913, there was a split among the clubs and two rival associations, the Unión Española de Clubs de Fútbol and the Federación Española de Fútbol, organised rival competitions, the Copa UECF and the Copa FEF. In 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, clubs in the Republican area of Spain entered the Copa de la España Libre, with Levante beating their city rivals Valencia 1–0 in the final. (Although in 2007 the Congress of Deputies urged Royal Spanish Football Federation to recognise it as a Copa del Rey win for Levante,[4] the governing body of Spanish football has not made a decision yet.)[5]

Because of the dispute regarding the 1902 competition, the statistics regarding the leading winners are also disputed. Barcelona have won the Copa 28 times; Athletic Bilbao are just behind, with either 24 or 23 titles, depending on the source. Throughout the history of the competition, there have been 12 actual trophies. Trophies have been permanently awarded to clubs for winning the competition either three times in a row or on five separate occasions and for other special reasons. Thus, four trophies have been permanently awarded to Barcelona, three to Bilbao and one to Real Madrid. Athletic Bilbao kept the first trophy as inaugural winners, Sevilla FC were awarded the Trofeo del Generalísimo in 1939 and Atlético Madrid, winners the previous year, were awarded the 11th trophy following the death of Francisco Franco. In December 2010, the cup was given to Sevilla, the 2010 winners, to keep in honour of Spain's World Cup victory.[6]

Before the formation of La Liga in 1929, the competition was effectively a national championship. Teams qualified to enter via their regional leagues. Over the years, various formats, including group stages have been used. Unlike the English FA Cup, entry is limited. Only teams from the Primera División, Segunda A, about 23 teams from the Segunda B and the Tercera División champions (or runners-up if the champion is a reserve team) are invited to enter. The early rounds are one-off games with teams from the lower divisions given home advantage. The round of 32, the round of 16, the quarter-finals, and semi-finals are played over two legs. The final is a one-off game played at a neutral venue. The winners qualify for both the Supercopa de España and the UEFA Europa League the following season.

Trophy[edit]

22 December 2010, at an extraordinary general meeting of the Royal Spanish Football Federation, Sevilla FC requested permission from the Federation to keep the trophy they had won in the 2010 final to commemorate the victory of the Spanish national team at the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa. There had been a precedent for this; Real Madrid were allowed to keep the last Copa de la República (1936), Sevilla, the first Copa del Generalísimo (1939) and, Atlético Madrid, the last Copa del Generalísimo (1976).

A new trophy was made by Madrid jeweller Federico Alegre. The trophy, made of silver, weighs 15 kg (33 lb) and is 75 cm (30 in) tall. On 21 April 2011, Real Madrid became the first recipients of the trophy. During the post-game celebrations, the trophy was accidentally dropped at Plaza de Cibeles by the Real Madrid player Sergio Ramos from the top of a double-decker bus, which then ran over it. Ten pieces were found by civil servicemen when they recovered it from the ground. The club received a copy which is displayed at Santiago Bernabéu.[7][8]

List of finals[edit]

Season Location Winner Runner-up Score
1903 Hipódromo, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Madrid FC 3–2
1904 Tiro del Pichón, Madrid Athletic Bilbao --- No Final
1905 Tiro del Pichón, Madrid Madrid FC Athletic Bilbao 1–0
1906 Hipódromo, Madrid Madrid FC Athletic Bilbao 4–1
1907 Hipódromo, Madrid Madrid FC Bizcaya 1–0
1908 O'Donnell, Madrid Madrid FC Real Vigo Sporting 2–1
1909 O'Donnell, Madrid Real Sociedad Español de Madrid 3–1
1910 FEF Tiro del Pichón, Madrid Barcelona Español de Madrid 3–2
1910 UECF Ondarreta, San Sebastián Athletic Bilbao Vasconia 1–0
1911 Josaleta, Getxo Athletic Bilbao RCD Espanyol 3–1
1912 La Industria, Barcelona Barcelona Gimnástica 2–0
1913 FEF O'Donnell, Madrid Racing de Irún Athletic Bilbao 1–0
1913 UECF La Industria, Barcelona Barcelona Real Sociedad 2–1
1914 Costorbe, Irún Athletic Bilbao Espanya 2–1
1915 Amute, Irún Athletic Bilbao RCD Español 5–0
1916 La Industria, Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Madrid FC 4–0
1917 La Industria, Barcelona Madrid FC Arenas 2–1
1918 O'Donnell, Madrid Real Unión Madrid FC 2–0
1919 Martínez Campos, Madrid Arenas Barcelona 5–2
1920 El Molinón, Gijón Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 2–0
1921 San Mamés, Bilbao Athletic Bilbao Atlético Madrid 4–1
1922 Coia, Vigo Barcelona Real Unión 5–1
1923 Les Corts, Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Europa 1–0
1924 Atotxa, San Sebastián Real Unión Real Madrid 1–0
1925 Reina Victoria, Sevilla Barcelona Arenas 2–0
1926 Mestalla, Valencia Barcelona Atlético Madrid 3–2
1927 Torrero, Zaragoza Real Unión Arenas 1–0
1928 El Sardinero, Santander Barcelona Real Sociedad 3–1
1928–29 Mestalla, Valencia RCD Español Real Madrid 2–1
1930 Montjuïc, Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Real Madrid 3–2
1931 Chamartín, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Betis 3–1
1932 Chamartín, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Barcelona 1–0
1933 Montjuïc, Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Madrid 2–1
1934 Montjuïc, Barcelona Madrid Valencia 2–1
1935 Chamartín, Madrid Sevilla Sabadell 3–0
1936 Mestalla, Valencia Madrid Barcelona 2–1
1936–1939
Not played due to Spanish Civil War.
1939 Montjuïc, Barcelona Sevilla Racing de Ferrol 6–2
1940 Campo de Vallecas, Madrid RCD Español Real Madrid 3–2
1941 Chamartín, Madrid Valencia RCD Español 3–1
1942 Chamartín, Madrid Barcelona Atlético Bilbao 4–3
1943 Estadio Metropolitano, Madrid Atlético Bilbao Real Madrid 1–0
1944 Montjuïc, Barcelona Atlético Bilbao Valencia 2–0
1944–45 Montjuïc, Barcelona Atlético Bilbao Valencia 3–2
1946 Montjuïc, Barcelona Real Madrid Valencia 3–1
1947 Riazor, A Coruña Real Madrid RCD Español 2–0
1947–48 Chamartín, Madrid Sevilla Celta de Vigo 4–1
1948–49 Chamartín, Madrid Valencia Atlético Bilbao 1–0
1949–50 Chamartín, Madrid Atlético Bilbao Valladolid 4–1
1951 Chamartín, Madrid Barcelona Real Sociedad 3–0
1952 Chamartín, Madrid Barcelona Valencia 4–2
1952–53 Chamartín, Madrid Barcelona Atlético Bilbao 2–1
1954 Chamartín, Madrid Valencia Barcelona 3–0
1955 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Bilbao Sevilla 1–0
1956 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Bilbao Atlético Madrid 2–1
1957 Montjuïc, Barcelona Barcelona RCD Español 1–0
1958 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Bilbao Real Madrid 2–0
1958–59 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Barcelona Granada 4–1
1959–60 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Madrid Real Madrid 3–1
1960–61 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Madrid Real Madrid 3–2
1961–62 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Real Madrid Sevilla 2–1
1962–63 Camp Nou, Barcelona Barcelona Zaragoza 3–1
1963–64 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Zaragoza Atlético Madrid 2–1
1964–65 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Madrid Zaragoza 1–0
1965–66 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Zaragoza Atlético Bilbao 2–0
1966–67 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Valencia Atlético Bilbao 2–1
1967–68 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Barcelona Real Madrid 1–0
1969 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Bilbao Elche 1–0
1969–70 Camp Nou, Barcelona Real Madrid Valencia 3–1
1970–71 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Barcelona Valencia 4–3
1971–72 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Madrid Valencia 2–1
1972–73 Vicente Calderón, Madrid Atlético Bilbao Castellón 2–0
1973–74 Vicente Calderón, Madrid Real Madrid Barcelona 4–0
1974–75 Vicente Calderón, Madrid Real Madrid Atlético Madrid 0–0 (4–3 pen.)
1975–76 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Madrid Zaragoza 1–0
1976–77 Vicente Calderón, Madrid Betis Athletic Bilbao 2–2 (8–7 pen.)
1977–78 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Barcelona Las Palmas 3–1
1978–79 Vicente Calderón, Madrid Valencia Real Madrid 2–0
1979–80 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Real Madrid Castilla‡‡ 6–1
1980–81 Vicente Calderón, Madrid Barcelona Sporting de Gijón 3–1
1981–82 José Zorrilla, Valladolid Real Madrid Sporting de Gijón 2–1
1982–83 La Romareda, Zaragoza Barcelona Real Madrid 2–1
1983–84 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Barcelona 1–0
1984–85 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Madrid Athletic Bilbao 2–1
1985–86 Vicente Calderón, Madrid Zaragoza Barcelona 1–0
1986–87 La Romareda, Zaragoza Real Sociedad Atlético Madrid 2–2 (4–2 pen.)
1987–88 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Barcelona Real Sociedad 1–0
1988–89 Vicente Calderón, Madrid Real Madrid Valladolid 1–0
1989–90 Luis Casanova, Valencia Barcelona Real Madrid 2–0
1990–91 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Madrid Mallorca 1–0
1991–92 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Madrid Real Madrid 2–0
1992–93 Luis Casanova, Valencia Real Madrid Zaragoza 2–0
1993–94 Vicente Calderón, Madrid Zaragoza Celta de Vigo 0–0 (5–4 pen.)
1994–95 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Deportivo La Coruña Valencia 2–1
1995–96 La Romareda, Zaragoza Atlético Madrid Barcelona 1–0 (a.e.t.)
1996–97 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Barcelona Betis 3–2 (a.e.t.)
1997–98 Mestalla, Valencia Barcelona Mallorca 1–1 (5–4 pen.)
1998–99 La Cartuja, Seville Valencia Atlético Madrid 3–0
1999–2000 Mestalla, Valencia Espanyol Atlético Madrid 2–1
2000–01 La Cartuja, Seville Zaragoza Celta de Vigo 3–1
2001–02 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Deportivo La Coruña Real Madrid 2–1
2002–03 Martínez Valero, Elche Mallorca Recreativo 3–0
2003–04 Lluís Companys, Barcelona Zaragoza Real Madrid 3–2 (a.e.t.)
2004–05 Vicente Calderón, Madrid Betis Osasuna 2–1 (a.e.t.)
2005–06 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Espanyol Zaragoza 4–1
2006–07 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Sevilla Getafe 1–0
2007–08 Vicente Calderón, Madrid Valencia Getafe 3–1
2008–09 Mestalla, Valencia Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 4–1
2009–10 Camp Nou, Barcelona Sevilla Atlético Madrid 2–0
2010–11 Mestalla, Valencia Real Madrid Barcelona 1–0 (a.e.t.)
2011–12 Vicente Calderón, Madrid Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 3–0
2012–13 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid Atlético Madrid Real Madrid 2–1 (a.e.t.)
2013–14 Mestalla, Valencia Real Madrid Barcelona 2–1
2014–15 Camp Nou, Barcelona Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 3–1
2015–16 Vicente Calderón Barcelona Sevilla 2–0 (a.e.t.)

Camp nou, Barcelona 2-0 Sevilla ‡ Merged with Irún Sporting Club in 1915 to form Real Unión.

‡‡ Real Madrid's reserve team. Reserve teams were banned for this competition for first time in the 1990–91 competition.

Performances[edit]

Club Winners Last Final Won Runners-up Last Final Lost
Barcelona
28
2016
10
2014
Athletic Bilbao
23
1984
14
2015
Real Madrid
19
2014
20
2013
Atlético Madrid
10
2013
9
2010
Valencia
7
2008
9
1995
Zaragoza
6
2004
5
2006
Sevilla
5
2010
3
2016
Espanyol
4
2006
5
1957
Real Unión
4
1927
1
1922
Real Sociedad
2
1987
5
1988
Betis
2
2005
2
1997
Deportivo La Coruña
2
2002
Arenas
1
1919
3
1927
Mallorca
1
2003
2
1998
Celta de Vigo
3
2001
Getafe
2
2008
Valladolid
2
1989
Sporting de Gijón
2
1982
Español de Madrid
2
1910
Osasuna
1
2005
Recreativo
1
2003
Castilla CF‡‡
1
1980
Las Palmas
1
1978
Castellón
1
1973
Elche
1
1969
Granada
1
1959
Racing de Ferrol
1
1939
Sabadell
1
1935
Europa
1
1923
Espanya
1
1914
Gimnástica
1
1912
Real Vigo Sporting
1
1908
Bizcaya
1
1907

‡ Counting the 1913 win by Racing de Irún, which merged with Irún Sporting Club in 1915 to form Real Unión.
‡‡ Real Madrid's reserve team. Reserve teams were banned for this competition for first time in the 1990–91 competition.

Leading goalscorers (Top 10)[edit]

Rank Name Nat. Pos. Years Goals Total
1 Telmo Zarra Spain FW 1939-1957 81 Athletic Bilbao 81 [9]
2 Samitier, JosepJosep Samitier Spain MF 1919–1934 65 Barcelona CF + 5 Real Madrid 70 [10]
3 Guillermo Gorostiza Spain FW 1929–1946 37 Athletic Bilbao + 25 Valencia CF 62 [11]
4 Quini Spain FW 1968–1987 38 Sporting de Gijón + 17 Barcelona CF 55
5 Edmundo Suárez Spain FW 1939–1950 52 Valencia CF 52 [12]
6 Puskás, FerencFerenc Puskás Hungary Spain FW 1958–1962 49 Real Madrid 49 [13]
7 Kubala, LászlóLászló Kubala Hungary Spain FW 1951–1965 49 Barcelona CF 49
8 Santillana Spain FW 1970–1988 48 Real Madrid 48 [14]
9 César Rodríguez Álvarez Spain FW 1939–1960 3 Granada CF + 36 Barcelona CF + 8 Elche CF 47
10 Ramón Polo Pardo Spain FW 1923–1935 45 Celta de Vigo 45 [15]

Club name changes[edit]

Other Copas del Rey[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Spain – Cup 1902". www.rsssf.com. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. 
  2. ^ "La FEF no reconocerá al Barça la Liga del año 1937". As.com (in Spanish). 25 May 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Palmarés". Diario Marca. Retrieved 6 January 2010. 
  4. ^ "El Levante, a un paso de la Copa... de 1937". El Pais. 
  5. ^ "Trophy Villar Cup delay Levante". www.levante-emv.com (News Sports). Retrieved 4 March 2008. 
  6. ^ "El Sevilla se queda en propiedad con la Copa del Rey gracias a España". MARCA.COM. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "La Copa 'suplente' ya está en la sala de trofeos del Bernabéu". MARCA.COM. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  8. ^ Tremlett, Giles (21 April 2011). "Real Madrid player Sergio Ramos drops Spanish cup under a bus". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  9. ^ Athletic Club. "Athletic Club". athletic-club.eus. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  10. ^ Super Utilisateur. "Ficha José SAMITIER Vilalta". elaguanis.com. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  11. ^ Athletic Club. "Athletic Club". athletic-club.eus. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  12. ^ Redacción Ciberche. "Estadisticas de todos los jugadores del Valencia CF". ciberche.net. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  13. ^ Super Utilisateur. "Ficha Ferenç PUSKAS Biro". elaguanis.com. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  14. ^ Super Utilisateur. "Ficha Carlos Alonso González "SANTILLANA"". elaguanis.com. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  15. ^ "Grandes y pequeños jugadores del Celta de Vigo: RAMÓN POLO". yojugueenelcelta.com. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 

External links[edit]