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PresidentRoberto Enriquez
General secretaryJesús Alberto Barrios
FounderRafael Caldera
FoundedJanuary 13, 1946
HeadquartersAvenida La Gloria, El Bosque, Caracas
Youth wingJuventud Demócrata Cristiana
IdeologyChristian democracy
Political positionCentre-right
National affiliationDemocratic Unity Roundtable
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International
Regional affiliationChristian Democrat Organization of America
Colors     Green
National Assembly
1 / 165
States' Governors
0 / 23
15 / 337

COPEI, also called Social Christian Party (Spanish: Partido Socialcristiano) or Green Party (Spanish: Partido Verde), is a Christian democratic party in Venezuela. The acronym stands for Comité de Organización Política Electoral Independiente ("Independent Political Electoral Organization Committee"), but this provisional full name has fallen out of use.[1]

It was founded on January 13, 1946, by Rafael Caldera, who later served as president under the party's banner.[1] Copei and Democratic Action dominated Venezuelan politics from 1958 to 1993. The only other Copei member to become president of Venezuela was Luis Herrera Campins, between 1979 and 1983. The party's leaders were Lorenzo Fernández, Eduardo Fernández and Oswaldo Álvarez Paz.

In the 2000 legislative elections the party won five of 165 seats in the National Assembly; four additional seats were won by an alliance with Democratic Action. In the 2005 legislative elections Copei staged an electoral boycott and so did not win any seats in the National Assembly. In the 2010 parliamentary election, Copei was part of the broad oppositional Coalition for Democratic Unity and won eight of the 165 seats.

Venezuelan Presidents by COPEI[edit]

President Dates in office Form of entry Occupation
Rafael Caldera 1969–1974 Direct elections Lawyer
Luis Herrera Campins 1979–1984 Direct elections Lawyer

National leaders of COPEI[edit]


  1. ^ a b Crisp, Brian F.; Levine, Daniel H.; Molina, Jose E. (2003), "The Rise and Decline of COPEI in Venezuela", Christian Democracy in Latin America: Electoral Competition and Regime Conflicts, Stanford University Press, p. 275, ISBN 9780804745987

External links[edit]