Copenhagen Airport

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Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup

Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup
Copenhagen Airports Logo.svg
Copenhagen airport from air.jpg
Airport typePublic
OwnerKøbenhavns Lufthavne
ServesCopenhagen, Denmark and Malmö, Sweden
LocationKastrup, Tårnby, Copenhagen, Denmark
Opened20 April 1925 (95 years ago) (1925-04-20)
Hub for
Focus city forDAT
Elevation AMSL5 m / 17 ft
Coordinates55°37′05″N 012°39′22″E / 55.61806°N 12.65611°E / 55.61806; 12.65611Coordinates: 55°37′05″N 012°39′22″E / 55.61806°N 12.65611°E / 55.61806; 12.65611
CPH is located in Denmark
Location within Denmark
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04L/22R 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
04R/22L 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
12/30 2,800 9,186 Asphalt/concrete
Statistics (2019)
Aircraft movementsIncrease263,411[1]
Source: AIP[2]

Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup, pronounced [kʰøpm̩ˈhɑwns ˈlɔftˌhɑwˀn ˈkʰæˌstʁɔp]; IATA: CPH, ICAO: EKCH) is the main international airport serving Copenhagen, Denmark, the rest of Zealand, the Øresund Region, and a large part of southern Sweden including Scania. It is the largest airport in the Nordic countries with close to 30.3 million passengers in 2019 and one of the oldest international airports in Europe. It is the third-busiest airport in Northern Europe, and the busiest for international travel in Scandinavia.[3]

The airport is located on the island of Amager, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Copenhagen city centre, and 24 kilometres (15 mi) west of Malmö city centre, which is connected to Copenhagen via the Øresund Bridge. The airport covers an area of 11.8 square kilometres (4.6 sq mi).[4] Most of the airport is situated in the municipality of Tårnby, with a small portion in the city of Dragør.

The airport is the main hub out of three used by Scandinavian Airlines and is also an operating base for Sunclass Airlines and Norwegian Air Shuttle. Copenhagen Airport handles around 60 scheduled airlines, and has a maximum operation capability of 83 operations/hour, and a total of 108 jet bridges and remote parking stands. Unlike other Scandinavian airports, most of the airport's passengers are international. In 2015, 6.1% of passengers travelled to and from other Danish airports, 83.5% to/from other European airports, and 10.4% were intercontinental passengers.[5] The airport is owned by Københavns Lufthavne, which also operates Roskilde Airport. The airport employs 1,700 people (not including employees in shops, restaurants, etc.).[6]

Copenhagen Airport was originally called Kastrup Airport, since it is located in the small town of Kastrup, now a part of the Tårnby municipality. The formal name of the airport is still Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, to distinguish it from Roskilde Airport, whose formal name is Copenhagen Airport, Roskilde.


The airport was inaugurated 20 April 1925 and was one of the first civil airports in the world. It consisted of a large, impressive terminal built of wood, a couple of hangars, a balloon mast, a hydroplane landing stage and a few grassy meadows that could be used as runways. The grass on the runways was kept short by sheep, which were shepherded away before take-offs and landings. From 1932 to 1939, takeoffs and landings increased from 6,000 to 50,000 and passenger number increased to 72,000. Between 1936 and 1939, a new terminal was built, considered one of the finest examples of Nordic functionalism. The terminal was designed by Vilhelm Lauritzen, who was considered a pioneer among architects, in terms not only of architecture and construction, but also of service and passenger comfort.[7]

In the years of World War II, the Copenhagen airport was closed for civil operations except for periodic flights to destinations in Sweden, Germany, and Austria. In the summer of 1941 the first hard-surface runway opened. It was 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) long and 65 metres (213 ft) wide. When World War II ended in May 1945, Copenhagen had the most modern international airport in Europe, because the airport remained untouched by actual acts of war.

On 1 August 1947, Scandinavian Airlines (SAS) was founded, an important event for the Copenhagen Airport, as Copenhagen was to be the main hub for the airline. Traffic increased rapidly in the first years SAS operated. On 26 January 1947, a KLM Douglas DC-3 "Dakota" crashed at the airport after stopping en route to Stockholm. 22 people on board died, including the Swedish prince Gustav Adolf and the American opera singer Grace Moore. In 1948 Copenhagen airport was third largest airport in Europe with 150 daily takeoffs and almost 300,000 passengers for the year. The airport continued its rapid growth. The terminal was expanded several times and new hangars were erected.

In 1954, Scandinavian Airlines begins the world's first trans-polar route, flying initially to Los Angeles. The route proved to be a publicity coup, and for some years Copenhagen became a popular transit point for Hollywood stars and producers flying to Europe – also the airport handled 11,000 tonnes of freight per year. In 1956, the airport handled 1 million passengers per year and won the award[clarification needed] for the world's best airport. The runways were lengthened and fitted with technically advanced equipment.

Kastrup Airport in the 1960s

By 10 May 1960, when the new airport terminal (now Terminal 2) was inaugurated, the daily number of jet operations had increased to 28, and still traffic kept on growing. The large new airport terminal soon became too small, and in 1969 yet another huge expansion programme was launched. Domestic traffic was relocated to a new domestic terminal (the eastern part of Terminal 1). The (current) international terminal was supplemented with a new pier (C) and a separate arrivals hall (the building between Terminals 2 and 3). A new control tower and 3,600 metres (11,800 ft) of additional runways allowed take-offs and landings to take place at the same time. When the comprehensive expansion was completed in 1972, the number of take-offs and landings exceeded 180,000 and there were more than eight million passengers.[8]

Throughout the 1970s, airport traffic continued to grow, but the airport was not expanded further. A new large airport located at the island of Saltholm (with a connecting bridge to Denmark and Sweden) was on the drawing board. It would be a huge investment, and the proposal was evaluated thoroughly by many experts. In 1980, however, the Danish parliament instead decided to expand the capacity of Copenhagen airport to 20–22 million passengers by the year 2000. This solution was far cheaper than building a new airport and because the new types of aircraft were less noisy, an airport on Saltholm did not offer a decisive environmental gain. In 1973 the airport handled 8 million passengers per year. The third (long) runway opened and the dual runway system (04L/22R-04R/22L) opened, strongly expanding the starts and landings capacity.

The expansion of the airport began in 1982, after the necessary period of planning. The intention was not to build Europe's largest airport, but to build transit passengers' favourite airport. A stay at the airport was supposed to be an integral part of the travel experience. Efficiency and precision were obvious demands, but focus was also on generating an oasis where international travellers could relax: beautiful architecture, Scandinavian design, and pleasant, light, and comfortable surroundings with plenty of shops, restaurants, and other facilities providing enjoyment and pleasure. The new cargo terminal was built in the eastern area of the airport.

A number of important construction projects were completed in 1998: a pier connecting the domestic and international terminals; a new arrivals hall; new modern baggage handling facilities; an underground railway station with two large underground parking facilities with 2400 spaces opens; and above it all the spacious and impressive delta-shaped terminal (Terminal 3) with 17 million passengers capacity. The first stage of the new Pier D was completed in the spring of 1999.[9]

On 1 July 2000 the Øresund Bridge opened which connects Denmark and Sweden by motorway and train. In 2001 the five-star Hilton hotel opened with 382 rooms. In 2006 for the first time in its history Copenhagen airport exceeded 20 million passengers and reached 20,900,000 passengers. In October 2007 the metro station opened, connecting the airport to the Copenhagen Metro. A new control tower opened in 2008 by Naviair as part of a major renovation of the ATC system. Airport officials announced plans to build a new low-cost terminal at the facility. On 31 October 2010 the new low cost terminal CPH Go opened by easyJet.[10] In 2013 the airport handled a new record of 24,067,030 passengers. In 2014 CPH announced plans to increase capacity to 40 million passengers per year.[11] It reached 30 million in 2018.

From late 2015, the airport became the first in Scandinavia to have a regularly scheduled A380 service after Emirates started operating the plane for its Copenhagen route.[12][13]

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic the number of passengers fell dramatically during 2020. There were 7.525 million passengers this year, a majority of these in January and February when restrictions were yet not issued.[14]


Map showing the terminals and runways


Copenhagen Airport has two terminals for check-in, Terminals 2 and 3, which handle all flights and share a common airside passenger concourse as well as the arrivals section which houses customs and baggage claim and is physically located in Terminal 3. The airside is reached through a common security check located between Terminal 2 and Terminal 3.

The common airside passenger concourse is divided into piers, called A, B, C, D and F.[15] Pier A and B are for flights inside Schengen only. Pier C is mostly for flights outside Schengen. Pier D is mostly for flights inside Schengen. The newest section, CPH Go, now called Pier F, dedicated to low-cost carriers opened in October 2010. So far, EasyJet, Transavia and Ryanair are the only airlines operating from this facility. An all new Terminal 4 has been discussed, but replaced by plans to expand the current facilities in appropriate increments.[16] Copenhagen Airport says passengers have easy transfer possibilities.[17]

Previously all domestic flights departed from Terminal 1, but from 29 March 2015 all departures have been collected in Terminals 2 and 3,[18][19] and Pier C was expanded with another jetbridge at DKK 10M to facilitate the Emirates Airbus A380 to Dubai from December 2015,[20][21] which was the first 2-class A380 carrying 615 passengers.[13][22]

A new pier, to be called Pier E, is under construction and will be fully finished in 2020.[23]


Despite the short distance to the city centre, approaches to, and departures from, the airport are above water due to the heading of the dual parallel runway system (04R/22L & 04L/22R). Those runways point to the Øresund strait, close in both directions. The supplementary runway (30/12) oriented perpendicular to the main runways also has its approach or departure over Øresund in one direction. In the opposite direction, the 30/12 runway has noise restrictions as flight happens close over residential areas.[24] Other advantages are the low altitude of the airport and absence of hills and high buildings below the approach directions. In case of fog, the runway 22L is equipped with an ILS category III C system, which allows modern aircraft to land in zero sight. Runway 04R/22L was widened by 4 meters in each side at DKK 30M to accommodate the Airbus A380, as part of a general concrete renewal program of DKK 300M.[13][20][21]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Copenhagen Airport:

Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion, Kalamata, Rhodes
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Cairo Seasonal: Hurghada,[25] Sharm El Sheikh[25]
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson[26]
Air China Beijing–Capital[27]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Toulouse
Air Greenland Kangerlussuaq
Seasonal: Narsarsuaq
Charter: Thule
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau (begins 16 June 2021)[28]
airBaltic Riga, Tallinn[29]
Alsie Express Sønderborg[30]
AnadoluJet[31] Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen (begins 10 May 2021)[32]
Seasonal: Ankara, Konya
Atlantic Airways Vágar
Seasonal: Bastia
Seasonal charter: Innsbruck,[33]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Seasonal: Innsbruck
Blue Air Bucharest
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Seasonal charter: Burgas[34]
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Varna
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Chania, Rhodes
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Split[35]
Czech Airlines Prague
Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík
DAT Aalborg, Bornholm, Midtjylland
Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh[36]
easyJet Amsterdam,[37] Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin, Bristol, Edinburgh, Geneva, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa, Nantes, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Östersund
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai–International
Eurowings Düsseldorf
Finnair Helsinki
FlyErbil Erbil
Iberia Express Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Basra,[38] Najaf
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Norwegian Air Shuttle[39] Aalborg, Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bergen, Berlin, Budapest, Dublin, Edinburgh, Gdańsk, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, Kraków, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Munich, Nice, Oslo, Palanga, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Poznań, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Szczecin, Tel Aviv, Venice
Seasonal: Athens, Bastia, Burgas, Catania, Chania, Dubrovnik, Faro, Malta, Montpellier, Olbia, Sarajevo, Split, Varna,
Nouvelair Seasonal: Monastir[40]
Novair[41] Seasonal charter: Chania, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Rhodes, Tenerife–South
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökcen
Seasonal: Antalya
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Alicante, Bergamo, Bologna (resumes 2 May 2021), Budapest, Charleroi, Dublin, Edinburgh, Kaunas, Kraków, London-Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marseille (resumes 2 November 2021), Naples, Prague, Rome–Ciampino, Thessaloniki, Vienna[42][43]
Seasonal: Corfu (begins 2 July 2021),[44] Liverpool (resumes 1 November 2021),[45] London-Luton (resumes 31 October 2021),[46] Palma de Mallorca (begins 3 July 2021),[47] Porto (resumes 3 May 2021)
Scandinavian Airlines[48] Aalborg, Aarhus, Aberdeen, Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Bergen, Berlin, Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Boston, Brussels, Chicago–O'Hare, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Faro, Frankfurt, Gazipaşa, Gdańsk, Geneva, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Krakow, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Málaga, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Newark, Nice, Oslo, Palanga, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Poznań, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, Shanghai–Pudong, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tallinn, Tokyo–Haneda, Trondheim, Vagar, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Wrocław, Zurich
Seasonal: Bari, Beirut, Biarritz, Catania, Chania, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Florence, Gran Canaria, Larnaca, Lisbon, Miami, Montpellier, Naples, Olbia, Palermo, Pisa, Prague, Pula, Rhodes, Sälen-Trysil, Split, Thessaloniki, Tivat, Tromsø, Venice, Zadar
Seasonal charter: Dalaman,[49] Heraklion,[41] Ioannina[41] Hurghada,[41] Karpathos,[41] Kos,[41] Lemnos,[41] Mytilene,[41] Palma de Mallorca, Preveza/Lefkada,[41] Samos,[41] Santorini,[41] Skiathos,[41] Tirana,[41] Zakynthos
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu,[50] Helsinki (both suspended)[51][52]
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Sunclass Airlines[53] Charter: Gran Canaria, Tenerife–South
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Banjul, Chania, Funchal, Gazipaşa, Heraklion, Kos, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza/Lefkada, Rhodes, Sal, Skiathos, Varna
SunExpress Seasonal: Izmir, Konya
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon[54]
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Seasonal: Phuket
Transavia Eindhoven
TUI Airways Seasonal charter: Cancún,[49] Krabi,[49] Phuket,[49] Phu Quoc[49]
TUI fly Nordic[49] Seasonal charter: Boa Vista,[49] Sal[49]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Ukraine International Airlines Kyiv–Boryspil
Vueling Barcelona, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Alicante (begins 19 June 2021),[55] Málaga (begins 20 June 2021),[56] Palma de Mallorca (begins 20 June 2021)[57]
Widerøe Kristiansand, Sandefjord
Wizz Air Bucharest,[58] Kyiv–Zhuliany, Larnaca,[59] Saint Petersburg, Sarajevo (begins 20 May 2021),[60] Skopje, Sofia


DHL Aviation[citation needed] East Midlands, Leipzig/Halle, Madrid, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Emirates SkyCargo[61] Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Mexico City
FedEx Express[62] Paris–Charles de Gaulle
LATAM Cargo Brasil[63] Campinas
West Atlantic[64] Kristiansand


Passenger numbers[edit]

Passenger numbers at Copenhagen Airport[65]
handled[nb 1]
% Change
% Change
2001 18,082,158 Steady 288,738 Steady
2002 18,253,446 Increase0.9 266,896 Decrease 7.6
2003 17,707,742 Decrease3.0 259,002 Decrease 3.0
2004 19,034,557 Increase7.5 272,512 Increase 5.2
2005 19,980,301 Increase5.0 268,652 Decrease 1.4
2006 20,877,533 Increase4.5 258,354 Decrease 3.8
2007 21,409,886 Increase2.5 257,587 Decrease 0.3
2008 21,529,857 Increase0.6 264,086 Increase 2.5
2009 19,715,317 Decrease8.4 236,170 Decrease 10.6
2010 21,501,473 Increase9.1 245,635 Increase 4.0
2011 22,725,284 Increase5.7 253,759 Increase 3.3
2012 23,334,939 Increase2.7 242,990 Decrease 4.2
2013 24,066,917 Increase3.1 244,933 Increase 0.8
2014 25,627,093 Increase6.5 251,799 Increase 2.8
2015 26,608,869 Increase3.8 254,832 Increase 1.2
2016 29,043,287 Increase9.2 265,784 Increase 4.2
2017 29,177,833 Increase0.5 259,243 Decrease 2.5
2018[66] 30,298,531 Increase3.8 266,096 Increase 2.6
2019[1] 30,256,703 Decrease0.1 263,411 Decrease 1

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest European routes by passenger traffic (2015)[67]
United Kingdom London Gatwick Airport, Heathrow Airport, Stansted Airport 2,208,994
Norway Oslo Gardermoen Airport, Sandefjord Airport 1,537,226
Sweden Stockholm Arlanda Airport 1,465,317
Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol Airport 914,698
France Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly Airport 884,285
Finland Helsinki Helsinki Airport 784,737
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport 681,752
Germany Berlin Tegel Airport, Schönefeld Airport 636,576
Belgium Brussels Brussels National Airport 483,718
Turkey Istanbul Atatürk Airport, Sabiha Gökçen Airport 483,471
Norway Bergen Bergen Airport 468,733
Iceland ReykjavíkKeflavik Reykjavík–Keflavík Airport 437,514
Italy Rome Fiumicino Airport 428,777
Germany Munich Munich Airport 413,346
Switzerland Zürich Zurich Airport 410,238
Spain Barcelona El Prat Airport 402,061
Germany Düsseldorf Düsseldorf Airport 381,189
Italy Milan Malpensa Airport 373,903
Spain Málaga Costa del Sol Airport 366,585
Republic of Ireland Dublin Dublin Airport 315,118
Austria Vienna Schwechat Airport 302,939
United Kingdom Manchester Manchester Airport 299,966
Sweden Gothenburg Landvetter Airport 298,277
France Nice Côte d'Azur Airport 278,474
Norway Stavanger Stavanger Airport 266,779
Switzerland Geneva Geneva Airport 248,144
Spain Madrid Madrid–Barajas Airport 248,144
Top 15 busiest intercontinental routes from CPH (2019)[68]
Rank Airport All passengers Change
Operating airlines
1 Qatar Doha
Increase 26.7%
Qatar Airways
2 United States New York–JFK, New York–Newark
Decrease 6.8%
Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines
3 United Arab Emirates Dubai–International
Decrease 6.3%
Emirates, Norwegian
4 Thailand Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Decrease 2.8%
Norwegian, Thai Airways
5 China Beijing–Capital
Increase 10.8%
Air China, Scandinavian Airlines
6 Canada Toronto–Pearson
Increase 3.9%
Air Canada
7 United States San Francisco
Decrease 2.5%
Scandinavian Airlines
8 Japan Tokyo–Narita
Decrease 4.2%
Scandinavian Airlines
9 United States Chicago–O'Hare
Increase 2.1%
Scandinavian Airlines
10 United States Washington–Dulles
Increase 1.0%
Scandinavian Airlines
11 China Shanghai–Pudong
Decrease 8.8%
Scandinavian Airlines
12 Singapore Singapore
Increase 3.6%
Singapore Airlines
13 Hong Kong Hong Kong
Increase 95.2%
Scandinavian Airlines
14 India Delhi
Increase 8.3%
Air India
15 United States Boston
Scandinavian Airlines
Busiest intercontinental countries by passengers from CPH (2019)[68]
Rank Country Passengers
1 United States United States
Decrease 1%
Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines
2 Turkey Turkey
Increase 3%
Turkish Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, Pegasus Airlines, SunExpress, TUI fly Nordic, Sunclass Airlines, Jet Time, Danish Air Transport
3 China China
Increase 20%
Scandinavian Airlines, Air China, Sichuan Airlines
4 Qatar Qatar
Increase 26%
Qatar Airways
5 United Arab Emirates UAE
Decrease 1%
Emirates, Norwegian
6 Thailand Thailand
Decrease 1%
Thai Airways, Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia, Norwegian
7 Canada Canada
Increase 11%
Air Canada
8 Egypt Egypt
Decrease 1%
Scandinavian Airlines, EgyptAir, Norwegian, Air Cairo, Danish Air Transport, Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia
9 Japan Japan
Decrease 1%
Scandinavian Airlines
10 Singapore Singapore
Increase 3%
Singapore Airlines
11 India India
Increase 23%
Air India
12 Morocco Morocco
Decrease 25%
Norwegian, Air Arabia Maroc, Royal Air Maroc
13 Lebanon Lebanon
Increase 35%
Middle East Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines
14 Israel Israel
Decrease 1%
15 Jordan Jordan
Increase 32%
Royal Jordanian, Norwegian Air Shuttle
16 Iraq Iraq
Decrease 12%
Iraqi Airways
17 Pakistan Pakistan
Decrease 1%
Pakistan International Airlines
18 Dominican Republic Dominican Republic
Decrease 13%
TUI Airways
19 Tunisia Tunisia
Increase 280%
20 The Gambia The Gambia
Increase 403%
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia
21 Mexico Mexico
Decrease 10%
TUI Airways
22 Vietnam Vietnam
Decrease 26%
TUI Airways
23 Mauritius Mauritius
Decrease 57%
TUI Airways
Busiest domestic routes by passenger traffic (2016)[67]
Aalborg Aalborg Airport 890,706
Bornholm Bornholm Airport 256,913
Aarhus Aarhus Airport 194,782
Billund Billund Airport 151,201
Karup Midtjyllands Airport 148,508

Other facilities[edit]

The SAS traffic office resides at Copenhagen Airport South and in Dragør, Dragør Municipality together with a VIP-terminal. The VIP-terminal is actually the first terminal building, from the 1920s. It was moved about 2 km during the 1990s.

In 2015, Boeing opened a maintenance, repair, and operations facility at CPH, as proximity to daily operations is more important than high wages when checks have to be made every 1,000 flight hours.[70]

Ground transport[edit]

Within the airport area, special airport buses depart every 15 minutes. The bus line connects all terminals and parking lot areas and uses in all 11 bus stops. The transport is free of charge for all. During a few night hours, the buses depart every 20 minutes instead.[71]


Train towards Copenhagen Central Station at the Copenhagen Airport train station

The airport's station is located underneath Terminal 3 on the Øresund Railway Line.

  • The station is served by trains operated by DSB Øresund as part of the Øresundståg service. These trains, running as local services between Copenhagen city centre and Helsingør, have a dense stopping pattern inside Denmark. Øresundståg also operates regional and intercity trains to destinations across the south of Sweden: Malmö, Gothenburg, Kalmar, Karlskrona, and Kristianstad.
  • DSB, the Danish national rail operator, have InterCity and InterCityExpress trains calling at this station. Domestic destinations include Esbjerg, Aarhus, Aalborg and Sønderborg. DSB additionally runs trains to border cities of Germany and Sweden, such as Flensburg (Germany) and Ystad (Sweden), where a ferry connects the station to the Danish island of Bornholm.
  • Swedish SJ runs several high-speed trains with daily departures between Copenhagen central station (København H) and Stockholm central station (Stockholm C) and Gothenburg (Göteborg). These trains all call at the Copenhagen Airport station (København Lufthavn/Kastrup).


Line M2 of the Copenhagen Metro links the airport with the city centre in around 15 minutes. The Metro station is two floors above the underground rail station and continues on elevated tracks until it goes underground after 5 stations. The metro trains run very frequently, in rush hours every four minutes, outside rush hours and on weekends every six minutes, and every 15/20 minutes at night.


  • Movia buses 5C, 35, 36 and Gråhundbus line 999 all stop at the airport; bus 888, express-bus to Jutland, also stops at the airport. Movia bus 2A stops near the airport. There are long-distance buses to Sweden and Norway operated by Swebus: 820 to Oslo via Gothenburg and 832 to Uppsala via Stockholm. GoByBus and Bus4You also operate the same routes.
  • The E20 motorway runs right by the airport. The E20 uses the toll road Øresund Bridge to Sweden. The airport has 8,600 parking spaces.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

A Douglas Dakota, similar to the KLM aircraft that crashed in 1947
  • 26 January 1947 (1947-01-26): Douglas Dakota (DC-3), PH-TCR of KLM crashed after takeoff from Copenhagen, killing all 22 on board, including Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden (father of present king Carl XVI Gustaf) and American singer and actress Grace Moore. The delayed KLM flight from Amsterdam had landed at Copenhagen for a routine stop before continuing to Stockholm. Soon after the Douglas DC-3 aircraft took off, it climbed to an altitude of about 50 metres (150 feet), stalled, and plummeted nose-first to the ground where it exploded on impact. The investigation showed that the crash had been caused by a forgotten elevator gust lock. Short of time, the captain never performed his checklist and took off not realising the lock was still in place. See 1947 KLM Douglas DC-3 Copenhagen accident.
  • 17 November 1957 (1957-11-17): Vickers Viscount G-AOHP of British European Airways crashed at Ballerup after the failure of three engines on approach to Copenhagen Airport. The cause was a malfunction of the anti-icing system on the aircraft.[72]
  • 28 August 1971 (1971-08-28): a Malév Ilyushin Il-18, HA-MOC crashed into the sea while executing an instrument approach. The main cause of the accident was microburst, a particularly dangerous and unpredictable meteorological phenomenon. 23 passengers and the crew of nine died. Two passengers survived. The captain of the plane was World War II flying ace of the Royal Hungarian Air Force, Dezső Szentgyörgyi. He was due to retire in less than three weeks.

In fiction[edit]

Copenhagen airport is used in several Danish and other Scandinavian films. The American-German 1971 Warren Beatty and Goldie Hawn film Dollars unfolds mainly at Hamburg, but a part of the film takes place also here. Dawn Divine (portrayed by Goldie Hawn) tails a man to Copenhagen in order to establish whether he is a crook, and all scenes in Copenhagen unfold at the airport.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Number of passengers including domestic, international and transit


  1. ^ a b c d e "CPH traffic data: Close to 30.3 million passengers in 2019". Copenhagen Airports A/S. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  2. ^ "EKCH – København/Kastrup" (PDF). AIP Denmark. Copenhagen: Trafikstyrelsen/Danish Transport Authority. 28 June 2012. part AD 2 – EKCH. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  3. ^ Archived 2 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine – total passengers 2013 was 24,067,030 of them were 22,164,738; "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Stockholm Arlanda had 20,7 million passengers in total in 2013, but around a third are usually domestic; "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) – Oslo Gardemoen had 23,159,233 passengers in 2013. But here is usually less than half international
  4. ^ "Area & Runway systems". CPH Airport. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  5. ^ "About CPH – News". CPH Airport. Archived from the original on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  6. ^ Copenhagen Airports – Copenhagen Airports Archived 27 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "The pioneer era". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Interkontinental 1940–1972". Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  9. ^ "Hub 1973–1999". Archived from the original on 3 January 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  10. ^ "The airport today 2000+". Archived from the original on 3 January 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  11. ^ "Copenhagen Airport announces expansion plans". IceNews. 7 February 2013.
  12. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (16 April 2015). "Emirates pushes A380 seating capacity past 600". USA Today. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
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External links[edit]

Media related to Copenhagen Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Copenhagen Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage