Copenhagen Central Station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Copenhagen Central Station
S-tog.svg
S-train and DSB station
Copenhagen Central Station.jpg
Front facade seen from Vesterbrogade
Location Bernstorffsgade 16–22
DK-1557 Copenhagen V
Coordinates 55°40′22″N 12°33′52″E / 55.67278°N 12.56444°E / 55.67278; 12.56444Coordinates: 55°40′22″N 12°33′52″E / 55.67278°N 12.56444°E / 55.67278; 12.56444
Owned by DSB
Operated by DSB
Platforms 7
Tracks 13
Construction
Architect Heinrich Wenck
History
Opened 1 December 1911
Rebuilt 15 May 1934 (S-train)
Electrified 1934 (S-train), 1986 (Mainline)
Location
Copenhagen Central Station is located in Denmark
Copenhagen Central Station
Copenhagen Central Station
Location within Denmark

Copenhagen Central Station (Danish: Københavns Hovedbanegård, abbreviated København H) is the main railway station in Copenhagen, Denmark and the largest railway station in Denmark, although Nørreport Station has a larger passenger throughput if urban S-train and Metro services are included. It is situated between the districts of Indre By and Vesterbro with entrances from Bernstorffsgade (at Tivoli Gardens), Banegårdspladsen, Reventlowsgade and access to platforms from Tietgensgade.

Copenhagen Central Station is the hub of the DSB railway network serving Denmark and international destinations.[1] It offers InterCity and Express trains services across Denmark, as well as services to several international destinations, regular and frequent regional train services to and from Zealand and southern Sweden (also referred to as Øresund trains). The station also services the Copenhagen S-train network, but the S-train system in Copenhagen doesn't use any kind of hub at all. It is an urban transit which differs from most Metro system mainly by being a type of railway. At the station are two platforms with four tracks used by the S-trains only. All other trains usually use some of the other four platforms and eight tracks.

To the original 12 platform [2] tracks has far later a single spare track been built (initially used for the trains to Scania immediately after the opening of the Øresund fixed connection, but after the trains to Sweden became passing through trains (up to Elsinore) has track 13 only been used as a spare platform track. The extra track is also not directly reachable though the escalators and lifts from the passenger's large main hall down to the platforms.

The platforms begin under the main passenger hall (and at least the S-train section of the station can be said to begin as an underground station). A hotel (Astoria) is built above the S-train tracks in the Northern end, but the remaining tracks drives uncovered below street level. (Open areas between tunnel sections were necessary to have during the era of steam trains, while the S-trains always have been electrical) In the opposite (platform) end are all platforms covered with the typical railway arched roof. This roof is though shorter than the platforms, but all tracks remain below street level and can also be accessed from the street Tietgensgade.

The main hall isn't just a waiting hall, but also a market place where most things can be bought. From fresh fruit sellers to super market, postal office, banks, currency exchanges, hamburgers, coffee shops, restaurants and pubs etc. There are also travel center for information an manual sale of tickets and two large toilet sections which are under manual supervision and clean. Also shower rooms are available for a smaller fee.

The current station building opened in 1911 and is the work of architect Heinrich Wenck. The station has 7 platforms and 13 tracks. On the station concourse there are many small shops, cafeterias, and fast food outlets. All public transport within Greater Copenhagen are divided into close to 100 ticket fare zones. The Central station is located in fare zone 1, which together with zones 2 and 3 constitute Copenhagen municipality and the "exclave" of Frederiksberg municipality. And as the cheapest single ticket always is valid in two zones, is a single ticket bought at the station valid whithin the entire city centre and its inner boroughs. Though - a ticket to Copenhagen Airport Kastrup demands the payment for three zones, as it's located in zone 4.

From December 2018 will the Central station also be served by the new Copenhagen Metro line M3, which will be a circular line with 17 stations.[3][4] Further, less than a year later will the metro service also include line M4.[5] However is both projects currently several months delayed, and the opening of line M3 may be postponed up to six months.[6]

History[edit]

Copenhagen's first railway station, photographed in 1864.

The first railway station in Copenhagen was built in 1847, approximately at the present station location. It served Roskildebanen, and it was made of wood because it was built outside the fortifications where buildings with foundations were not allowed. This was soon necessary due to plans to extend the railway network in Denmark. A new larger station, designed by H. J. Herholdt, opened in 1864.

The second station also proved too small, especially because there was only one track leading out of the city. It was decided to build a new station, including a tunnel to Østerport station, and with tracks out of the city to the south. Designed by Heinrich Wenck, the present station was finished on 1 December 1911. The tunnel (the Boulevard Line) was opened in 1917.

The station was overhauled in 1980. Escalators and lifts were established to the platforms, and the station concourse, which was originally split into arrival, departure, and freight sections, was redone completely. The station was overhauled again from 2004 to 2008. This overhaul replaced the roof, lowered platforms 3 to 6 to international standards and lengthened them. The towers and the bridge over the platforms, upon which the main station building is placed, were reconditioned.

Services[edit]

Platforms

Copenhagen Central Station provides Copenhagen with Intercity and Express trains across Denmark, as well as services to several international destinations. Direct international trains connect to Stockholm, Hamburg and Berlin several times a day. Intercity trains run half-hourly from Copenhagen during daytime and serve as a link between the major cities and towns in Denmark, including Odense, Aarhus, Aalborg, Esbjerg, Frederikshavn, Thisted and Sønderborg. Regional trains (stops at major stations within the Greater Copenhagen area) connect the main parts of Zealand to the capital. Veolia Transport trains on the Oresundtrain regional rail network depart to southern and western Sweden every 20 minutes. A special ticket fare system exists between the Copenhagen local traffic area and the most southern part of Sweden, Skåne county.

All S-train services except the F-line stop at the station.


Copenhagen Central Station

Preceding station   S-train   Following station
H
toward Farum
C
toward Klampenborg
Bx
toward Østerport
B
toward Holte
toward Køge
E
toward Hillerød
A
toward Farum
Preceding station   Danske Statsbaner   Following station
Copenhagen - Frederikshavn
InterCity
Copenhagen-Aarhus-Struer
InterCity
toward Struer
Copenhagen-Herning-Struer-Thisted
InterCity
toward Thisted
Copenhagen-Esbjerg
InterCity
toward Esbjerg
Copenhagen-Sønderborg/Padborg
InterCity
toward Sønderborg or Padborg
Terminus Copenhagen-Ystad/Bornholm
InterCity
toward Rønne
toward Helsingør
Coast Line
Øresundståg
toward Malmö C
Elsinore-Roskilde
toward Roskilde
Copenhagen-Roskilde
Copenhagen-Odense
toward Odense
toward Østerport
Copenhagen-Nykøbing F/Rødby/Gedser
Copenhagen-Kalundborg
toward Kalundborg
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
Terminus ICE 75
towards Berlin Ost

The future[edit]

København H is not connected to the Copenhagen Metro network, but will become so following the completion of the Metro's future City Circle Line, expected by 2018.

Because of a new railway between Copenhagen and Ringsted (planned for construction start 2013), the station needs more capacity. There is already congestion on the tracks. The Danish Ministry of Transport has started planning of an extension: proposals include a four-track terminal station on a bridge over the present tracks, or in a tunnel under them.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Københavns Hovedbanegård at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]