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Copernicia cerifera (3768428995).jpg
Copernica ceifera
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Trachycarpeae
Genus: Copernicia
  • Arrudaria Macedo
  • Coryphomia Rojas Acosta

Copernicia is a genus of palms native to South America and the Greater Antilles. Of the known species and nothospecies (hybrids), 22 of the 27 are endemic to Cuba.[1] They are fan palms (Arecaceae tribe Corypheae), with the leaves with a bare petiole terminating in a rounded fan of numerous leaflets. The species are small to medium-sized trees growing to 5–30 m tall, typically occurring close to streams and rivers in savanna habitats.[2]

Species and hybrids[edit]

Copernicia species and hybrids are as follows.[3]

Image Scientific name Distribution
Copernicia alba Jardín botánico de Valencia 01.JPG Copernicia alba Morong Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso Sul
Copernicia baileyana 5zz.jpg Copernicia baileyana León Cuba
Copernicia berteroana - Naples Botanical Garden - Naples, Florida - DSC00046.jpg Copernicia berteroana Becc. Hispaniola
Copernicia brittonorum León Cuba
Copernicia cowellii Britton & P.Wilson Camagüey Province in Cuba
Copernicia curbeloi León Cuba
Copernicia curtissii 5zz.jpg Copernicia curtissii Becc. Cuba
Copernicia ekmanii 5zz.jpg Copernicia ekmanii Burret Haiti
Copernicia fallaensis 5zz.jpg Copernicia fallaensis León Cuba
Copernicia gigas Ekman ex Burret Cuba
Cglabrescens.JPG Copernicia glabrescens H.Wendl. ex Becc Cuba
Copernicia hospita - Naples Botanical Garden - Naples, Florida - DSC00041.jpg Copernicia hospita Mart. Cuba
Copernicia humicola León Cuba
Copernicia longiglossa León Cuba
Copernicia macroglossa 6zz.jpg Copernicia macroglossa Schaedtler Cuba
Copernicia molineti León Cuba
Carnaúbas na caatinga.jpg Copernicia prunifera (Mill.) H.E.Moore northeastern Brazil
Copernicia rigida 1zz.jpg Copernicia rigida Britton & P.Wilson Cuba
Copernicia roigii León Cuba
Copernicia tectorum 4zz.jpg Copernicia tectorum (Kunth) Mart. Colombia, Venezuela
Copernicia yarey Burret Cuba

Natural hybrids[edit]

Image Scientific name Parentage Distribution
Copernicia × burretiana León C. hospita × C. macroglossa Cuba
Copernicia × occidentalis León C. brittonanum × C. hospita Cuba
Copernicia × textilis León C. baileyana × C. hospita Cuba
Copernicia × vespertilionum León C. gigas × C. rigida Cuba
Copernicia × shaferi Dahlgren & Glassman C. cowellii × C. hospita Cuba
Copernicia x sueroana - University of California Botanical Garden - DSC08991.JPG Copernicia × sueroana León C. hospita × C. rigida Cuba

The genus is named after the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.

In some of the species, the leaves are coated with a thin layer of wax, known as carnauba wax.


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  3. ^ "Copernicia". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Archived from the original on 2007-08-27. Retrieved 2014-08-11.

External links[edit]