Cophixalus

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Cophixalus
Cophixalus ornatus01.jpg
Cophixalus ornatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Microhylidae
Subfamily: Genyophryninae
Genus: Cophixalus
Boettger, 1892
Species

61 species; See table.[1]

Cophixalus (rainforest frogs or nursery frogs) is a genus of microhylid frogs.[citation needed] These are arboreal species with expanded toe-pads, endemic to Moluccan Islands, New Guinea and northeastern Queensland, Australia.[citation needed]

Species[edit]

As of November 2013, Amphibian Species of the World assigns 61 species to Cophixalus.[1] Included in this list are also C. aimbensis and C. sisyphus which are discussed in IUCN Red List but not in Amphibian Species of the World, and the newly described C. petrophilus.

The source column gives direct links to the sources used:

EX - Extinct, EW - Extinct in the Wild
CR - Critically Endangered, EN - Endangered, VU - Vulnerable
NT - Near Threatened, LC - Least Concern
DD - Data Deficient, NE - Not Evaluated
Binomial name and authority Common name Geographic range CS Source
Cophixalus aenigma Hoskin, 2004 Thornton rainforest frog north-eastern Queensland VU ASW IUCN
Cophixalus aimbensis Hiaso, 2002 Aimba rainforest frog Tagula Island, Papua New Guinea DD IUCN
Cophixalus albolineatus Kraus, 2012 Mount Shungol, New Guinea ASW
Cophixalus amabilis Kraus, 2012 Woodlark Island (PNG) ASW
Cophixalus ateles (Boulenger, 1898) Papua rainforest frog Mount Obree (New Guinea, PNG); possibly widespread in south-eastern Papua New Guinea DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus australis Hoskin, 2012[2] southern ornate nursery-frog north-east Queensland ASW
Cophixalus balbus Günther, 2003 Yapen rainforest frog Yapen Island (Indonesia) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus bewaniensis Kraus & Allison, 2000 Menawa rainforest frog Bewani Mountains (New Guinea, PNG) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus biroi (Méhely, 1901) Sattelberg rainforest frog northern New Guinea (Indonesia and Papua New Guinea) LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus bombiens Zweifel, 1985 buzzing rainforest frog north-eastern Queensland NT ASW IUCN
Cophixalus caverniphilus Kraus and Allison, 2009 Muller Range (New Guinea, PNG) ASW
Cophixalus cheesmanae Parker, 1934 Kokoda rainforest frog eastern Papua New Guinea LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus clapporum Kraus, 2012 Woodlark Island (PNG) ASW
Cophixalus concinnus Tyler, 1979 rattling rainforest frog north-eastern Queensland (Australia) CR ASW IUCN
Cophixalus crepitans Zweifel, 1985 rusty rainforest frog eastern Cape York Peninsula (Queensland, Australia) NT ASW IUCN
Cophixalus cryptotympanum Zweifel, 1956 Zweifel's rainforest frog Mount Dayman (New Guinea, PNG) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus cupricarenus Kraus and Allison, 2009 Rossel Island (PNG) ASW
Cophixalus daymani Zweifel, 1956 Dayman rainforest frog Mount Dayman (PNG) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus desticans Kraus and Allison, 2009 south-easternmost tip of New Guinea, Normanby Island (PNG) ASW
Cophixalus exiguus Zweifel & Parker, 1969 Cooktown rainforest frog north-eastern Queensland (Australia) NT ASW IUCN
Cophixalus hinchinbrookensis Hoskin, 2012[2] Hinchinbrook Island nursery-frog Hinchinbrook Island (Queensland, Australia) ASW
Cophixalus hosmeri Zweifel, 1985 clicking rainforest frog northern Queensland (Australia) LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus humicola Günther, 2006 Waira rainforest frog Yapen Island, northern New Guinea (Indonesia) LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus infacetus Zweifel, 1985 chocolate rainforest frog north-eastern Queensland (Australia) LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus interruptus Kraus and Allison, 2009 Morobe Province (New Guinea, PNG) ASW
Cophixalus iovaorum Kraus and Allison, 2009 Mount Obree (New Guinea, PNG) ASW
Cophixalus kaindiensis Zweifel, 1979 Kaindi rainforest frog Mount Kaindi and Mount Missim (New Guinea, PNG) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus kethuk Kraus and Allison, 2009 Rossel Island (PNG) ASW
Cophixalus kulakula Hoskin and Aland, 2011 north-eastern Queensland (Australia) ASW
Cophixalus linnaeus Kraus and Allison, 2009 Bowutu Mountains (New Guinea, PNG) ASW
Cophixalus mcdonaldi Zweifel, 1985 Mcdonald's rainforest frog north-eastern Queensland (Australia) EN ASW IUCN
Cophixalus melanops Kraus and Allison, 2009 Tagula Island (PNG) ASW
Cophixalus misimae Richards & Oliver, 2007 Misima rainforest frog Misima Island (PNG) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus monosyllabus Günther, 2010 southern Fakfak Mountains (New Guinea, Indonesia) ASW
Cophixalus montanus (Boettger, 1895) mountain rainforest frog Halmahera Island (Indonesia) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus monticola Richards, Dennis, Trenerry, & Werren, 1994 carbine rainforest frog northern Queensland (Australia) EN ASW IUCN
Cophixalus neglectus Zweifel, 1962 brown rainforest frog northern Queensland (Australia) EN ASW IUCN
Cophixalus nexipus Kraus, 2012 Mount Obree (New Guinea, PNG) ASW
Cophixalus nubicola Zweifel, 1962 Michael rainforest frog Mount Michael (New Guinea, PNG) VU ASW IUCN
Cophixalus ornatus (Fry, 1912) ornate rainforest frog mid-eastern Queensland, Hinchinbrook (Australia) LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus pakayakulangun Hoskin and Aland, 2011 north-eastern Queensland (Australia) ASW
Cophixalus parkeri Loveridge, 1948 Parker's rainforest frog central mountainous region of Papua New Guinea LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus peninsularis Zweifel, 1985 peninsula rainforest frog northern Queensland (Australia) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus petrophilus Hoskin, 2013 blotched boulder-frog [3]
Cophixalus phaeobalius Kraus and Allison, 2009 Bowutu Mountains (New Guinea, PNG) ASW
Cophixalus pictus Kraus, 2012 West Papua Province (New Guinea, Indonesia) ASW
Cophixalus pipilans Zweifel, 1980 Sempi rainforest frog from Lae to the Adelbert Mountains (New Guinea, PNG) LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus pulchellus Kraus & Allison, 2000 pretty rainforest frog Mount Hunstein (New Guinea, PNG) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus riparius Zweifel, 1962 Wilhelm rainforest frog central mountain ranges of Papua Guinea (PNG) LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus saxatilis Zweifel & Parker, 1977 Black Mountain rainforest frog northern Queensland (Australia) VU ASW IUCN
Cophixalus shellyi Zweifel, 1956 Shelly's rainforest frog central mountain ranges of Papua New Guinea, Adelbert Mountains, Huon Peninsula LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus sisyphus Kraus & Allison, 2006 Bree rainforest frog Mount Obree; probably more widely in Owen Stanley Range (New Guinea, PNG) DD IUCN
Cophixalus sphagnicola Zweifel & Allison, 1982 Morobe rainforest frog Mount Amungwiwa, Mount Kaini, and Mount Missim (New Guinea, PNG) LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus tagulensis Zweifel, 1963 Tagula rainforest frog Tagula Island (PNG) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus tenuidactylus Günther and Richards, 2012 Kaijende Highlands (New Guinea, PNG) ASW
Cophixalus tetzlaffi Günther, 2003 Bomberai rainforest frog Bomberai Peninsula (New Guinea, Indonesia) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus timidus Kraus & Allison, 2006 Simpson rainforest frog Mount Simpson (New Guinea, PNG) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus tomaiodactylus Kraus and Allison, 2009 Bowutu Mountains (New Guinea, PNG) ASW
Cophixalus tridactylus Günther, 2006 Wondiwoi rainforest frog Wondiwoi Mountains (New Guinea, Indonesia) DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus variabilis Kraus & Allison, 2006 Pekopekowana rainforest frog south-eastern Papua New Guinea LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus verecundus Zweifel & Parker, 1989 Myola rainforest frog Mount Bellamy (New Guinea, PNG); presumably more widely distributed DD ASW IUCN
Cophixalus verrucosus (Boulenger, 1898) Moroke rainforest frog southern and eastern Papua New Guine LC ASW IUCN
Cophixalus wempi Richards and Oliver, 2010 Southern Highlands Province (New Guinea, PNG) ASW
Cophixalus zweifeli Davies & McDonald, 1998 Cape Melville rainforest frog northern Queensland (Australia) DD ASW IUCN

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Cophixalus. Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. (Accessed: November 17, 2013).
  2. ^ a b Hoskin, Conrad J. (2012). "Two new frog species (Microhylidae: Cophixalus) from the Australian Wet Tropics region, & redescription of Cophixalus ornatus" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3271: 1–16. 
  3. ^ Conrad J. Hoskin (2013). "A new frog species (Microhylidae: Cophixalus) from boulder-pile habitat of Cape Melville, north-east Australia" (PDF excerpt). Zootaxa. 3722 (1): 61–72. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3722.1.5. 

External links[edit]