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Copiapoa humilis 1.jpg
Copiapoa humilis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Cactoideae
Genus: Copiapoa
Britton & Rose

Copiapoa is a genus of flowering plants in the cactus family Cactaceaea, from the dry coastal deserts, particularly the Atacama Desert, of northern Chile. It comprises 32 morphologically defined species and 5 heterotypic subspecies.[1] These species vary in form from spherical to slightly columnar and in color from a brownish to blue-green body. They have warty ribs and spiny areoles, and they usually produce tubular yellow flowers which grow from woolly crowns in summer.[2]


Pilocopiapoa F.Ritter has been brought into synonymy with this genus. Some authorities also include here the genus Blossfeldia.


Copiapoa cinerea

Clade I: Pilocopiapoa

Copiapoa humilis var. tenuissima

Clade II: Mammillopoa

Clade IIIa: Cinerei

Clade IIIb: Copiapoa

Clade IV: Echinopoa

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Larridon I., Walter H.E., et al. (2015). An integrative approach to understanding the evolution and diversity of Copiapoa (Cactaceae), a threatened endemic Chilean genus from the Atacama Desert. American Journal of Botany 102, 1506-1520.
  2. ^ Brickell, Christopher, ed. (2008). The Royal Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 302. ISBN 9781405332965.

External links[edit]