Copper-clad aluminium wire

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Copper-clad aluminium wire, commonly abbreviated as CCAW or CCA, is an electrical conductor composed of an inner aluminium core and outer copper cladding.

Uses[edit]

The primary applications of this conductor revolve around weight reduction requirements. These applications include high-quality coils, such as the voice coils in headphones or portable loudspeakers; high frequency coaxial applications, such as RF antennas and cable television distribution cables; and power cables.[citation needed]

CCA was also used in electrical wiring for buildings.[citation needed] The copper/aluminium construction was adopted to avoid some of the problems with aluminium wire, yet retain some of the cost advantage. In the US, solid copper is most commonly used in internal residential 120 V or 240 V wiring.

CCA is also seen in unshielded twisted pair networking cables.[citation needed] These cables are often less expensive than their full-copper counterparts. Experts advice against the use of CCA cables in networks because it is far less reliable and can affect transmission speeds. This is due to a number of factors, important ones being aluminums much higher electrical impedance compared to copper and the fact that aluminum is less flexible and tends to break more easily.[citation needed]

Properties[edit]

The properties of copper-clad aluminium wire include:

  • Less expensive than a pure copper wire
  • Lighter than pure copper
  • Higher electrical conductivity than pure aluminium
  • Higher strength than aluminium
  • Better solderability than aluminium, due to the lack of the oxide layer which prevents solder adhesion when soldering bare aluminium[citation needed]
  • Electrical connections are typically more reliable than pure aluminium[citation needed]
  • Typically produced as a 10% or 15% by copper volume product

Skin effect[edit]

The skin effect causes alternating current to concentrate on the more-conductive copper cladding of the conductor, causing the resistance of the wire to approach that of a pure copper wire at high frequencies,[citation needed] which makes the copper-clad aluminium wire a good fit for such applications. The skin effect is also utilized in copper-clad steel wire[citation needed] such as RG-6 coax, which is also commonly used in high frequency applications with high strength requirements.

See also[edit]