Copper Mountain Solar Facility

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Copper Mountain Solar Facility
Nevada Solar One.jpg
Copper Mountain Solar 1 (at left)
CountryUnited States
LocationBoulder City, Nevada
Coordinates35°47′00″N 114°59′30″W / 35.78333°N 114.99167°W / 35.78333; -114.99167Coordinates: 35°47′00″N 114°59′30″W / 35.78333°N 114.99167°W / 35.78333; -114.99167
StatusOperational
Construction beganJanuary 2010
Commission dateDec 2008 - Dec 2016
Owner(s)Sempra Generation
Solar farm
TypeFlat-panel PV
Site area16.2 square kilometres (6.3 sq mi), 4000acres
Power generation
Units operational9 million First Solar panels
Nameplate capacity552 MWAC
Capacity factor27.8% (average 2017)
Annual net output1,340 GW·h, 335 MW·h/acre
External links
CommonsRelated media on Commons

The Copper Mountain Solar Facility is a 552 megawatt (MWAC) solar photovoltaic power plant in Boulder City, Nevada developed by Sempra Generation. It uses approximately 9 million cadmium telluride modules made by the US thin-film manufacturer First Solar. When the first unit of the facility entered service on December 1, 2010, it was the largest photovoltaic plant in the U.S. at 58 MW. [1] [2] [3] It is co-located with the 64 MW Nevada Solar One and 150 MW Boulder Solar projects in the Eldorado Valley, thus forming a more than 750 MW solar generating complex. By comparison, generating capacity at the nearby Hoover Dam is about 2,000 MW.

History[edit]

Sempra Generation completed the 10 MW demonstration plant named "El Dorado Solar" near the existing El Dorado natural gas-fired power station and the Nevada Solar One concentrated solar power plant in December 2008. [4] It was the company's first bold venture into utility-scale solar generation. A 48 MW second phase named "Copper Mountain" was constructed from January to December 2010 at a cost of about $141 million.[2] [5] At its construction peak more than 350 workers were installing the 775,000 First Solar panels on the 450-acre (180 ha) site. [1][3][6]

Based on its successes with the first unit, a second 150 MW unit was approved adjacent to the site in late 2010 and a construction plan announced On August 4, 2011.[2][7] The first 92 MW phase came online in January 2013, and the 58 MW expansion phase was eventually completed in early 2015.

Construction on the third, and thus far largest, 250 MW unit began in 2013 and was completed in early 2015, with a formal dedication ceremony on 30 April 2015.[8] This unit is located about 5 km north of the prior grouping, and is capable of generating enough electricity to power about 80,000 homes.[9]

Copper Mountain Solar 4 is the fourth unit of the Copper Mountain Solar complex. Construction on the 94 MW unit, adjacent to the grouping of Units 1 and 2, commenced in 2015. It also sustained about 350 construction jobs at peak, and completed year-end 2016. In contrast to prior units, the rows of panels run north to south, with solar trackers tilting the rows from east to west in order to maximize energy production.[10]

The 250 MW Copper Mountain 5 unit is currently in the planning and approval stage of development.[11][12] The 300 MW Techren Solar Project began construction in the El Dorado Valley in 2018. [13]

Facility unit details[edit]

Copper Mountain Solar Facility
Unit Capacity
MWAC
Complete
Date
Coordinates Owner PPA
Recipient
PPA
Length
Unit 1
Pilot
[14]
10 MW Dec 2008 35°47′06″N 114°59′46″W / 35.78510632°N 114.99598468°W / 35.78510632; -114.99598468 (CM1 Pilot) Sempra U.S. Gas & Power Pacific Gas & Electric 20yrs
Unit 1
Phase 2
[1][15]
48 MW Dec 2010 35°46′48″N 114°59′27″W / 35.77997069°N 114.99090615°W / 35.77997069; -114.99090615 (CM1 Phase2) Sempra U.S. Gas & Power Pacific Gas & Electric 20yrs
Unit 2
Phase 1
[16][17]
92 MW Dec 2012 35°47′15″N 114°57′42″W / 35.78737752°N 114.96158993°W / 35.78737752; -114.96158993 (CM2 Phase1) Sempra U.S. Gas & Power & Consolidated Edison Development Pacific Gas & Electric 25yrs
Unit 2
Phase 2
58 MW Apr 2015 35°48′29″N 114°58′02″W / 35.80803793°N 114.96732424°W / 35.80803793; -114.96732424 (CM2 Phase2) Sempra U.S. Gas & Power & Consolidated Edison Development Pacific Gas & Electric 25yrs
Unit 3
[18][9]
250 MW mid-2015 35°53′23″N 114°57′24″W / 35.88979281°N 114.95674042°W / 35.88979281; -114.95674042 (CM3) Sempra U.S. Gas & Power & Consolidated Edison Development Southern California Public Power Authority 20yrs
Unit 4
[19][20]
94 MW Dec 2016 35°47′22″N 114°58′49″W / 35.78934926°N 114.98015631°W / 35.78934926; -114.98015631 (CM4) Sempra U.S. Gas & Power Southern California Edison (SCE) 20yrs
(2020 start)

Electricity production[edit]

Total Facility Generation
(Annual Sum from All Units Below)
Year Total Annual MW·h
2008 826
2009 21,661
2010 50,922
2011 129,590
2012 199,689
2013 352,561
2014 503,599
2015 1,078,497
2016 1,122,818
2017 1,342,662
Generation (MW·h) of Copper Mountain Solar 1 - 10MW subunit (CM10) [21]
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
2008 826 826
2009 416 727 2,136 2,472 2,863 2,102 2,486 2,882 2,386 1,573 1,063 556 21,661
2010 299 554 1,367 1,746 2,474 2,920 2,256 2,845 2,652 1,606 1,529 898 21,146
2011 971 1,301 1,631 2,275 2,512 2,874 2,103 2,469 1,765 1,700 1,041 903 21,546
2012 556 726 1,048 1,619 2,373 2,451 2,172 2,132 2,426 2,356 1,909 1,477 21,245
2013 1,152 1,412 1,736 2,015 2,169 2,208 1,709 1,706 1,678 1,951 1,327 1,312 20,375
2014 973 1,017 1,466 1,545 1,828 2,096 1,835 1,995 2,066 2,093 1,779 1,177 19,869
2015 994 1,394 1,808 2,045 1,874 2,064 1,912 1,879 1,733 1,530 1,456 1,196 19,885
2016 626 3,662 1,177 1,241 1,589 1,600 1,801 1,757 1,715 1,423 1,369 1,101 19,061
2017 803 892 1,540 1,696 1,898 2,002 1,937 2,128 2,006 1,951 1,271 1,197 19,321
Generation (MW·h) of Copper Mountain Solar 1 - 48MW subunit (CM48) [22]
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
2010 1,690 2,412 3,918 4,305 5,394 6,670 5,387 29,776
2011 7,756 8,077 9,249 10,350 10,992 10,636 9,231 10,164 8,558 9,165 7,147 6,719 108,044
2012 7,564 7,486 9,414 9,668 11,081 10,638 9,422 9,029 9,507 9,180 7,320 6,069 106,378
2013 7,290 7,986 9,320 10,156 10,504 10,195 8,769 8,870 8,887 9,320 6,863 7,091 105,251
2014 7,355 7,125 9,633 9,796 10,454 10,131 8,784 9,171 9,146 8,988 7,672 5,201 103,456
2015 6,573 7,807 9,359 10,147 9,204 9,639 9,052 9,250 8,947 7,994 7,549 6,415 101,936
2016 5,915 8,338 8,933 8,619 8,696 9,651 9,963 9,157 9,028 7,993 6,329 5,669 98,291
2017 4,206 4,675 8,068 8,883 9,941 10,485 10,143 11,147 10,506 10,221 6,658 6,270 101,204
Generation (MW·h) of Copper Mountain Solar 2 [23]
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
2012 5,751 9,416 13,857 14,648 15,569 12,825 72,066
2013 15,532 16,971 19,879 21,460 22,276 22,448 19,450 19,402 19,397 20,112 14,949 15,059 226,935
2014 15,742 15,521 20,509 20,723 22,239 22,234 19,590 20,143 20,614 20,043 16,628 11,000 224,986
2015 15,813 22,847 32,606 35,639 33,533 35,903 34,065 34,143 32,696 29,524 28,180 19,300 354,249
2016 21,561 28,303 32,347 28,763 29,914 35,865 36,913 32,992 33,124 29,486 26,004 20,358 356,633
2017 15,226 16,922 29,206 32,157 35,988 37,955 36,720 40,351 38,032 37,002 24,103 22,699 365,361
Generation (MW·h) of Copper Mountain Solar 3 [24]
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
2014 3,789 11,030 14,733 20,025 23,153 30,470 29,671 22,417 155,288
2015 33,165 45,414 55,583 60,855 57,697 61,213 56,920 56,164 51,528 44,901 43,550 35,437 602,427
2016 33,304 49,489 53,820 53,388 62,617 62,240 60,812 57,121 53,930 47,424 40,083 31,626 605,854
2017 34,306 34,423 54,975 59,303 64,274 64,486 55,440 56,390 52,768 54,330 38,729 38,337 607,761
2018 37,913 42,311 51,664 59,515 62,897 64,859 57,551 56,242 56,140 48,832 - - -
Generation (MW·h) of Copper Mountain Solar 4 [25]
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
2016 4,903 14,020 13,526 10,530 42,979
2017 10,349 11,502 19,851 21,857 24,461 25,798 24,958 27,427 25,851 25,150 16,383 15,428 249,015

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c America's Largest PV Power Plant Is Now Live (December 6, 2010), Renewable Energy World.
  2. ^ a b c "Copper Mountain Solar, the Largest Photovoltaic Solar Plant in the U.S." Solar Thermal Magazine. Archived from the original on May 16, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Shine, Conor (March 20, 2012). "Five things you should know about Copper Mountain Solar before President Obama's visit". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved March 21, 2012.
  4. ^ "First Solar - Copper Mountain Solar 1". First Solar. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  5. ^ Goldberg, Delen (April 3, 2011). "Questions emerge over tax breaks for solar project". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
  6. ^ Copper Mountain Solar I
  7. ^ Sempra to expand Copper Mountain solar plant, Reuters, Aug 4, 201
  8. ^ "SoCalGas Newsroom". mediaroom.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Copper Mountain Solar 3 - Sempra Renewables". semprausgp.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Copper Mountain Solar 4 - Sempra Renewables". semprausgp.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  11. ^ Nevada Utility is Putting $2 Billion into Solar Power and Storage, Renewable Energy World, June 01, 2018
  12. ^ Commission Approves Largest Clean Energy Investment in Nevada History, T&D World, January 08, 2019
  13. ^ Techren Solar, 174 Global
  14. ^ "Copper Mountain 1 facility details".
  15. ^ "PG&E Contracts With Sempra Generation For More Solar Power" (Press release). Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E). July 27, 2009. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
  16. ^ "Copper Mountain 2 facility details".
  17. ^ "Copper Mountain Solar 2 - Sempra Renewables". semprausgp.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  18. ^ "Copper Mountain 3 facility details".
  19. ^ "Copper Mountain 4 facility details".
  20. ^ Copper Mountain Solar 4
  21. ^ "CM10, Monthly". Electricity Data Browser. Energy Information Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  22. ^ "CM48, Monthly". Electricity Data Browser. Energy Information Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  23. ^ "Copper Mountain Solar 2, Monthly". Electricity Data Browser. Energy Information Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  24. ^ "Copper Mountain Solar 3, Monthly". Electricity Data Browser. Energy Information Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  25. ^ "Copper Mountain Solar 4, Monthly". Electricity Data Browser. Energy Information Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2019.