Copper underwing

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Amphipyra pyramidea
Amphipyra pyramidea MHNT.jpg
Copper underwing moth
Copper underwing larva
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Noctuidae
Genus: Amphipyra
Species: A. pyramidea
Binomial name
Amphipyra pyramidea
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The copper underwing, humped green fruitworm, or pyramidal green fruitworm (Amphipyra pyramidea) is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is distributed across the Palaearctic region including north India, Korea and Japan.


This species has a wingspan of 47–54 mm, the female usually slightly larger than the male. The forewings are brown marked with paler fascia and a pale, dark-centred stigma. The hindwings are a rich bright copper colour. It is very similar to Svensson's copper underwing (Amphipyra berbera) but identification is usually fairly straightforward by looking at the underside of the hindwings: This species has a pale area in the centre, contrasting with much darker marginal areas while in A. berbera the whole underwing is more or less uniform in colour.

Larva can be found as early as April in some climates but usually emerge in May-June. Hatching season is as early as June in some climates but usually hatch July to October. A pyramidea flies at night from August to October [1] and is attracted to light and strongly to sugar.

The larva is green with white markings and a pointed hump at the rear end. It feeds on a variety of trees and shrubs (see list below). The species overwinters as an egg.

  1. ^ The flight season refers to the British Isles. This may vary in other parts of the range.

Recorded food plants[edit]



  • Chinery, Michael Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe 1986 (Reprinted 1991)
  • Skinner, Bernard Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles 1984

External links[edit]