From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coppull Enterprise Centre - - 67432.jpg
Coppull Mill and Coppull Lodge
Coppull is located in the Borough of Chorley
Shown within Chorley Borough
Coppull is located in Lancashire
Location within Lancashire
Population7,959 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceSD562140
Civil parish
  • Coppull
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCHORLEY
Postcode districtPR7
Dialling code01257
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
53°37′12″N 2°39′40″W / 53.620°N 2.661°W / 53.620; -2.661Coordinates: 53°37′12″N 2°39′40″W / 53.620°N 2.661°W / 53.620; -2.661

Coppull is a village and civil parish in Lancashire, England. It is part of the Borough of Chorley, lies around 300 feet (91 m) above sea level. Its population is around 8,000, having been counted at 7,959 in the 2011 Census.[1] It is bounded by Whittle Brook, Clancutt Brook, the River Yarrow, Eller Brook, Hic-Bibi Brook and Stars Brook. Coppull is located between Chorley and Standish, Greater Manchester, to the east of the A49 road near Charnock Richard.


It is possible that a Roman road between Wigan and Walton-le-Dale passed over Coppull Moor according to the Chorley and District Historical and Archaeological Society after excavating a site there in 1959 and 1985.[2]

The settlement has an Anglo Saxon name describing its topography derived from the Old English copp a hill top and hyll a hill.[3] The township was variously recorded as Cophull and Cophulle in 1277, Copphull in 1351, Copthull in 1374 and Coppull from 1444.[4]

The township was originally held by the lords of Worthington until the manor of Coppull was granted to a family of that name under them. Richard of Coppull granted land to Burscough Priory. In the reign of Edward IV, Sir Thomas Stanley bought the manor and it descended with the Stanley property at Lathom until 1600 when William, Earl of Derby sold it to Edward Rigby of Duxbury. In 1755 the owners were named Livesey and John Hodson of Ellerbeck bought it in 1820.[4] The Worthingtons were recussants who kept the old faith, Roman Catholicism. Thomas Worthington became a priest at the English College, Douai and was sent to the Tower in 1584.[4]

Chisnall was held by a family of that name. Roger and John de Chisnall are mentioned in 1277 and 1292. Roger de Chisnall settled land and property on Roger and his brothers Robert, John and Thomas in 1347. John Chisnall, when he died in 1525, held land and property in Coppull and Worthington of the Earl of Derby. Richard Worthington was a Member of Parliament for Wigan between 1688 and 1689 and sat for Preston as a Tory in 1690. Blainscough belonged to the Worthingtons who lived there until after the Civil War.[4]

Industrial Revolution[edit]

A water mill at Birkacre was leased by Richard Arkwright for cotton spinning in 1778 but was set on fire by machine wreckers in 1779.[5] The mill was rebuilt and used for calico printing, dyeing and bleaching. Water power was replaced by steam. Birkacre Colliery[6] opened in 1880 to supply the works which employed more than 800 people in 1883. The works and colliery closed in the 1930s and many of the buildings demolished in the 1960s.[7]

The North Union Railway between Wigan and Preston opened in 1838. Coppull Colliery was owned by John Hargreaves. On 20 May 1852 was an explosion of firedamp, found to be caused by a lighted candle, 90 men suffering from chokedamp or burns escaped but 36 men and boys died.[8] The colliery was renamed Hic Bibi Colliery[a] in the 1860s. It had several owners and after it closed in the 1880s, fireclay was used at a brickworks started and operated by the Ellerbeck Collieries Company until it closed in 1959. Chisnall Hall Colliery on Coppull Moor was owned by Pearson and Knowles Coal and Iron Company in 1896 when it employed 135 underground and 48 surface workers.[10] After 1850 Coppull grew rapidly, many rows of houses were built to house coal miners and factory workers. There were several collieries and deep shafts were sunk for the John Pit, Springfield Pit, Blainscough, Hic Bibi, Darlingtons, Ellerbeck Colliery, Birkacre and Pearsons mines. Mineral lines carried coal tubs to the main railway.

Two large red brick spinning mills, Coppull Mill in 1906, and Mavis Mill were built in the early 20th century. Coppull Mill has been converted for other uses and is a Grade II listed building.[11] The last surviving collieries were Chisnall Hall and Ellerbeck.[12]


Coppull was a township[13] in the ecclesiastical parish of St Wilfrid, Standish in the Hundred of Leyland.[14] It was a member of the Chorley Poor Law Union formed in 1837 that took responsibility for the administration and funding of the Poor Law.[15] Coppull became part of Chorley Rural Sanitary District from 1875 to 1894,[16] and part of Chorley Rural District from 1894 to 1974.[17] Since 1974, it is a civil parish and electoral ward in the Borough of Chorley.[18][19]


Since the decline in manufacturing and the end of the coal industry, the village has been converted into a satellite town for commuters to Chorley and Wigan. Notable industries today include The Yew Tree Dairy, Morris's Bakery and Staveley's egg producer.


Intersecting the village is the B5251 road, which connects Chorley to the Wigan-Preston Road. The village's closest motorway connections are the M6 Junction 27 at Standish and the M61 Junction 8 at Chorley.

Coppull is served by regular Arrivabus services to Wigan (the 362) and Chorley Interchange and Stagecoach bus services to Chorley. Network Chorley service operates within the village.

The village was previously served by the Blackpool to Liverpool Line which stopped at Coppull railway station but the station was closed in 1969. Recently there has been a campaign from locals to re-open the station.


There was a chapel in Coppull before the Reformation. After it fell into ruin, it was replaced in 1654 and was probably served from the parish church in Standish but was later used by Presbyterians. It was closed in 1715 and secured for the Church of England. A grant from Queen Anne's Bounty in 1716 led to the appointment of a perpetual curate. It was rebuilt in 1758 and again in 1861.[4][20]

The village has several places of worship,[21] Coppull Parish C of E Church, St John the Divine C of E Church,[22] St Oswald's Roman Catholic Church,[23] Spendmore Lane Methodist Church[24] and Preston Road Methodist Church.


Owing to Coppull's coal mining history and proximity to Wigan, the sport of rugby league has had a strong presence in the village. Chorley Panthers is a successful youth and amateur club based at Chisnall playing fields. Coppull is also home to Coppull United F.C, an amateur football team who currently play in the West Lancashire Premier Division.[25]

An amateur and professional boxing club is based at Coppull Mill.

Coppull also has a long tradition of Martial Arts with both Karate and Kung Fu clubs in the district. Red Sun Shotokan Karate Club has been based at St. John's Church Hall in Coppull since 1986 and was founded by P.A.J. Handyside, 9th Dan.[26]

Coppull is also home to Springfield Park Leisure Centre which holds classes for all age groups including freestyle, trampolining and indoor rock climbing.[27]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "Hic Bibi", Latin for "here drink I" was the name given to a well from which Oliver Cromwell was supposed to have drunk on a lane that now carries the name.[9]


  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Coppull Parish (E04005147)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  2. ^ Roman Roads, Lancashire County Council, archived from the original on 8 February 2007, retrieved 26 September 2012
  3. ^ Mills 1998, p. 96
  4. ^ a b c d e William Farrer; J Brownbill, eds. (1911), "Coppull", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, Victoria County History, British History Online, pp. 224–229, retrieved 24 September 2012
  5. ^ Richard Arkwright - Biography, Lancashire County Council, archived from the original on 8 December 2012, retrieved 26 September 2010
  6. ^ Birkacre Colliery Co. Ltd, Durham Mining Museum, retrieved 26 September 2012
  7. ^ Yarrow Valley - a history, Chorley Council, archived from the original on 20 October 2007, retrieved 26 September 2010
  8. ^ Coppull, Lancashire. 20th. May, 1852. (PDF),, p. 23, archived from the original (PDF) on 13 June 2010, retrieved 26 September 2012
  9. ^ Welcome To Hic Bibi Local Nature Reserve, Chorley Council, retrieved 26 September 2010
  10. ^ North and East Lancashire's Mining Industry in 1896,, retrieved 26 September 2012
  11. ^ Historic England, "Coppul Ring Mill (1362173)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 26 September 2012
  12. ^ North Western Division Map 89, cmhrc, archived from the original on 24 April 2010, retrieved 26 September 2010
  13. ^ Coppull Township Boundaries, GenUKI, retrieved 26 September 2010
  14. ^ Lewis, Samuel, ed. (1848), "Coppull", A Topographical Dictionary of England, British History Online, pp. 682–685, retrieved 26 September 2012
  15. ^ Workhouse,, retrieved 26 September 2012
  16. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project. "Chorley RSD: Relationships and changes". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  17. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project. "Chorley RD: Relationships and changes". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  18. ^ Your Councillors by Ward. Chorley Council. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
  19. ^ Chorley Lower-Layer Super Output Areas Archived 10 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
  20. ^ Chapel Lane Church of England, Coppull, GenUKI, retrieved 26 September 2010
  21. ^ Coppull, GenUKI, retrieved 26 September 2010
  22. ^ St John the Divine, Coppull - Church of England, GenUKI, retrieved 26 September 2010
  23. ^ St Oswald, Coppull- Roman Catholic, GenUKI, retrieved 26 September 2010
  24. ^ Spendmore Lane Wesleyan Methodist, Coppull, GenUKI, retrieved 26 September 2010
  25. ^ "Coppull United F.C." Archived from the original on 19 August 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  26. ^ "Red Sun Shotokan Karate". Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  27. ^ "Springfield Park Leisure".


  • Mills, A.D. (1998), A Dictionary of English Placenames, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0 19 280074 4

External links[edit]