Coppull Mill

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Coppull Mill
Coppull Mill, Chorley 0012.png
Coppull Mill is located in the Borough of Chorley
Coppull Mill
Location within the Borough of Chorley
Cotton
Spinning (ring mill)
Location Coppull, Chorley
Further ownership
Coordinates 53°37′38″N 2°39′41″W / 53.6271°N 2.6615°W / 53.6271; -2.6615Coordinates: 53°37′38″N 2°39′41″W / 53.6271°N 2.6615°W / 53.6271; -2.6615
Power
Date 1906
Engine maker J & E Wood
Engine type triple-expansion four-cylinder engine
Valve Gear Corliss valves
rpm 68 rpm
Flywheel diameter 26ft
Transmission type rope
No. of ropes 36
Boiler configuration
Pressure 200psi
References
[1]

Coppull Mill is a former cotton spinning mill in Coppull, Chorley, Lancashire. It was opened in 1906, and its sister mill, Mavis Mill in 1908. Together they employed 700 workers. The mill was taken over by the Lancashire Cotton Corporation in the 1930s and passed to Courtaulds in 1964. The building is a Grade II listed building and is now used as an enterprise centre.[2]

Location[edit]

Coppull is a village and civil parish in Lancashire, England. It is part of the Borough of Chorley, lies around 300 feet (91 m) above sea level and has a population of around 7,600. It is bounded by Whittle Brook, Clancutt Brook, the River Yarrow, Eller Brook, Hic-Bibi Brook and Stars Brook. Coppull is located between Chorley and Wigan, to the east of the A49 road near Charnock Richard. The village was 6 km from the Leeds and Liverpool Canal but was served from 1834 by the North Union Railway.

History[edit]

Coppull expanded greatly along with the rest of Lancashire during the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century. As well as the Cotton industry the town is situated on the Lancashire Coalfield. There were several major collieries located in the town during this era with notable collieries being Chisnall Hall and Ellerbeck. Coppull Mill was built in 1906, with elaborate decoration. It was a ring mill, and was used to spin 10's to 24's counts for general manufacture.

The industry peaked in 1912 when it produced 8 billion yards of cloth. The Great War of 1914–18 halted the supply of raw cotton, and the British government encouraged its colonies to build mills to spin and weave cotton. The war over, Lancashire never regained its markets. The independent mills were struggling. The Bank of England set up the Lancashire Cotton Corporation in 1929 to attempt to rationalise and save the industry.[3] Coppull Mill was one of 104 mills bought by the LCC, and one of the 53 mills that survived through to 1950.

Architecture[edit]

A four-storey late mill, with terracotta decoration. It had an elaborately decorated water tower. An extension for carding was to the west, it had a separate boiler house and circular chimney.[4][5]

Power[edit]

It was driven by a-1600 hp triple-expansion four-cylinder engine by J & E Wood built in 1906. Its 26 ft flywheel operated at 68 rpm and ran 36 ropes. It steamed at 200psi. [6]

Equipment[edit]

Ring frames doing coarse counts.

Later extensions[edit]

Usage[edit]

Owners[edit]

Tenants[edit]

Notable events/media[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ LCC 1951
  2. ^ "Name: COPPULL RING MILL List entry Number: 1362173". Historic England. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  3. ^ Dunkerley
  4. ^ Ashmore 1982, p. 199
  5. ^ LCC 1951, p. 18
  6. ^ Roberts 1921

Notes[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]