Coptic Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Coptic Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria is the Patriarchal and only Metropolitan see of the head of the Eastern sui iuris Coptic Catholic Church, a particular Church in the Catholic Church in full communion with the Holy See, which follows the Alexandrian Rite in its own Coptic language. He is thus the superior of all Coptic dioceses, mostly in and around Egypt (where all its sees are), Copt(ic) being corruptions of the Greek word for Egypt(ian).

It has two cathedral archiepiscopal sees, both in Egypt: one dedicated to Notre-Dame of Egypte, in national capital Cairo, the other dedicated to the Resurrection, in Ancient Alexandria.

History[edit]

It had three false starts, each failing to prove enduring.

In 1947 it is restored for good as Patriarchal See of Alexandria / Alexandrin(us) Coptorum (Latin).

It lost territories in Egypt repeatedly to establish suffragan sees of Alexandria as Metropolitan :

It enjoyed Papal visits from Pope John Paul II in February 2000 and from Pope Francis in April 2017.

Rank[edit]

The patriarchal see as such ranks third among all Catholic (arch)bishoprics of the world (only after the Pope's Holy See and the Catholic Patriarch of Constantinople), by the virtue of Canon Law (CCEO 58, 59.2).

Nevertheless, the incumbent Patriarch is likely to be outranked by many or even most Cardinals, whose higher rank as Princes of the Church is normally not (formally) linked to a see.

Proper diocese[edit]

His proper (arch)eparchy is the Coptic Catholic Eparchy of Alexandria, which has no other Ordinary then the Patriarch. However, he may appoint an Auxiliary bishop for the eparchy, distinct from Auxliaries for the Patriarchate, as was the case with :

As per 2014, it served 35,865 Eastern Catholics in 31 parishes with 73 priests (41 diocesan, 32 religious), 209 lay religious (65 brothers, 144 sisters) and 5 seminarians.

It enjoyed a Papal visit from Pope Francis in April 2017.

Coptic Catholic Patriarchs of Alexandria and precursor Apostolic Vicars[edit]

Coptic Catholic Apostolic Vicars[edit]

BIOs to ELABORATE

Coptic Catholic Patriarchs of Alexandria[edit]

Patriarchate established in 1824 (by Pope Leo XII)

  • Maximos Jouwed, also known as Maximos Givaid (1824.08.15 – death 1831.08.30), Titular Bishop of Uthina (1824.03.09 – 1824.08.15)

Vacant (1831–1899)

    • Apostolic Administrator Théodore Abou-Karim (1832.06.22 – death 1855.09.28), Titular Bishop of Alia (1832.06.22 – 1855.09.28), no other prelature
    • Apostolic Administrator Athanase Khouzan (1855.10.02 – death 1864.02.17), Titular Bishop of Maronia (1855.10.02 – 1864.02.17), no other prelature
    • Apostolic Administrator Abraham Agabio Bsciai (1866.02.27 – 1878), Titular Bishop of Cariopolis (1866.02.27 – 1887.02.20), no other prelature
    • Apostolic Administrator Cyrillus Macaire = Kyrillos Makarios (1895.03.18 – 1899.06.19 see below), Titular Bishop of Cæsarea Paneas (1895.03.15 – 1899.06.19)
BIOs to ELABORATE

Vacant (1908–1947)

See also[edit]

Sources and external links[edit]