Coptic Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria
The Coptic Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria is the Patriarchal and only Metropolitan see of the head of the Eastern sui iuris Coptic Catholic Church, a particular Church in the Catholic Church in full communion with the Holy See, which follows the Alexandrian Rite in its own Coptic language. He is thus the superior of all Coptic dioceses, mostly in and around Egypt (where all its sees are), Copt(ic) being corruptions of the Greek word for Egypt(ian).
It had three false starts, each failing to prove enduring.
- In 1741 a precursor Catholic Apostolic vicariate was established for Alexandria for Coptic Christians wanting to unite with the Holy See.
- On 1824.08.15 a Patriarchal See of Alexandria / Alexandrin(us) Coptorum (Latin) is established on Egyptian territory, split off from the Apostolic Vicariate of Syria, Egypt, Arabia and Cyprus.
- On 1895.11.26 it is restored as Patriarchal See of Alexandria / Alexandrin(us) Coptorum (Latin), again on Egyptian territory, split off from the Apostolic Vicariate of Egypt.
In 1947 it is restored for good as Patriarchal See of Alexandria / Alexandrin(us) Coptorum (Latin).
It lost territories in Egypt repeatedly to establish suffragan sees of Alexandria as Metropolitan :
- on 1982.12.17 the Coptic Catholic Eparchy of Ismayliah
- on 2003.03.21 the Coptic Catholic Eparchy of Guizeh.
The patriarchal see as such ranks third among all Catholic (arch)bishoprics of the world (only after the Pope's Holy See and the Catholic Patriarch of Constantinople), by the virtue of Canon Law (CCEO 58, 59.2).
Nevertheless, the incumbent Patriarch is likely to be outranked by many or even most Cardinals, whose higher rank as Princes of the Church is normally not (formally) linked to a see.
His proper (arch)eparchy is the Coptic Catholic Eparchy of Alexandria, which has no other Ordinary then the Patriarch. However, he may appoint an Auxiliary bishop for the eparchy, distinct from Auxliaries for the Patriarchate, as was the case with :
- Youhanna Kabès (1958.06.07 – death 1985.06.28), Titular Bishop of Cleopatris (1958.06.07 – 1985.06.28).
As per 2014, it served 35,865 Eastern Catholics in 31 parishes with 73 priests (41 diocesan, 32 religious), 209 lay religious (65 brothers, 144 sisters) and 5 seminarians.
It enjoyed a Papal visit from Pope Francis in April 2017.
Coptic Catholic Patriarchs of Alexandria and precursor Apostolic Vicars
Coptic Catholic Apostolic Vicars
- BIOs to ELABORATE
- Athanasios (1741–1744?)
- Giusto Marsghi (1744?–1748)
- Jacques de Kremsier (1748–1751)
- Paolo d'Angnone (1751–1757)
- Giuseppe de Sassello (1757–1761)
- Roche Abou Kodsi Sabak de Ghirgha (1761–1778); (1781); (1783–1785)
- Gervais d'Ormeal (1778–1781)
- Jean Farargi (1781–1783)
- Bishai Nosser (1785–1787)
- Michelangelo Pacelli de Tricario (1787–1788)
- Mathieu Righet (1788–1822)
- Maximos Jouwed (1822–1831) (also carried the title of Patriarch starting 1824)
- Théodore Abu Karim (1832–1855)
- Athanasios Kyriakos Khouzam (1855–1864)
- Agapios Bishai (1866–1876)
- Kyrillos Makarios (1895–1899) (apostolic administrator and Patriarchal vicar, Patriarch starting 1899)
Coptic Catholic Patriarchs of Alexandria
Patriarchate established in 1824 (by Pope Leo XII)
- Maximos Jouwed, also known as Maximos Givaid (1824.08.15 – death 1831.08.30), Titular Bishop of Uthina (1824.03.09 – 1824.08.15)
- Apostolic Administrator Théodore Abou-Karim (1832.06.22 – death 1855.09.28), Titular Bishop of Alia (1832.06.22 – 1855.09.28), no other prelature
- Apostolic Administrator Athanase Khouzan (1855.10.02 – death 1864.02.17), Titular Bishop of Maronia (1855.10.02 – 1864.02.17), no other prelature
- Apostolic Administrator Abraham Agabio Bsciai (1866.02.27 – 1878), Titular Bishop of Cariopolis (1866.02.27 – 1887.02.20), no other prelature
- Apostolic Administrator Cyrillus Macaire = Kyrillos Makarios (1895.03.18 – 1899.06.19 see below), Titular Bishop of Cæsarea Paneas (1895.03.15 – 1899.06.19)
- BIOs to ELABORATE
- Kyrillos Makarios = Cyrillus Macaire (1899–1908) (resigned)
- Markos II Khouzam (see above 1947.08.10 – death 1958.02.02)
- Stéphanos I Sidarouss, Lazarists (C.M.) (later Cardinal) (1947.08.09 – retired 1958.05.10)
- Stéphanos II Ghattas (1986.06.23 – retired 2006.03.30), died 2009
- Auxiliary Bishop: Youhanna Golta (1986.07.27 – 1997), Titular Bishop of Andropolis (1986.07.27 – ...); next Bishop of Curia of the Copts (1997 – ...)
- Auxiliary Bishop: Andraos Salama (1988.11.01 – 1997), Titular Bishop of Barca (1988.11.01 – 2003.03.21); next Eparch (Bishop) of Guizeh of the Copts (Egypt) (2003.03.21 – death 2005.12.06)
- Antonios I Naguib (2006.04.07 – 2013.01.15) (retired)
- Ibrahim Isaac Sidrak (2013.01.18– ...).
- List of Catholic dioceses in Egypt
- List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria
- Coptic Catholic Church
- Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria
- Patriarch of Alexandria
- Latin Patriarch of Alexandria
- Eastern Catholic Churches
- Patriarchs of the east