Coptis chinensis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chinese goldthread
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Coptis
Species:
C. chinensis
Binomial name
Coptis chinensis

Coptis chinensis, the Chinese goldthread, is a species of goldthread flowering plant native to China.

Etymology[edit]

Chemical constituents[edit]

The rhizomes of Coptis chinensis contain the isoquinoline alkaloids berberine,[3] palmatine, and coptisine among others.

Traditional uses[edit]

Coptis chinensis is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it is called duǎn è huánglián (Chinese: 短萼黄连). It has been proved to have anti‐cancer, anti‐inflammatory, and anti‐bacterial properties and to help to improve cardiovascular conditions.[4]

Other uses[edit]

Because of the strong coloring quality of berberine, it has been traditionally used as a dye, especially for wool and other fibers.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Coptis chinensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b Coptis chinensis in BoDD – Botanical Dermatology Database
  3. ^ Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases
  4. ^ Wu, Jiasi; Luo, Yu; Deng, Donghang; Su, Siyu; Li, Sheng; Xiang, Li; Hu, Yingfan; Wang, Ping; Meng, Xianli (December 2019). "Coptisine from Coptis chinensis exerts diverse beneficial properties: A concise review". Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. 23 (12): 7946–7960. doi:10.1111/jcmm.14725. ISSN 1582-1838. PMC 6850926. PMID 31622015.
  5. ^ Gibbs, Peter J.; Seddon, Kenneth R. (1998). Berberine and Huangbo: Ancient Colorants and Dyes. London: British Library. ISBN 978-0-7123-0649-2.[page needed]

External links[edit]