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"Galgulus" redirects here. The genus name Galgulus was also invalidly given to a toad bug genus (now Gelastocoris) by Latreille c. 1802, to the rockfowl (now Picathartes) by Wagler in 1827, and to the brown-eared bulbul (Microscelis amaurotis) by Kittlitz in 1832..
European roller.jpg
Adult European roller
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Coraciidae
Genus: Coracias
Linnaeus, 1758

8, see text


Galgulus Brisson, 1760

Coracias is a genus of the rollers, an Old World family of near passerine birds related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups, blues and browns predominating. The two outer front toes are connected, but not the inner one.

These are insect eaters, usually catching their prey in the air. They often perch prominently whilst hunting, like giant shrikes.

The name is from the Ancient Greek korakías (κορακίας),[1] derived from korax (κόραξ, ‘raven, crow’).[2] Aristotle described the coracias as a bird as big as a crow but has a red beak,[3] which some believe to be the chough.[4]

The species in taxonomic order are:


  1. ^ André Jean François Marie Brochant de Villers; Alexandre Brongniart; Pierre Jean François Turpin (1818). Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles (in French). Levrault. p. 349. 
  2. ^ Craig, John (1854). A New Universal, Technological, Etymological, and Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language. p. 407. 
  3. ^ Camus, Armand-Gaston (1783). Histoire des animaux d'Aristote (in French). Chez la veuve Desaint. p. 225. 
  4. ^ Greek Word Study Tool

External links[edit]