Corallorhiza trifida

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Corallorhiza trifida
Corallorrhiza trifida 05 mg-k.jpg
Scientific classification
C. trifida
Binomial name
Corallorhiza trifida
  • Corallorhiza anandae Malhotra & Balodi
  • Corallorhiza corallorhiza (L.) H.Karst.
  • Corallorhiza dentata Host
  • Corallorhiza ericetorum Drejer
  • Corallorhiza halleri Rich.
  • Corallorhiza innata R.Br.
  • Corallorhiza innata subsp. ericetorum (Drejer) Nyman
  • Corallorhiza innata var. virescens (Drejer) Farr
  • Corallorhiza integra Châtel.
  • Corallorhiza jacquemontii Decne.
  • Corallorhiza nemoralis Sw. ex Nyman
  • Corallorhiza neottia Scop.
  • Corallorhiza occidentalis Bach.Pyl.
  • Corallorhiza verna Nutt.
  • Corallorhiza virescens Drejer
  • Corallorhiza wyomingensis Hellm. & K.Hellm.
  • Cymbidium corallorhiza (L.) Sw.
  • Epidendrum corallorhizon (L.) Poir.
  • Epipactis corallorhiza (L.) Crantz
  • Helleborine corallorhiza (L.) F.W.Schmidt
  • Neottia corallorhiza (L.) Kuntze
  • Ophrys corallorhiza L.

Corallorhiza trifida, commonly known as early coralroot, northern coralroot, or yellow coralroot, is a coralroot orchid native to North America and Eurasia, with a circumboreal distribution. The species has been reported from the United States, Canada, Russia, China, Japan, Korea, India, Nepal, Kashmir, Greenland, Pakistan, and almost every country in Europe.[2][3][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]


Corallorhiza trifida is yellowish green in color, leafless, and partially myco-heterotrophic, deriving some, but not all of its nutrients from association with fungi of genus Tomentella.[10] It also contains chlorophyll, with which it supplies some of its own carbon nutrition via autotrophy.[10]

Closeup of a flower


  1. ^ "Corallorhiza trifida". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew – via The Plant List.
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  4. ^ Magrath, Lawrence K.; Freudenstein, John V. (2002). "Corallorhiza trifida". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 26. New York and Oxford – via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  5. ^ Chen, Xinqi; Gale, Stephan W.; Cribb, Phillip J. "Corallorhiza trifida". Flora of China. 25 – via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  6. ^ Böcher, T. W. 1978. Greenlands Flora 326 pp.
  7. ^ Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. 1980. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa.
  8. ^ Tolmatchev, A. I. 1963. Arkticheskaia Flora SSSR 4: 1–96.
  9. ^ Flora Italiana, Corallorhiza trifida Chatel.
  10. ^ a b Zimmer, K., et al. (2008). The ectomycorrhizal specialist orchid Corallorhiza trifida is a partial myco-heterotroph. New Phytologist 178:2 395-400.

External links[edit]