Corbin as viewed from 14th St. Hill, 2006
Location of Corbin, Kentucky
|Counties||Whitley, Knox, Laurel|
|• Mayor||Willard McBurney|
|• Total||7.9 sq mi (20.6 km2)|
|• Land||7.9 sq mi (20.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||1,079 ft (329 m)|
|• Density||920.1/sq mi (355.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0511536|
Corbin is a home rule-class city in Whitley and Knox counties in the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Kentucky. The urbanized area around Corbin extends into Laurel County; this area is not incorporated into the city limits due to a state law prohibiting cities from being in more than two counties. However, this area is served by some of the city's public services. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 7,304, with 21,132 living in the "urban cluster" that includes Corbin and North Corbin.
The first settlement in the Corbin area was known as Lynn Camp Station and the first post office was called Cummins for community founder Nelson Cummins. It was discovered in 1885 that both Cummins and Lynn Camp were already in use as names for Kentucky post offices and postmaster James Eaton was asked to select another name. He chose Corbin, for Rev. James Corbin Floyd, a local minister. The town was incorporated under that name in 1905.
Corbin has a somewhat troubled racial past, including a race riot in 1919 in which a white mob forced nearly all the town's 200 black residents onto a freight train out of town, and a sundown town policy until the late 20th century.
According to the United States Census Bureau, it has a total area of 7.9 sq mi (20 km2), with only a tiny fraction of 0.044 sq mi (0.11 km2), or 0.56%, consisting of water.
Corbin lies in the Cumberland Plateau region of Appalachia in southeastern Kentucky. The Pine Mountain Overthrust Fault, a geologic fault system located several miles to the east, produces occasional tremors, the most recent in 2008.
Corbin exhibits a humid subtropical climate, typical of southeastern Kentucky. The region experiences four distinct seasons, Winters are cool to cold, with mild periods. Summers are generally hot and humid, with variable spring and fall seasons. Precipitation is common year round, but more prevalent in the summer months. The climate of Corbin is somewhat moderated by the surrounding mountains.
|Climate data for Corbin, Kentucky|
|Record high °F (°C)||74
|Average high °F (°C)||44
|Average low °F (°C)||25
|Record low °F (°C)||−25
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||4.01
|Source: The Weather Channel.|
The entire city of Corbin is located in the London, Kentucky micropolitan area, whose current boundaries were established in 2013 by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget in coordination with the United States Census Bureau. Previously, the London micropolitan area had consisted solely of Laurel County, while the Whitley County portion of Corbin was the principal city of its own micropolitan area that consisted solely of that county. Both entities were in turn the components of a statistical entity officially known as the "Corbin–London, KY Combined Statistical Area". The CSA had a combined population of 94,486 at the 2010 census. The Knox County portion of Corbin was outside the former Corbin–London statistical area, but is now included in the redefined London micropolitan area.
As of the census of 2010, there were 7,304 people, 3,093 households, and 1,903 families residing in the city. The population density was 920.1 people per square mile (355.3/km²). There were 3,507 housing units at an average density of 441.8 per square mile (170.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.41% White (96.69% non-Hispanic), 0.26% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. No Pacific Islanders lived in the city in 2010. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.19% of the population.
There were 3,093 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.5% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.91.
The age distribution was 22.5% under 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 or older. The median age was 41.6 years. For every 100 females there were 80.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.8 males.
Income data from the 2010 Census for Kentucky locations has not yet been released. As of the 2000 Census, the median income for a household in the city was $22,203, and the median income for a family was $32,784. Males had a median income of $27,323 versus $17,568 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,200. About 15.5% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.
Originally provided by L&N Railroad, rail transport was the backbone of the local economy in the first half of the twentieth century. While the railroad (presently CSX) continues to play an important role, the decline of the rail industry in the latter half of the twentieth century, as well as the loss of some manufacturing jobs due to globalization, has prompted the community to begin diversifying its economy.
Each year in early August, Corbin hosts a festival called NIBROC (Corbin spelled backwards) featuring open-air concerts, carnival attractions, a beauty pageant, parade, and other events. The festival is featured, if anachronistically, in the play Last Train to Nibroc by Arlene Hutton. (Though the play is set in the 1940s, the festival itself only dates to 1952.) NIBROC oftens features free performances by popular musical acts such as Kansas, Joan Jett and The Blackhearts, 38 Special, Foghat, Starship, Percy Sledge, The Turtles, and The Marshall Tucker Band. In episode 10 of the American reality-documentary television series On the Road with Austin & Santino on Lifetime entitled "We Love a Parade," the fashion designers visit Corbin to custom design a dress for a local woman participating in the NIBROC parade.
Despite being in dry counties (Knox and Whitley), the city of Corbin allows full retail alcohol sales, following a successful local option election on February 14, 2012. The city had previously voted in 2004 to allow sales of alcohol by the drink in larger restaurants.
Corbin has an association with Kentucky Fried Chicken, having been the location of the chain's first restaurant, opened in 1930. Corbin appears in the animated cartoon South Park's episode "Medicinal Fried Chicken", wherein Eric Cartman visits the town to meet with Harland Sanders. Corbin is depicted as located in a lush rain forest in parody of the 1983 film Scarface, wherein Tony Montana and Omar Suarez visit Bolivia to meet with a drug kingpin.
Corbin is also mentioned in the season 4 premiere of Justified, in which the town's name can been seen on the newspaper being delivered in the opening scene.
Corbin is governed by a mayor and city commission; since it does not have a mayor/alderman form of government, it is considered home rule-class under Kentucky's current city classification system that took effect in 2015. Willard McBurney is the current mayor. Suzie Razmus, Joe Shelton, Ed Tye, and Bruce Hodge are its four current Commissioners.
Corbin is one of the few cities in Kentucky that lie in two counties—Whitley and Knox. Many built-up areas in neighboring Laurel County have a Corbin postal address, but lie outside of the city limits. This arrangement has created some problems with taxes, and also the census records. The city receives a portion of the occupational tax collected in Whitley County, but Knox County has refused to give Corbin a part of the tax collected there. On March 10, 2008, the City Commission voted to file a lawsuit against Knox County to receive a portion of the tax collected within city limits. On May 23, 2014, the Kentucky Court of Appeals ruled that the "Stivers amendment", passed as part of KY HB 499 "Tax Amnesty" legislation in 2012, did not violate the state's constitution. The measure essentially cancelled the effect of court rulings that would have enabled the city of Corbin to keep all the revenue from the tax generated inside the city limits. Corbin's mayor, Willard McBurney, vowed to carry the fight to the state Supreme Court.
Corbin is located in Kentucky's 5th Congressional District.
Corbin, like many communities of its size in southeastern Kentucky, has an independent school system (in Kentucky, a public school system not affiliated with a county; most such districts are associated with individual cities). The district was officially established in 1916 and the 100th class will graduate in 2017. The Corbin Independent School District includes:
- Corbin Preschool Center
- Corbin Primary (grades K-2) (Currently housed by newest building in the district that was rebuilt entirely)
- Corbin Elementary (grades 3-4)
- Corbin Intermediate (grades 5-6)
- Corbin Middle (grades 7-8) (Currently housed by oldest building in the district)
- Corbin High (grades 9-12) (Currently housed by newest building in district (expansion and remodel/ not rebuilt entirely))
- Corbin Vocational
The community also places considerable emphasis on the success of its high school athletic teams. "Redhounds" games, especially football, are important social events for many within the community.
In 2004, Eastern Kentucky University opened an extension campus in Corbin.
The annual Battle for the Brass Lantern, a college football rivalry game between the University of the Cumberlands and Union College, was played at Corbin High School's stadium in 2006 and 2007, as a neutral field roughly equidistant from the two campuses. The rivalry dates to 1905.
Corbin was formerly home to Saint Camillus Academy, a private pre-K-8 school affiliated with the Catholic Diocese of Lexington, Kentucky. Established in 1908 by the Sisters of Divine Providence, the school has been successful as both a boarding school for national and international students and as a Montessori school. Its original schoolhouse, built in 1913, was demolished in summer 2008. The new school building is still situated atop a prominent hill overlooking the town, providing a striking backdrop to the streets of downtown Corbin. The school closed in 2012 after 99 years of service. The property and grounds of the school were sold to the Corbin School System to house a new Corbin Middle School due to rapidly increasing student population and age of the current building.
Sites of interest
- Cumberland Falls State Resort Park, the site of a waterfall, one of the few in the Western Hemisphere that regularly produces a moonbow, is 19 miles (31 km) to the southwest.
- Harland Sanders Café and Museum, the birthplace of Kentucky Fried Chicken (though not sold as the KFC/Kentucky Fried Chicken brand at the time) is located in North Corbin. The restaurant and accompanying museum are popular with tour groups traveling along Interstate 75.
- The Arena at the Southeastern Kentucky Ag and Expo Complex, a multi-purpose venue on top of a hill across from the Baptist Regional Medical Center, near the Tri-County Cineplex
- Nearby Laurel River Lake, created by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1974, is a popular recreational site for boating, fishing, water skiing, and scuba diving.
- Cumberland Gap and Cumberland Gap National Historical Park are about 50 miles (80 km) south of Corbin on U.S. Highway 25E at the Tennessee border.
- The Times-Tribune, a daily afternoon newspaper
- News Journal, weekly newspaper covering both Corbin (headquarters) and the Whitley County, Kentucky area including Williamsburg, Kentucky.
- WCTT AM 680, (Great 68)(Oldies)
- WKDP AM 1330
- WEKF FM 88.5, (Eastern Ky Univ. Affiliate)
- WVCT FM 91.5, (Gospel Eagle)(Southern Gospel)
- WKDP FM 99.5, (Country)
- WCTT FM 107.3, (T-107)(Adult Contemporary)
- WRHR-LPFM 95.3, (Also Known As Corbin's Own Red 95.3)(broadcast by the Corbin High School)
- WVTN (Channel 22 Time Warner Cable) (religious)(broadcast from Corbin with local and regional churches and religious syndicated programs part of the radio station WVCT 91.5)
- RBS (Channel 18 Time Warner Cable) (Corbin school district information broadcasting the WRHR radio station red 95.3)
- YHC (Channel 21 on Time Warner Cable) (Broadcasts local and regional business infomercials and print on screen ads playing Contemporary Christian Music)
- Rodger Bird, American football player
- Ensley A. Carpenter, a doctor, who once lived in Corbin, after whom the town of Carpenter, Kentucky was named.
- Ted Cremer, American football player
- Debbie Dean, pop singer, first white solo artist signed to Motown Records.
- Roy Kidd, American football coach, member of the College Football Hall of Fame
- Arthur Lake, actor who played Dagwood Bumstead in the Blondie movies
- Ronni Lundy, food and music writer, cookbook author, and Southern Foodways Alliance Lifetime Achievement Award winner
- George McAfee, American football player
- Colonel Harland Sanders, entrepreneur and founder of the Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurant chain
- Frank Selvy, Basketball Player
- B. F. Shelton, old-timey banjo player
- Mabel Martin Wyrick, Writer
- "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Corbin-Times Tribune, 1906. James Eaton is quoted as saying he named the town for Rev. Floyd, "the finest man I know."
- "MONTHLY AVERAGES for Corbin, KY". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). United States Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
- "MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS, December 2006, WITH CODES". United States Census Bureau. Office of Management and Budget. 2007-05-11. Archived from the original on 2008-03-23. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- "COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENT CORE BASED STATISTICAL AREAS, December 2006, WITH CODES". United States Census Bureau. Office of Management and Budget. 2007-05-11. Archived from the original on 2008-03-03. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Bellafante, Ginia (11 April 2007). "Three Plays Portray a Couple Bound by Love and Conflict". New York Times.
- Noble, Jeff (February 15, 2012). "Corbin says 'Yes'". The Times-Tribune (Corbin, Kentucky). Retrieved April 8, 2012.
- "Corbin gets mention in 'South Park' episode". The Times-Tribune.com. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Shelton, Tye re-elected, Joe White loses seat". The Times-Tribune.com. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- Swindler, Samantha (2008-03-11). "Corbin to sue Knox County". Times-Tribune. p. 1A.
- Knuckles, Trent (June 11, 2014). "Corbin loses occupational tax case appeal". The News Journal (Corbin, KY, USA). Archived from the original on 2015-07-17. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- Corbin/Williamsburg News Journal, Corbin, KY: Moving to Corbin; Battle of Lantern will be played at Campbell Field. By Jim McAllister. July 20, 2006.
- "History". Cumberland Falls State Resort Park. Kentucky Department of Parks. Archived from the original on 2015-06-04. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- Henson, Robby (Director) (1991-01-01). Trouble Behind (Documentary). Event occurs at 56 min.
- City of Corbin
- Corbin Economic Development Agency
- Corbin Independent School District
- Corbin, Kentucky at DMOZ