Corcoran School of the Arts and Design
|George Washington University|
|Location||Washington, D.C., U.S.|
The Corcoran School of the Arts and Design (originally the Corcoran School of Art and, before 2014, the Corcoran College of the Arts and Design), founded in 1890, is an art and design school in Washington, D.C., United States. In 2014, the formerly independent college and the Corcoran Gallery of Art closed, with school operations being assumed by the George Washington University (GWU), and the gallery collection given free to the National Gallery of Art, part of the Smithsonian Institution.
The School's Beginning
William Wilson Corcoran founded the Corcoran Gallery of Art in 1869. Construction had begun at 17th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue in 1859, but shortly after the exterior work was completed, the Quartermaster General's corps of the Union Army occupied the building, setting up offices for the duration of the Civil War.
Work resumed immediately after the conclusion of the war, with Corcoran formally founding his gallery as an institution in 1869. The first special event held that year was a fundraiser for the completion of the Washington Monument. Corcoran's gallery welcomed its first visitors in 1874 and art students immediately flocked to the gallery, eager to sketch and paint copies of the collection's famous works.
In 1877 the painter E.F. Andrews (1835–1915) started offering the visiting students and artists formal instruction in two dimensional media for no cost to the student. In 1878 William Wilson Corcoran donated additional funding to be used to establish a school to be associated with the gallery. After Corcoran's 1888 death, a small building was built in 1889 for the purpose of the gallery's burgeoning identity as a place for education in the arts. In 1890 the school officially opened as the Corcoran School of Art.
By the 1890s, both the gallery and the school programs had outgrown their respective spaces. A new, larger building designed by Ernest Flagg was constructed in 1897 at New York Avenue and 17th Street, with the basement level dedicated to workshops and studios for the students, and an upper two floors given over to large gallery spaces. From 1897 to the 1930s, the school continued in a modest existence for art students interested in a museum school. By the 1930s, the school had begun expanding: commercial art classes, scholarships, children's courses, the library, ceramics facilities and courses, weekend classes and summer opportunities were added at this time.
Successful accreditation in the National Association of Schools of Art (NASAD) was achieved by the mid-1970s, with the first BFA degree bestowed in 1978. During this time artists that taught for the school included Ed McGowin, William Christenberry, and Paul Reed.
Starting in the 1970s, College utilized three facilities: the historic Flagg Building housed fine art facilities, the fine art photography and photojournalism facilities. A second building, located in Georgetown, housing the Digital Media, Graphic Design, and New Media Photojournalism programs, as well as many fine art offerings in painting and drawing. Additional programs were offered through the Smithsonian's S. Dillon Ripley Center. In 1985, the college was formally accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.
In 1999, the school was formally re-named as The Corcoran College of Art and Design and worked to further its reputation as the singular four-year arts and design institution in Washington, D.C. As a museum school, students and faculty benefited from co-existing with the Corcoran Gallery with its more than 17,000 works and objects. In the later years of the gallery, a dedicated space known as Studio 31 displayed student art, in addition to special biennials and exhibitions of student work on display throughout the year. The annual NEXT show, staged at the end of each academic year, displayed student senior thesis projects to the greater DC community.
In 2014, a D.C. Superior Court approved agreement saw the closure of the Gallery and the passing of most of the original collection into the public National Gallery of Art. The Flagg Building and college operations were given to the George Washington University, which today operates the Corcoran School of the Arts and Design within their Columbian College of Arts & Sciences.
The Corcoran College of Art and Design offered the degrees of Bachelor of Fine Arts (in Fine Arts, Photography, Photojournalism, Graphic Design, Digital Media Design, and Interior Design), Bachelor of Arts (in Art Studies), Master of Arts (in Art and the Book, Interior Design, Exhibition Design, Art Education, and—in partnership with the Smithsonian Associates—History of Decorative Arts), a Masters in New Media Photojournalism, a Master of Arts in Teaching, and a joint BFA/MAT program.
Students are exposed to internships with organizations including National Geographic Magazine, embassies, and White House news photographers; summer study abroad trips in Italy, Greece, and India; and visiting artists such as Annie Leibovitz, Shepard Fairey, Maya Lin, Abelardo Morell, and William Pope. For a period of time in the spring, senior students' works for their senior theses are exhibited within the museum, giving the students experience in gallery openings as well as public exposure to their work.
The College's Continuing Education Program, which offers partial credit and non-credit classes to children and adults, draws more than 3,500 participants every year. The Corcoran offers a pre-college portfolio development program in the summer for high school students.
Notable Alumni and Students
- Aurelius Battaglia - Former Disney artist and children's book illustrator.
- Jared Leto - American musician and actor
- Tim Gunn - American fashion expert and television personality.
- David Lynch - American filmmaker, painter, composer, video artist and performance artist.
- Tara Donovan - American installation artist.
- Bjorn Peter Egeli - American-Norwegian Portrait Painter.
- Eugene Goossen (1921–1997) - Art critic and historian.
- Bernard O. Gruenke - (February 17, 1913 – March 31, 2012) was an American stained glass artist.
- Edwin Finckel - Composer.
- Frederick Hart - American sculptor.
- Nan Hoover--(1931-2008) American photographer, video artist, and performance artist
- Eugene J. Martin - American visual artist.
- Bruce Jurgens - American Artist and Producer.
- Jody Mussoff - American artist.
- Sonya Rapoport - American artist.
- Ian Svenonius - American musician and author.
- Salarrué - Salvadoran writer, poet, and painter.
- Duff Goldman - American Pastry Chef and television personality.
- Kim Kirkpatrick - Photographer.
- Rostin Rostai - Photographer, Painter, Cyclist Extraordinaire.
- Pacita Abad - Painter.
- Ruth Chew - Author.
- Spencer Baird Nichols (1875–1950) - American painter, illustrator and muralist.
- Josephine Lutz Rollins - Painter and Watercolor artist
- David Montgomery, Corcoran Gallery of Art and College to split apart, partnering with National Gallery, GWU, Washington Post (February 19, 2014).
- Peggy McGlone, University names first director of Corcoran School of the Arts and Design, Washington Post (August 4, 2015).
- Colleen Murphy & Allison Kowalski, Columbian College to absorb Corcoran school, GW Hatchet (June 12, 2014).
- History of the Corcoran / Corcoran Gallery of Art
- E. J. Applewhite (1993). Washington Itself: An Informal Guide to the Capital of the United States. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 123.
- Dobryznski, Judith H. "Eugene Goossen, 76, Art Critic", The New York Times, July 17, 1997. Accessed July 25, 2010.
- Craftsmen of Wisconsin by Bertha Kitchell Whyte, 1971, Western Publishing Company, Library of Congress 79-150495
- Edwin Finckel, artistled.com, accessed 1 January 2011
- Artists and Architects, National Academy Museum 1083 Fifth Avenue New York, New York 10128 accessed June 4, 2015 http://www.nationalacademy.org/collections/artists/detail/833/