Corcovado Rack Railway
|Corcovado Rack Railway|
|Termini||Cosme Velho |
|Line length||3.8 km (2.36 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge|
|Electrification||Two three-phase 800 V AC 60 Hz|
|Highest elevation||670 m (2,198 ft)|
The Corcovado Train (Portuguese: Trem do Corcovado) is a rack railway in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from Cosme Velho to the summit of the Corcovado Mountain at an altitude of 710 m (2,329 ft). The summit is known for its statue of Christ the Redeemer and its views over the city and beaches of Rio.
The line is 3.8 km (2.4 mi) long. It is a 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) gauge rack railway using the Riggenbach rack system. The line was opened by Emperor Dom Pedro II on 9 October 1884. Initially steam hauled, the line was the first railway to be electrified in Brazil in 1910, and was re-equipped in 1980 with trains built by SLM of Winterthur in Switzerland. It is one of the few remaining railways using three-phase electric power with two overhead wires, at 800 V 60 Hz.
A new re-equippement took 2019 place, when the trains were replaced by swiss Stadtler Rail. Instead of at 15 kilometres per hour, the new vehicles are reaching a maximum speed of 25 kilometers per hour. So the rise will be realised in 15 minutes. During the descend energy recovered by regenerative brake, which leads to a saving of 75% of the power consumption is realised.
There are four trains, each of two cars. Three of them are used simultaneously. The trip takes approximately 20 minutes and departs every 20 minutes, giving a capacity of 540 passengers per hour. Due to this limited capacity the wait at the entry station can be several hours. The line operates from 08:30 to 18:30 (8:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m.).
- Article "Rio de Janeiro: City of contrasts, quality metro" by C. J. Wansbeck, in Tramways & Urban Transit magazine, March 2005, published by the Light Rail Transit Association.
- Web page http://www.pell.portland.or.us/~efbrazil/efcorc.html and descendants, retrieved 2 March 2005, 2100 GMT.
- Web page https://web.archive.org/web/20061008210035/http://www.corcovado.com.br/principal.asp?lingua=English%27%27 and descendants, retrieved 2 March 2005, 2100 GMT.
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