Corda, Ribeira Grande

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Corda
Settlement
Corda is located in Cape Verde
Corda
Corda
Coordinates: 17°08′10″N 25°05′17″W / 17.136°N 25.088°W / 17.136; -25.088Coordinates: 17°08′10″N 25°05′17″W / 17.136°N 25.088°W / 17.136; -25.088
Country Cape Verde
Island Santo Antão
Municipality Ribeira Grande
Civil parish Santo Crucifixo
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 833

Corda is a settlement in the island of Santo Antão, Cape Verde. It is situated in the mountainous interior of the island and on a central plateau 1,200 to 1,500 meters high, 13 km north of the island capital Porto Novo. Its population are scattered in some hamets around the area.

Some of the localities includes Espongeiro and Água das Caldeiras - these makes up the center of the settlement.

About the village[edit]

Estrada da Corda runs in the area of the settlement

Around the area is passed by the difficult Estrada de Corda (EN1-SA2, formerly the LBRA2), first constructed in 1962 and no longer the main road linking the north and the south and the west of the island in 2009. Around 2 to 3 kilometers south is a huge caldera named Cova dominating 1 km in diameter and forms the second largest after Chã das Caldeiras.

The northern part are cliffs as well as agricultural land and groves and barren areas, the south consists of primarily pine and deciduous forests making up of the Cape Verde Islands dry forests.

A species of cuckoo bees Thyreus and Chiasmognathus batelkai are founded in Espongeiro and the Corda area, they were recorded and described on 13 October 2009 and were named in 2012 after Jan Batelka, a prominent collector of the new species, authority on the systematics of beetles, and close friend.[2] Also a subspecies of butterflies, Leptotes pirithous capvertis are founded in the area (with Águas das Caldeiras as its type locality) named in 2011.[3]

Geology[edit]

Its geology is inside the Cova Group of rock formation that includes Paul and Corda. The formation was formed around 1.4 million to 700,000 years ago.[4]

Climate data for Espongeiros[edit]

The yearly rainall in Espongeiro amounts to 351 millimeters making it the wettest on the island as it is on higher elevation compared to the coastal and southern areas, also temperatures are continental and cool and the coolest on the island and fanges from 10 to 19 °C (50–66 °F). The wettest month is September with 105 millimeters, fewer than Sinagoga and the driest months are May and June without any precipitation

Climate data for Espongeiro, 1250-1400 metres ASL
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
15.3
(59.5)
15.9
(60.6)
16.3
(61.3)
17.2
(63)
17.9
(64.2)
19.0
(66.2)
20.0
(68)
20.3
(68.5)
19.8
(67.6)
18.5
(65.3)
16.5
(61.7)
17.7
(63.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.2
(55.8)
12.8
(55)
13.2
(55.8)
13.6
(56.5)
14.5
(58.1)
15.3
(59.5)
16.3
(61.3)
17.3
(63.1)
17.7
(63.9)
17.4
(63.3)
16.0
(60.8)
14.4
(57.9)
15.1
(59.2)
Average low °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
10.4
(50.7)
10.6
(51.1)
10.9
(51.6)
11.9
(53.4)
12.8
(55)
13.7
(56.7)
14.7
(58.5)
15.1
(59.2)
15.0
(59)
13.6
(56.5)
12.3
(54.1)
12.7
(54.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 24
(0.94)
4
(0.16)
4
(0.16)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
20
(0.79)
82
(3.23)
105
(4.13)
55
(2.17)
31
(1.22)
25
(0.98)
351
(13.82)
Source: Climate-Data.ORG

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 Census results". Instituto Nacional de Estatística Cabo Verde (in Portuguese). 17 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Straka, J.; Engel, M.S (2012). The apid cuckoo bees of the Cape Verde Islands (Hymenoptera, Apidae). ZooKeys. p. 77-109. doi:10.3897/zookeys.218.3683. 
  3. ^ Libert, M.; Baliteau, L.; Baliteau, S. 2011: Two new Lycaenidae from Cape Verde (Lepidoptera). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, 116(1): 63–67.
  4. ^ Holm, Paul Martin (2006). Sampling the Cape Verde Mantle Plume: Evolution of Melt Compositions on Santo Antão, Cape Verde Island. 47. p. 145-18. doi:10.1093/petrology/egi071.