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Temporal range: Pennsylvanian–Changhsingian
Cordaites lungatus JdP.jpg
Cordaites lungatus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Cordaitales
Family: Cordaitaceae
Genus: Cordaites
Species[citation needed]
  • C. daviessensis
  • C. hislopii
  • C. kinneyensis
  • C. ludlowi
  • C. lungatus
  • C. minshallensis
  • C. olneyensis
  • C. principalis

Cordaites is an important genus of extinct gymnosperms which grew on wet ground similar to the Everglades in Florida. Brackish water mussels and crustacea are found frequently between the roots of these trees. The fossils are found in rock sections from the Upper Carboniferous (323 to 299 million years ago) of the Dutch - Belgian - German coal area. A number of many noteworthy types from this line are:

  • Cordaites principalis
  • Cordaites ludlowi (named after Ludlow, a coal area in England)
  • Cordaites hislopii. Found in Paleorrota geopark in Brazil.[1]

In contrast to many other plants, fossilized Cordaites seeds are not rare, because they are rather large (up to 10 mm); those seeds are named Cordaicarpus.


  1. ^ Karen Adami-Rodrigues; Paulo Alves De Souza; Roberto Iannuzzi & Irajá Damiani Pinto (2004), "Herbivoria Em Floras Gonduânicas Do Neopaleózoico Do Rio Grande Do Sul: Análise Quantitativa" (PDF), Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia, 7 (2): 93–102, doi:10.4072/rbp.2004.2.01

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