Cordillera Oriental (Colombia)

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Cordillera Oriental (Eastern Ranges)
Cordillera Orientale de Colombia.jpg
Highest point
PeakRitacuba Blanco[1]
Elevation5,410 m (17,750 ft)
ListingAltiplano Cundiboyacense, Serranía de los Yariguíes, Serranía de las Quinchas, Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Serranía del Perijá
Length1,200 km (750 mi) SW-NE
Area144,252 km2 (55,696 sq mi)
Parent rangeAndes
Age of rockNeoproterozoic-Holocene
Mountain typeAndean Subduction-related orogen

The Cordillera Oriental (English: Eastern Ranges) is the widest of the three branches of the Colombian Andes. The range extends from south to north dividing from the Colombian Massif in Huila Department to Norte de Santander Department where it splits into the Serranía del Perijá and the Cordillera de Mérida in Venezuelan Andes. The highest peak is Ritacuba Blanco at 5,410 m (17,750 ft) in the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy.


The western part of the Cordillera Oriental belongs to the Magdalena River basin, while the eastern part includes the river basins of the Amazon River, Orinoco River, and Catatumbo River. Within it, the Altiplano Cundiboyacense and the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy (with the only snowy peaks in this mountain range) stand out. The mountain range contains the most páramos in the world, of which Ocetá is widely considered the most beautiful.

Protected areas[edit]

Regional geology[edit]

Cretaceous stratigraphy of the central Colombian Eastern Ranges
Age Paleomap VMM Guaduas-Vélez W Emerald Belt Villeta anticlinal Chiquinquirá-
Altiplano Cundiboyacense El Cocuy
Maastrichtian Blakey 065Ma - COL.jpg Umir Fm. Córdoba Fm. Seca Fm. eroded Guadalupe Gp. Colón-Mito Juan Fm.
Umir Fm.
Campanian Córdoba Fm.
Oliní Gp.
Santonian La Luna Fm. Cimarrona Fm. - La Tabla Fm. La Luna Fm.
Coniacian Oliní Gp. Conejo Fm. Chipaque Fm.
Loma Gorda Fm. undefined La Frontera Fm.
Turonian Blakey 090Ma - COL.jpg Hondita Fm. La Frontera Fm. Otanche Fm.
Cenomanian Simití Fm. hiatus La Corona Gb. Simijaca Fm. Capacho Fm.
Pacho Fm. Hiló Fm. - Pacho Fm. Churuvita Fm. Une Fm. Aguardiente Fm.
Albian Blakey 105Ma - COL.jpg Hiló Fm. Chiquinquirá Sst. Tibasosa Fm. Une Fm.
Tablazo Fm. Tablazo Fm. Capotes Fm. - La Palma Fm. - Simití Fm. Simití Fm. Tibú-Mercedes Fm.
Aptian Capotes Fm. Socotá Fm. - El Peñón Fm. Paja Fm. Fómeque Fm.
Paja Fm. Paja Fm. El Peñón Fm. Trincheras Fm. Río Negro Fm.
La Naveta Fm.
Barremian Blakey 120Ma - COL.jpg
Hauterivian Muzo Fm. Las Juntas Fm.
Rosablanca Fm. Ritoque Fm.
Valanginian Ritoque Fm. Furatena Fm. Útica Fm. - Murca Fm. Rosablanca Fm. Girón Fm. Macanal Fm.
Rosablanca Fm.
Berriasian Blakey 150Ma - COL.jpg Cumbre Fm. Cumbre Fm. Los Medios Fm. Guavio Fm.
Tambor Fm. Arcabuco Fm. Cumbre Fm.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Cordillera Oriental (Colombia)". Retrieved 20 February 2013.