Penibaetic System

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Penibaetic System
Sistema Penibético
Veleta desde cima Mulhacen.JPG
The Veleta summit seen from the Mulhacén
Highest point
Peak Mulhacén
Elevation 3,479 m (11,414 ft)
Length 505 km (314 mi) ENE/WSW
Width 63 km (39 mi) NNW/SSE
Penibaetic System is located in Spain
Penibaetic System
Penibaetic System
Country Spain
Range coordinates 37°5′0″N 3°4′0″W / 37.08333°N 3.06667°W / 37.08333; -3.06667Coordinates: 37°5′0″N 3°4′0″W / 37.08333°N 3.06667°W / 37.08333; -3.06667
Parent range Baetic System
Orogeny Alpine orogeny
Age of rock Cenozoic
Type of rock Limestone
Schematic representation of the Baetic System of mountain ranges
Upper Valdeinfierno river basin in Sierra Nevada
Sierra de Enmedio near Puerto Lumbreras, at the eastern end of the system
Map of the Baetic System within Andalusia

The Penibaetic System (Spanish: Sistema Penibético or Cordillera Penibética[1]) is the southernmost of the three systems of mountain ranges of the Baetic System in the southern Iberian Peninsula. It includes the highest point in the peninsula, 3,478 m high Mulhacén in the Sierra Nevada.[2]


The Penibaetic System runs along the south coast of Andalusia, from the province of Cádiz, across the province of Almería, into the Region of Murcia until reaching the Campo de Cartagena. Along its northern side, across the intermontane basins known as the Hoya de Baza and the Hoya de Guadix, runs the Subbaetic System.

The Intrabaetic Basin (Spanish: Surco Intrabético), a discontinuous series of valleys, separates the Cordillera Penibética from the Cordillera Subbética in the north.[3]

Mountain ranges[edit]

The main mountain ranges that make up the Penibaetic complex are, from west to east, the Serranía de Ronda, the Sierra de Grazalema, the Sierra de Tejeda, Sierra de Almijara,[4] the Sierra Nevada, the Sierra de la Contraviesa, the Sierra de Gádor, the Sierra de Baza, and the Sierra de los Filabres. The following list includes lesser ranges:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Embalse del Taibilla
  2. ^ Introduction to the Birds of Spain
  3. ^ Manuel de Terán et al. Geografía General de España, Editorial Ariel ISBN 84-344-3444-X
  4. ^ Axarquia, Medio Natural

External links[edit]