Cordova, Cebu

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Cordova
Municipality
Municipality of Cordova
View along Day-As boardwalk
View along Day-As boardwalk
Official seal of Cordova
Seal
Map of Cebu with Cordova highlighted
Map of Cebu with Cordova highlighted
Cordova is located in Philippines
Cordova
Cordova
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°15′N 123°57′E / 10.25°N 123.95°E / 10.25; 123.95Coordinates: 10°15′N 123°57′E / 10.25°N 123.95°E / 10.25; 123.95
Country  Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu
District 6th district of Cebu
Founded 1960
Barangays 13 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Teche Cho
 • Vice Mayor Victor Tago
 • Congressman Jonas Cortes
 • Electorate 34,273 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 17.15 km2 (6.62 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 59,712
 • Density 3,500/km2 (9,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code 6017
PSGC 072220000
IDD:area code +63 (0)32
Climate type Tropical climate
Income class 3rd municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 130,062,371.57 (2016)
Native languages Cebuano
Tagalog
Website cordova.gov.ph

Cordova, officially the Municipality of Cordova, (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Cordova; Tagalog: Bayan ng Cordova), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 59,712 people.[3]

Also spelled Cordoba, most of the municipality lies on separate islands off the southern coast of Mactan Island. It is connected to the main island of Mactan by two bridges with a third to be opened by 2021.[4][5]

Cordova is bordered to the north by the city of Lapu-Lapu, to the west is the Mactan Channel, to the east is Olango Island, and to the south is Cebu Strait.

History[edit]

On 22 May 1863, the Spanish Governor General of Philippines Rafael Echagüe y Bermingham (1815-1887) created a new town comprising the barrios of Gabi, Day‑as and Pilipul (now called Pilipog), all of which are located on the southeastern tip of Mactan Island. Some authors think he chose the name Cordoba which means "stark nakedness and bare", but they do not indicate in what language. However, Before to be Governor in Philippines, in 1858, Rafael Echagüe y Bermingham was representative in the Spanish Congress of Deputies for the province of Cordoba (Spain), so he should have given that name in memory of his previous experiences.

In addition to the Spanish and Philippine, there are other cities or provinces named Cordoba, Cordova or Las Cordobas in Argentina, Colombia, USA and Mexico, all of them founded and named by Spanish, in memory of the Spanish Cordoba or the surname/family name of its founders.

Cordova became a municipality in 1864, and from 1913 up to the present, a total of 15 mayors governed the district.

A future 3rd bridge that will connect mainland Cebu to the small island of Cordova and will commence on March 1, 2018 and the project has a completion date of December 2021.[6][7]

Geography[edit]

Geographically, Cordova consists of a main island, bordering on and separated from Mactan Island by a narrow stream, as well as the islets of Gilutongan (also spelled Hilutungan), Nalusuan, Shell, Tongo and Lava. The two islets of Gilutongan and Nalusuan are part of the Olango Island Group in the middle of the Cebu Strait. Its land area is 789.6 hectares (1,951 acres), of which 740.85 hectares (1,830.7 acres) constitutes the main island and 48.75 hectares (120.5 acres) are outlying islets.[8]

The surface of the town consists entirely of karstic limestone rock geologically associated with the Plio-Pleistocene Carcar Formation, dated to 2½–3 million years ago. The topography of Cordova is flat land, the highest point being only 10 metres (33 ft) above sea level.[8]

A PRIVATE firm is set to build a Mangrove Propagation and Information Center in Barangay Day-as in the town of Cordova, a facility that will help the local government protect its mangroves. Metro Pacific Investments Foundation (MPIF), the corporate social responsibility (CSR) arm of Metro Pacific Investments Corp. (MPIC), will build the center in the middle of a 500-square-meter mangrove plantation in Barangay Day-as. Cordova has at least two hectares of mangroves that surround several of its barangays.[9]

Climate[edit]

Corbova
Average annual temperature in Corbova is 27·6°C
Humidity 75–85%

Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
114
 
 
30
23
 
 
85
 
 
30
23
 
 
50
 
 
31
23
 
 
56
 
 
33
24
 
 
93
 
 
33
25
 
 
172
 
 
32
24
 
 
188
 
 
32
24
 
 
148
 
 
32
24
 
 
168
 
 
32
24
 
 
194
 
 
32
24
 
 
164
 
 
32
24
 
 
130
 
 
31
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Climate: Cordova

The climate of Cordova is of Coronas type III, meaning the seasons are not very pronounced and are classified as hot and humid.

Its temperature ranges from 18 to 35 °C (65 to 95 °F), with a mean high temperature of 31 °C (88 °F) and a mean low of 23 °C (74 °F).[8]

Barangays[edit]

Cordova comprises 13 barangays:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[10]
072220001 Alegria 5.9% 3,540 2,874 4.05%
072220002 Bangbang 8.9% 5,287 4,325 3.90%
072220003 Buagsong 6.6% 3,936 3,350 3.12%
072220004 Catarman 7.7% 4,596 3,741 4.00%
072220005 Cogon 4.5% 2,715 2,585 0.94%
072220006 Dapitan 5.3% 3,149 2,993 0.97%
072220007 Day‑as 7.1% 4,241 3,617 3.08%
072220008 Gabi 7.9% 4,713 3,478 5.96%
072220009 Gilutongan 2.7% 1,640 1,442 2.48%
072220010 Ibabao 14.0% 8,355 6,949 3.57%
072220011 Pilipog 7.2% 4,273 3,642 3.09%
072220012 Poblacion 16.1% 9,625 8,603 2.16%
072220013 San Miguel 6.1% 3,642 2,754 5.47%
Total 59,712 50,353 3.30%
Notes Gilutongan see Sotto et al. 2001

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Cordova
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 5,315—    
1918 5,798+0.58%
1939 6,677+0.67%
1948 7,116+0.71%
1960 9,298+2.25%
1970 12,538+3.03%
1975 14,101+2.38%
1980 16,455+3.13%
1990 22,331+3.10%
1995 26,613+3.34%
2000 34,032+5.41%
2007 45,066+3.95%
2010 50,353+4.12%
2015 59,712+3.30%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][10][11][12]


Tourism[edit]

Kamanpay Public Beach

Cordova is a quiet fisherman town off the coast of mainland Cebu. It has several hotels, resorts and accommodations, which include:

  • Gilutongan Marine Sanctuary
  • Nalusuan Marine Sanctuary
  • Day‑as Boardwalk and Marine Park
  • Kamampay Public Beach
  • Shey Residence in Buagsong, Cordova

A special attraction is the mangrove forest and swamp area. The best access to this area is the Day-as Boardwalk and Marine Park. The total mangrove plantation is estimated to cover more or less one hundred hectares (250 acres). Most of the mangrove forest is located in the barangays of Pilipog, Bangbang, San Miguel, Day‑as and Catarman.

Education[edit]

The children in Cordova are served by 14 day-care centers, eleven public elementary schools, two private elementary schools, one public high school, a private high school and the public college. Educational achievement is relatively high, with 75% of adults (i.e. 21 years old and above) having finished elementary and high school and 23% have attended university or received a degree. Around 2% of the population report not having received formal schooling.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ Cebu Daily News 2016.
  5. ^ Philippine Star 2016.
  6. ^ Cebu Daily News 2018.
  7. ^ Philippine Star 2018.
  8. ^ a b c "Physical Profile". www.cordova.gov.ph. Municipality of Cordova. 2016. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  9. ^ http://www.sunstar.com.ph/cebu/local-news/2018/03/03/bridge-project-comes-assistance-cordovas-mangroves-591698
  10. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Cebu". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]