Corduff

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Corduff
Suburb of Dublin
Corduff is located in Ireland
Corduff
Corduff
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°23′53″N 6°22′18″W / 53.398057°N 6.371681°W / 53.398057; -6.371681Coordinates: 53°23′53″N 6°22′18″W / 53.398057°N 6.371681°W / 53.398057; -6.371681
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County Dublin
County Fingal
Dáil Éireann Dublin West
EU Parliament Dublin
Postal district(s) 15
Dialing code 01, +353 1

Corduff (Irish: An Chorr Dhubh ) is a north western suburb of Dublin, Ireland. It is located near Blanchardstown and is part of the Dublin 15 postal district. At the last electoral count (2002–2006), the population was 4,821 of the 250,000 living in the 42 electoral divisions of Fingal. It is also a townland in the civil parish of Castleknock. Corduff is also a parish in the Blanchardstown deanery of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dublin.

History[edit]

One of the earliest references to Corduff is in a document from the reign of Edward VI, dated 2 August 1547, which records a “lease to James Walshe of London, gent., of the rectory of Malahydert, County Dublin, and the tithes &c. in Malahydert, Culduff, Bossardston, Pasloweston...Tyrrolstown, Abbatiston...”[citation needed]

Evolution of name[edit]

The name for Corduff and the area has varied over time. The form Culduff and significantly, Cooleduff (this last in the census of 1659) is the predominant one down to the early years of the 18th century. In the Civil Survey, compiled in the mid-1650s is found a notice of "Colduff, ½ a plowland, 143 acres (0.58 km2), [property of] Will. Warren, Irish Papist ... There is upon ye premisses a stone house slated, one barne and stable tathct, severall cottages ... a small orchard and garden with a grove of ash trees, one mill in use worth Anno 1640 ten pounds per annum. The Tythes belong to ye Colledge of Dublin [i.e. Trinity College]. Bounded east with Davistowne, south with ye Toulchy, on ye west with Buzardstown, on ye north with Ballicolan".

The Hearth Money Roll for County Dublin list the householders liable for payment of hearth tax in Corduff in 1664 as: " Cullduff: William Warren (5 hearths), William Dardy, Peter Heward, William Lacey, John Synnott, Nicholas Wade, James Dardis, Daniell Shar, William Dardis, Marke Talbott (1 hearth each). Cullduff Mill: Pierce Barrett (1 hearth)".

These name forms likely represented the Irish Cúil Dubh, which is translated roughly as 'the black place' – possibly referring to the colour of the soil.

The picture is complicated by the appearance of 'r' in place of 'l' in the names of some 17th-century sources. In Sir William Petty's great survey (the Down Survey), carried out for the Cromwellian regime in the 1650s, the name appears as Curduf, and in Petty's atlas, Hiberniae Delineatio, (1685), it is spelled Curduffe.

In certain early 18th century documents is observed the gradual establishment of Corduff as the accepted form of the name. In 1708 is found Culduffe alias Curduffe, by 1722 Corduffe alias Courtduffe. By 1750 Corduff and the more anglicised Courtduffe are still vying for acceptance, but, Corduff is the form which appears on Rocque's map of County Dublin, 1760. Its supremacy was virtually assured when it was adopted for inclusion on the Ordnance Survey map of 1843.

The Ordnance Survey namebook describes the place about 1840: "... the property of four sisters divided into farms, the soil is of rather a light gravelly kind principally under tillage; a small bye-road runs N & S thro' it; there are several small open gravel-pits in it, and 3 small forts. A very crooked river runs along its SW side; there are a few dwellings in this townland, but very miserable ...". One of the ringforts mentioned still exists in Corduff Park and is known locally as “the fairy-ring”.

With virtually all other Corduff's throughout Ireland, the name represents the Irish An Chorr Dhubh. The first element 'corr' may mean hollow or pit, or a rounded hill or hump. Either of these meanings could conceivably apply to Corduff, e.g. The pit-like depression the Tolka runs through, or some elevated part of the townland which would have been more apparent before the area was built over.[citation needed]

Richard Warren[edit]

The landed estate at Corduff was initially home to the de la Field family. Early in the 17th century the estate was acquired by the Warren family, who continued in occupation for the next 200 years. It was from this family that Corduff's greatest hero came.

Richard Warren, son of John “the old Lion of Corduff” was born in Corduff House in 1705. He emigrated to France as a young man along with his brothers John and William and joined the Irish Brigade of the French army as a volunteer captain. It was in France that he had his first meeting with the Jacobite Prince Charles Edward (a.k.a. Bonnie Prince Charlie). Warren organised the ship to take the prince to Scotland. When, some time later, Warren landed in Scotland he was conferred the rank of colonel in Prince Charles's army of Scotland and the aide-de-camp to Lord George Murray. He marched at the prince's side at the head of the Jacobite army as it invaded England. When the war began to turn sour Warren was sent to France to gather support from the French King. When King Louis met him he agreed to send help. He also confirmed the rank of colonel in the French army and conferred upon Richard Warren the rank of Knight of St. Louis. When the Jacobite army was beaten and Prince Charles was imprisoned, it was Warren who rescued him and sailed him back to France. A few years later Warren was appointed governor of the small island of Belle Isle. Baron Richard Warren of Corduff died in 1774.[citation needed]

Modern development[edit]

The townland of Corduff eventually ended up in the possession of the Egan family who were the last occupiers of Corduff House before the development of the current housing estate.

On 1 December 1974 two showhouses were built in Edgewood Lawns as the starting point for Corduff as the No.1 Neighbourhood Area in the Blanchardstown Development Plan. These two houses were completed in the record time of ten days. The provision of services followed in quick succession and during the next two years Corduff Park and Grove as well as Brookhaven developed. The housing programme was completed with the addition of Corduff Way, Gardens, Avenue, Crescent, Close, Place, Green, Westway, Ashling Heights and Sheephill Estates.[citation needed]

Ecclesiastical history[edit]

St. Patrick's Church, Corduff

In the 19th century, the Roman Catholic parish of Blanchardstown encompassed much of the area now within the Dublin 15 postal district. Following the relaxation of the Penal Laws, it became possible for the Catholic adherents to consider the construction of additional churches and to repair the existing stock of religious buildings. St Brigid's Church, Blanchardstown, not to be confused with a Church of Ireland building in nearby Castleknock, was constructed in 1837 upon the foundation of a church that had been built prior to 1731. It is the Mother church of 12 other churches constituted out of the parish over the following 156 years.[1] In 1976, St Patrick's Church, Corduff, was separated from Blanchardstown. Three years later, the parish of St Philip, the Apostle in Mountview was separated from Corduff [2] and the parish of Mary of the Servants, Blakestown, was separated from Corduff in 1979.[3]

A "Kingdom Hall" of the nontrinitarian Jehovah Witnesses is also present in the locality.[citation needed]

Social and cultural[edit]

Corduff is home to such amenities as the Corduff Sports Centre, Corduff Childcare service, Corduff Shopping Centre, Corduff Resource Centre, The Corduff Community Youth Project, 109th Scouts Group and new additions to the community such as the Corduff health Centre. Such amenities like the Brookwood Inn(Corduff Inn) have since closed down and are no longer available for public use. The area is located within walking distance of Blanchardstown Shopping Centre, the National Aquatic Centre, Crowne Plaza Hotel and Blanchardstown Village.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Schools in the area include St. Patricks Junior and Senior national schools (covering children aged 6 to 13).[4] Many children who attend St. Patricks later move on to Riversdale Community College[citation needed] (secondary school) where they prepare for Junior and leaving cert examinations.[5] The Institute of Technology, Blanchardstown is also close by and offers courses for students who have completed their leaving certificate.[6]

Transport[edit]

Corduff is served by the 17A, 38/A/B 220, 236 and the 238 buses with the 38/A/B heading directly towards blanchardstown village which is within walking distantce from Castleknock train station. It is only a ten-minute walk from Blanchardstown Village and The Blanchardstown Centre as well as Damastown and Ballycoolin Business Parks.[citation needed]

Sport[edit]

Corduff football club is the largest soccer club in Blanchardstown with thirty teams representing different ages and levels.[7]

Corduff Shotokan Karate Club was started in 1990, and has over 40 members with 20 dan grades.[citation needed] The club is affiliated to the United Shotokan Karate Federation (USKF), and the club's main instructor has represented Ireland at European and World level.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Bordering suburbs[edit]

References[edit]

  • The History of the County of Dublin by John D'Alton
  • An Outline for a Life of Warren of Corduff (Part 1) by Dr George A Little
  • Record of St. Patrick's Parish Corduff

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cronin, Elizabeth, Fr Michael Dundan's Blanchardstown, 1836-1968, Four Courts Press (2002), p56.
  2. ^ Official website of the Parish of St Philip.
  3. ^ Official website of the Parish of Mary of the Servants.
  4. ^ http://www.stpatrickscorduff.ie/
  5. ^ http://www.riversdalecc.com/
  6. ^ http://www.itb.ie/
  7. ^ Corduff F.C.