Freshwater whitefish

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Freshwater whitefish
Coregonushoyi.jpg
Bloater (Coregonus hoyi)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Salmoniformes
Family: Salmonidae
Subfamily: Coregoninae
Genera

Coregonus
Prosopium
Stenodus

The freshwater whitefish are fishes of the subfamily Coregoninae, which contains whitefishes (both freshwater and anadromous) and ciscoes, and is one of three subfamilies in the salmon family Salmonidae.[1][2] Apart from the subfamily Coregoninae, the family Salmonidae includes the salmon, trout, and char species of the subfamily Salmoninae, and grayling species of the subfamily Thymallinae.[1][3] Freshwater whitefish are distributed mainly in relatively cool waters throughout the northern parts of the Northern Hemisphere.

The Coregoninae subfamily consists of three nominal genera:[4]

  • Coregonus Linnaeus, 1758 – whitefishes and ciscoes, which according to some authors number more than 60 species.[5] There are differing opinions on the classification of some species within the genus and the overall number of species.[2] Some species in Arctic regions of Asia and North America forage in marine waters.[2]
  • Prosopium Jordan, 1878 – round whitefishes, which includes six species, three of which occur only in a single lake.[2][6]
  • Stenodus Richardson, 1836 – inconnus, which includes two species, sometimes considered a single species with two subspecies.[7] Phylogenetically, Stenodus is not distinct from Coregonus.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nuttall, Mark (12 November 2012). Encyclopedia of the Arctic. Routledge. p. 1834. ISBN 978-1-57958-436-8. 
  2. ^ a b c d Behnke, Robert J (6 July 2010). Trout and Salmon of North America (1st ed.). New York: The Free Press, a division of Simon & Schuster Inc. pp. 335–340. ISBN 978-1-4516-0355-2. 
  3. ^ "Salmonidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Coregoninae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Coregonus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Prosopium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Taxonomic information for Inconnus (Stenodus)". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  8. ^ Bernatchez, L; Colombani, F; Dodson, JJ (1991). "Phylogenetic relationships among the subfamily Coregoninae as revealed by mitochondrial DNA restriction analysis" (PDF). Journal of Fish Biology 39: 283–290. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1991.tb05091.x. ISSN 0022-1112.