Map of Bohol with Corella highlighted
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||1st district of Bohol|
|Founded||3 December 1879|
|Barangay||8 (see § Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Jose Tocmo (UNA)|
|• Vice mayor||Maria Daquio|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||37.22 km2 (14.37 sq mi)|
|• Land||30.33 km2 (11.71 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Density||210/km2 (540/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)38|
|Income class||5th class|
Corella is a fifth income class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 7,699. It is located 10 km (6.2 mi) northeast of Tagbilaran. It may have been named after a town in the province of Navarre in northern Spain.
Corella is known primarily as the home of the endemic Philippine Tarsier, one of the world's smallest primates. The 7.4-hectare (18-acre) Philippine Tarsier sanctuary run by the Philippine Tarsier Foundation, as well as the Research and Development Center, is in brgy Canapnapan, three kilometres (1.9 mi) east of the centre of town.
The people of Corella are predominantly conservative Roman Catholics belonging to the parish of Our Lady of El Villar whose feast is celebrated on April 27.
Corella comprises 8 barangays, all classified as rural:
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2012)|
Its former name was Nug-as before it obtained its present name, Corella. It was then a barrio of Baclayon. The adoption of the name Corella was made at the behest of Fray Jose Maria Cañabas, then the parish priest of Baclayon and endorsed by Fray Felix Gullen, the first Spanish priest. Corella was a name of a village in Navarra, Spain where this town’s patroness, Nuestra Señora del Villar showered miracles.
The creation of this town was due to the efforts of its inhabitants including Isidoro Ramo, who became its first gobernadorcillo.
The stone church and the convent were constructed during the tenure of Fray Felix Gullen and completed by later priests, one of them being Fray Dionisio Llorete who also spearheaded the erection of two stone school building and the municipal building during the term of the gobernadorcillo, Celedonio Sayon. But the construction of Corella’s present concrete church began in 1924 under Fr. Pedro Montelbon, the parish priest of Tagbilaran who took over the administration of the Corella parish after the incumbent, Fr. Eugenio Desamparados left.
A battle of principles, rights, obligations, and duties raged in the municipality in 1920 between Simeon Sambola, the parish priest and the municipal president Nicanor C. Tocmo who were at loggerheads on the matter of school administration. From the pulpit, Fray Simeon lambasted the municipal administration and condemned the teachings in Corella schools as having originated from the mouth of hell. Enrollment in the school greatly diminished. Only close family friends and relatives of president Tocmo sent their children to school. The local civil administration complained to the provincial and national authorities. After a fact-finding investigation by the Department of Public Instruction whose report was submitted to the Governor-General, Fray Simeon was removed.
During the Japanese occupation, the area at a distance half way between Corella and Gaboc was "no-man's land". Several civilians were arrested there by the Japanese and executed on the spot. Honorio Butawan, a bolo volunteer, was caught by the enemy, and taken to Tagbilaran never to return. Other civilians of Corella suffered instant death from the Japanese as the latter tried to escape the US army of liberation.
In October 1944, Capt. Martin Maliwanag, a guerrilla leader under Major Ismael Ingeniero established his headquarters in Corella, making the convent his command post and the primary school building east of the town plaza his detention cell. Several Filipino JCs (Japanese Constabulary) surrendered voluntarily. The first to surrender on October 29, 1944 was Lt. Victorio Sumodabila. He was shot on the spot by Capt. Maliwanag. Four other JCs from Corella who were killed and buried in common grave of Corella were Dandong Lamayo, his brother Fermin Lamayo, Felicisimo Guscal, and his brother-in-law, Celistino Formentera. In all, there were nine Filipino JCs who met their violent deaths in Corella on orders of Capt. Maliwanag, who met his own death when he attacked the Japanese garrison in Gaboc. His body was buried in the same cemetery as his victims. It was Maliwanag’s men who captured the puppet Japanese governor Agapito Hontanosas.
During the guerrilla period, Corella had four mayors closely succeeding each other:
- The Commonwealth-elected mayor, who was suspected to be a Japanese puppet, Catalino C. Vale was detained in barangay Behind The Clouds (San Jose) in Batuan, where the Bohol Area Command (BAC) of the guerilla forces had its headquarters.
- Roman Tocmo who was named acting vice mayor by the guerillas and Tiburcio Aranas who was the acting mayor.
- After Aranas’s death, Jose Clarin replaced him.
- When Clarin went on leave, he was substituted by Isaac Filo.
|Population census of Corella|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Corella does not have any major industry. A great majority of the people of the town are engaged in small-scale home businesses.
- "Municipality of Corella". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Ayuntamiento de Corella" (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007" (PDF). National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2011.
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