Coriaria

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Coriaria
Coriaria ruscifolia.jpg
Coriaria ruscifolia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Coriariaceae
Mirb.[1]
Genus: Coriaria
L.
Type species
Coriaria myrtifolia
Coriaria distribution.svg
Coriaria distribution
Synonyms[4]
  • Heterocladus Turcz.
  • Heterophylleia Turcz.

Coriaria is the sole genus in the family Coriariaceae, which was described by Linnaeus in 1753.[3][5] It includes 14 species[6] of small trees, shrubs and subshrubs, with a widespread but disjunct distribution across warm temperate regions of the world, occurring as far apart as the Mediterranean region, southern and eastern Asia, New Zealand (where some are alpine species), the Pacific Ocean islands, and Central and South America.[4][7][8]

The leaves are opposite or in whorls, simple, 2–9 cm long, without stipules. The flowers are borne in racemes 2–30 cm long, each flower small, greenish, with five small petals. The fruit is a small and shiny black (occasionally yellow or red) berry-like swollen corolla, highly poisonous in several species, though those of C. terminalis are edible. At least a few members of this genus are non-legume nitrogen fixers.

The Mediterranean species C. myrtifolia is known as redoul, and the several New Zealand species are known by the Māori name of tutu.

The South American species C. ruscifolia is an evergreen climber known as deu or huique, and its fruits are used in Southern Chile to make rat poison.

Species[4]
  1. Coriaria angustissima - New Zealand (South I + Stewart I)
  2. Coriaria arborea - New Zealand (South I, North I, Chatham Is, Kermadec Is)
  3. Coriaria duthiei - W Himalayas (N Pakistan + Kashmir, N India)
  4. Coriaria japonica - Japan, Taiwan
  5. Coriaria kingiana - New Zealand (North I)
  6. Coriaria kweichovensis - S China, Himalayas
  7. Coriaria lurida - New Zealand (South I, North I)
  8. Coriaria myrtifolia - Spain, France, Italy, Algeria, Morocco, Greece, Tunisia[9]
  9. Coriaria napalensis - Himalayas
  10. Coriaria plumosa - New Zealand (South I, North I)
  11. Coriaria pottsiana - New Zealand (North I)
  12. Coriaria pteridoides - New Zealand (North I)
  13. Coriaria ruscifolia - Latin America from C Mexico to S Argentina + S Chile; New Guinea, New Zealand, islands of S Pacific
  14. Coriaria × sarlurida - New Zealand
  15. Coriaria × sarmangusta - New Zealand
  16. Coriaria terminalis - Sichuan, Tibet, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan

Fossil record[edit]

Coriariaceae fossils as pollen and seeds, are known from the Miocene of Europe.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
  2. ^ lectotype designated by M. L. Green, Prop. Brit. Bot. 192 (1929)
  3. ^ a b Tropicos, Coriaria L.
  4. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 1037 in Latin
  6. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
  7. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México
  8. ^ Flora of China Vol. 11 Page 333 马桑科 ma sang ke Coriariaceae
  9. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Sommacco a foglie di mirto, Tanner's Sumac, Coriaria myrtifolia L. includes photos and European distribution map
  10. ^ Else Marie Friis, Peter R. Crane, Kaj Raunsgaard Pedersen (2011). Early Flowers and Angiosperm Evolution. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521592836