Corinne Roosevelt Robinson

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Corinne Roosevelt Robinson
Corrine Roosevelt.jpg
Corinne Roosevelt at the 1920 Republican Convention – upper top left row
Born Corinne Roosevelt
(1861-09-27)September 27, 1861
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died February 17, 1933(1933-02-17) (aged 71)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Resting place Robinson Cemetery, Columbia Center, Herkimer County, New York, U.S.[1]
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Douglas Robinson, Jr.
(m. 1882; his death 1918)
Children Theodore Douglas Robinson
Corinne Douglas Robinson
Monroe Douglas Robinson
Stewart Douglas Robinson
Parent(s) Theodore Roosevelt Sr.
Martha Stewart Bulloch
Family Roosevelt

Corinne Roosevelt (September 27, 1861 – February 17, 1933) was an American poet, writer and lecturer. She was also the younger sister of former President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt and an aunt of future First Lady of the United States, Eleanor Roosevelt.[2]

Early years[edit]

Corinne Roosevelt was born on September 27, 1861, at 28 East 20th Street in New York City, the fourth and youngest child of businessman/philanthropist Theodore "Thee" Roosevelt Sr. and socialite Martha Stewart "Mittie" Bulloch.[2] Her siblings were Anna (called "Bamie" or "Bye"), Theodore Jr. (who became President), and Elliott (the father of future First Lady of the United States Anna Eleanor Roosevelt). As an Oyster Bay Roosevelt Corinne was a descendant of the Schuyler family.[3][4] She received most of her education from private tutors.[2]

Corinne was best friends with Edith Kermit Carow, her brother T.R.'s second wife and later the First Lady of the United States. Theodore Sr. was a supporter of the North during the Civil War, while Mittie supported the South. Mittie's home state was Georgia, and she had moved to New York only because of her marriage to Theodore. Mittie's brothers were members of the Confederate Navy. However, the conflict between Corinne's parents' political loyalties did not prevent her from experiencing a privileged childhood, including the best schools and regular travel, or the formal debut into society expected of the daughters of prominent families.

Career[edit]

Robinson began writing at an early age, through the encouragement of her friends, in particular Edith Wharton who helped critique her poetry. In 1911, Robinson published her first poem, "The Call of Brotherhood", in Scribner's Magazine. Her first book of poems of the same title was published in 1912.[5] This volume was quickly followed by One Woman to Another and Other Poems (1914) dedicated to her daughter, also named Corinne, commemorating the loss of Robinson's brother Elliott and son, Stewart.[6]

Other volumes of poetry by Robinson include Service and Sacrifice (1919) dedicated to her brother Theodore Roosevelt, The Poems of Corinne Roosevelt Robinson (1924),[7] and Out of Nymph (1930) dedicated to Charles Scribner. She also wrote the prose memoir My Brother Theodore Roosevelt (1924).[8][9]

Political career[edit]

Robinson was a member of the executive committee of the Republican National Committee and the New York State Republican Committee.[2][10] During the election of 1920, Robinson became the first woman ever called upon to second the nomination of a national party convention candidate; speaking before a crowd of 14,000, she endorsed General Leonard Wood as the 1920 Republican candidate for president.[8][11] After Wood lost the nomination to Harding, Robinson came out strongly for Harding and his vice-presidential candidate, Calvin Coolidge. In the 1924 election, she served as a member of Coolidge's advisory committee.[2] Also in 1924, she wrote a letter to The New York Times commenting on the election loss of her nephew, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., for Governor of New York.[12]

Despite being a prominent Republican, Corinne voted for her fifth cousin and nephew-in-law Franklin when he ran for Governor of New York in 1928, and in 1932 when he was elected President of the United States. During the 1932 election, she declined the designation of a Republican elector-at-large,[13] and wrote to Franklin saying that she had refused to take an active part in the campaign.[14] She also stated that:

You must understand why I cannot comment on the national campaign. My own beloved niece is the wife of the Democratic candidate. She is the daughter of the brother who was nearer to me in age than Theodore. For her I have the deepest affection and respect. So, much as I would like to pay the highest tribute to President Hoover, I cannot do so in this campaign.[2]

Personal life[edit]

On April 29, 1882, she married Douglas Robinson Jr. (1855–1918), son of Douglas T. L. Robinson and Frances (née Monroe) Robinson at the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church.[15] Robinson's maternal grandfather, James Monroe (1799–1870), a member of the House of Representatives, was the nephew of U.S. President James Monroe (1758–1831).[16] Their marriage produced four children:[17]

Throughout the 1920s, Robinson's health failed her a number of times and she had a total of sixteen eye surgeries.[20]

Robinson died on February 17, 1933, age 71, of pneumonia, in New York City,[21] less than a month before Franklin was inaugurated as President.[2] Her funeral was held at St. Bartholomew's Protestant Episcopal Church and was attended by more than 1,000 people, including President-elect Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt, Sara Roosevelt, Anna Roosevelt, and Curtis B. Dall.[22] The bulk of her estate was divided among her three surviving children with smaller bequests made to grandchildren, nephews, friends and institutions. She left all real and personal property she had received from her uncle, Cornelius V. S. Roosevelt to her daughter, Corrine. The household furniture, residue of the property, including $30,000 left to her by another uncle, James King Gracie (1840–1903),[23] was to be shared equally among her children.[24] A portrait of Harriet Douglas (1790–1872), sister-in-law of James Monroe,[25] painted by Sir William Beechey, was left to her grandson, Douglas Robinson (1906-1964), of whom Harriet was his great-great-great aunt.[24]

A memorial was held for her by the Women's Roosevelt Memorial Association, of which she was a director, at Roosevelt House at 28 East 20th Street. The benediction was pronounced by the Rev. Dr. Henry Sloane Coffin.[26] The Association also planned a memorial fund in her honor to augment the Roosevelt endowment fund for the preservation of the Roosevelt House.[27] In 1942, two oriental plane trees were planted in front of the Roosevelt House and dedicated to the memory of Anna Roosevelt Cowles and Corinne.[28]

Residences and clubs[edit]

Robinson, who was born at the Roosevelt House at 28 East 20th Street in New York City, had her own home in New York City at 147 East 61st Street, as well as a country home called Gelston Castle in Mohawk near Jordanville, New York where she cultivated her interest in flowers.[2]

In 1925, she leased her former home, 422 and 424 Madison Avenue, a five story building adjoining the southwest corner of 49th Street, to Bernard A. Ottenberg and Roy Foster for a period of 80 years with annual rent of about $25,000 a year for the first 20 years. At the time, the entire building was occupied by the Braus Art Galleries.[29] After the expiration of the Braus lease, the new lessees planned to construct a nine-story store and loft building with foundations for twelve to fifteen stories.[29]

She was a member of the Colony Club, Cosmopolitan Club, Women's National Republican Club, Town Hall Club, MacDowell Club and Essex Country Club.[2]

Descendants[edit]

Robinson was the grandmother of columnists Joseph Wright Alsop V (1910–1989) and Stewart Johonnot Oliver Alsop (1914–1974).[30]

Some published works[edit]

  • The Call of Brotherhood (1912) (poetry)
  • One Woman to Another and Other Poems (1914) (poetry)
  • Service and Sacrifice (1919) (poetry)
  • The Poems of Corinne Roosevelt Robinson (1924) (poetry)
  • Out of Nymph (1930) (poetry) dedicated to Charles Scribner
  • My Brother Theodore Roosevelt (1924) Biography of her brother Theodore Roosevelt

References[edit]

  1. ^ Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed. (2 volume set), by Scott Wilson, McFarland, Aug 22, 2016
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "CORINNE ROBINSON DIES AT AGE OF 71 | Sister of the Late President Roosevelt Was Widely Known as Poet. | LONG ACTIVE IN POLITICS | Seconded the Nomination of Wood in 1920 - Served as an Adviser to Coolidge". The New York Times. 18 February 1933. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Taylor, Robert Lewis. Along The Way: Two Paths From One Ancestry Xlibris Corporation, 2014[self-published source]
  4. ^ Brogan, Hugh and Mosley, Charles American Presidential Families October 1993, page 568
  5. ^ "TOMLINSONIAN VERSE; THE CALL OF BROTHERHOOD AND OTHER POEMS. By Corinne Roosevelt Robinson. Charles Scribner's Sons". The New York Times. 20 October 1912. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "MRS. DOUGLAS ROBINSON". The New York Times. 19 February 1933. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  7. ^ "Theadore Roosevelt, a Sister's Portrait". The New York Times. 25 September 1921. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  8. ^ a b Hart, G. L. (1920). Official Report of the Proceedings of the Seventeenth Republican National Convention. New York, NY. 
  9. ^ "TELLS HOW ROOSEVELT WON HIS FIRST DEBATE; His Sister, Mrs Robinson, Recalls Victory When, at 22, He Defined Americanism as Patriotism". The New York Times. 3 November 1923. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "Mrs. Robinson's Statement". The New York Times. August 2, 1920. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "FAVORS LEONARD WOOD AS CHILDREN'S FRIEND; Mrs. Douglas Robinson Tells Women He Stands for "Things All Mothers' Sons Like."". The New York Times. 1 April 1920. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  12. ^ Robinson, Corinne Roosevelt (24 December 1924). "Mr. Roosevelt's Vote In the State". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  13. ^ "MRS. ROBINSON DECLINES.; Refuses Designation as Republican Elector at Large". The New York Times. 5 October 1932. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  14. ^ "Rift Between Roosevelt Families Bridged; Kermit to Cruise With the President-Elect". The New York Times. January 25, 1933. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  15. ^ "ROBINSON--ROOSEVELT.; A BEAUTIFUL CHURCH WEDDING AND A BRILLIANT HOUSE RECEPTION". The New York Times. 30 April 1882. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  16. ^ "Douglas Robinson, Jr. + Corinne Roosevelt". Stanford.edu. Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. 
  17. ^ "DANCE FOR MISS ROBINSON | Mr. and Mrs. Douglas Robinson Entertain for Debutante Daughter". The New York Times. 23 December 1904. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  18. ^ Times, Special To The New York (15 April 1934). "NOTABLES MOURN FOR T. D. ROBINSON; | Mrs. F. D. Roosevelt, His Cousin, Attends the Funeral Near Herkimer, N.Y. | SIMPLE SERVICE AT HOME | Burial in Family Cemetery on Estate - Wagon Substituted for a Hearse." The New York Times. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  19. ^ "PRESIDENT'S NEPHEW KILLED AT HARVARD; Stewart Douglas Robinson Falls from Sixth-Story Window in Hampden Hall Dormitory. BODY FOUND IN STREET Young Man Complained of Illness to Friends and Had Window Opened to Get Air". The New York Times. 22 February 1909. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  20. ^ "MRS. ROBINSON'S EYE BETTER; Sister of Late Colonel Roosevelt Is Suffering From Infection". The New York Times. 6 March 1922. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  21. ^ "MRS. ROBINSON UNCHANGED; Sister of Late President Roosevelt Suffering From Pneumonia". The New York Times. 17 February 1933. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  22. ^ "ROOSEVELT AT BIER OF MRS. ROBINSON; | President-EIect and Wife Are Among Mourners for Theodore Roosevelt's Sister | 1,000 FRIENDS AT SERVICE | Many Notables in Audience at St. Bartholomew's - Dr. George P. T. Sargent Officiates." The New York Times. 21 February 1933. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  23. ^ "LEGACY TO MR. ROOSEVELT; President Inherits $30,000 from James King Gracie. Kermit and Ethel Receive $5,000 Each -- Estate of $500,000 Is Disposed Of, Partly to Charity". The New York Times. December 4, 1903. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  24. ^ a b THE NEW YORK TIMES., Special to (March 3, 1933). "ROBINSON ESTATE GOES TO CHILDREN | Will of Theodore Roosevelt's Sister Filed at Herkimer Divides Family Heirlooms. | CONDITIONAL BEQUESTS | Friends, Kin and Institutions to Get Sums If Estate Is Sufficient to Pay Them". The New York Times. p. 13. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  25. ^ Hopson, Caryl. "The Garden in the Woods - The Cemetery at Gelston Castle". www.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Herkimer County Historical Society. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  26. ^ "Memorial to Mrs. C. R. Robinson". The New York Times. March 16, 1933. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  27. ^ "Plan Mrs. C. R. Robinson Fund." The New York Times. 19 March 1933. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  28. ^ "ROOSEVELT MEDALS AWARDED TO THREE; Stimson, Tarkington and Dr. Jones Honored on Late President's Birthday PLANE TREES DEDICATED Roosevelt Sisters Honored in Ceremony -- President Sends Wreath to Grave". The New York Times. 28 October 1942. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  29. ^ a b "Roosevelt's Sister Leases Former Home to Operators". The New York Times. March 4, 1925. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  30. ^ Robert W. Merry (1997). Taking on the World: Joseph and Stewart Alsop, Guardians of the American Century. Penguin Group. p. 4. ISBN 9780140149845. 

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