Corinth, New York

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For the village located within this town, see Corinth (village), New York.
Corinth
Town
Palmer Falls c.1930-1945
Palmer Falls c.1930-1945
Nickname(s): Gateway to the Adirondacks
Corinth is located in New York
Corinth
Corinth
Location of Corinth in New York
Coordinates: 43°13′36″N 73°53′23″W / 43.22667°N 73.88972°W / 43.22667; -73.88972Coordinates: 43°13′36″N 73°53′23″W / 43.22667°N 73.88972°W / 43.22667; -73.88972
Country United States
State New York
County Saratoga
Settled 1775
Established 1818
Area
 • Total 58.1 sq mi (150 km2)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 6,200
 • Density 110/sq mi (41/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 518
Website www.townofcorinthny.com

Corinth is a town in Saratoga County, New York, United States. The population was 6,531 at the 2010 census.[1] The town contains a village also named Corinth. The town is on the northeast border of the county, north of Saratoga Springs. The town is noted as "the snowshoe capital of the world".[2]

History[edit]

Around 1763, after the French and Indian War, Ebenezer Jessup and his brother Edward from Luzerne began lumbering operations in the town. They floated rafts of logs down the Hudson. To bypass Palmer Falls they landed the rafts at a place called "Jessup's Landing", now the public beach of the Village of Corinth. They loaded the logs onto wagons and carted them around the falls.[3] During the American Revolution the Jessups sided with the Loyalists and fled to Canada, where they commanded a unit known as "Jessup's Loyal Rangers".[4] For a long time the area was known as Jessup's Landing. The first permanent settlement in this area was around 1777, when Joseph Eggleston moved from Wilton to escape British raiders. John W. Taylor moved from Charlton to Jessup's Landing around 1808 and helped organize the Town of Corinth in 1818.[5]

Around 1790 Ambrose Clothier moved from Connecticut and built a cabin near Lake Bonita on Mount McGregor.[6] He had three sons and three daughters, and all his sons were noted fiddlers. The area around Beaver Brook near the Hudson is today known as "Clothier Hollow".Other early settlers in this area were Benjamin Ide, Jonathan Hodges, William Grippen, Lawrence Barber, Jonathan Barrass, and Hathaway Randall.[5]

A third area of settlement was South Corinth (originally Chapman's Corners) along the Kayaderosseras Creek near the border with Greenfield. This area was settled around 1788 by Adam Comstock from Warwick, Rhode Island, who served in the New York State Assembly from 1792 to 1840, and the New York State Senate from 1805 to 1808. Other early settlers were Benjamin Carpenter, Nathaniel Edwards, Frederick Parkman, Jeremiah Eddy, John Purqua, and Washington Chapman.[7]

The town was formed in 1818 from the town of Hadley. The first business was to decide on a name. Mrs. Washington Chapman was allowed to choose the name. She opened her bible randomly to the Epistle to the Corinthians, so the town became Corinth.[7]:p.394

Lumbering was important to the early town, which had more than thirty sawmills. After the American Civil War, many paper mills opened in the town.

In 1888, the hamlet of Corinth incorporated as a village.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 58.1 square miles (150.6 km²), of which, 56.8 square miles (147.1 km²) of it is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km²) of it (2.29%) is water.

The east town line, formed by the Hudson River, is the border of Warren County. The western part of the town is in the Adirondack Park.

Palmer Falls on the Hudson River is located in the town. This was formerly known as "Kah-che-bon-cook", "Hadley Falls", "The Great Falls of the Hudson", or "Palmer's Great Falls".[3] The falls are now named after Beriah Palmer, who at one time owned land along both sides of the river at this point.

New York State Route 9N is a north-south highway.

The Saratoga and North Creek Railway stops in Corinth once daily northbound and southbound on Saturday and Sunday in May and June, and Friday through Tuesday in July through October.

Industry[edit]

As early as 1804 a sawmill was established on the Hudson at Palmer Falls, followed shortly by a gristmill and a woolen factory. In 1869 the Hudson River Pulp & Paper Company established its mill and in 1870 began to produce paper from the pulp.[7] This "Hudson River Mill" became the flagship of the International Paper Company at its founding in 1898, and at times had over 1500 employees. The mill specialized in the production of coated paper until its closure in 2002. A shirt factory was established in Corinth in the 1890s and purchased by Cluett Peabody & Company in 1899.[5] The factory closed in 1975. The Elixman Paper Core Company operated in the village from 1913 until its closure in 1976.[8] Other industries included a sawmill and excelsior plant, a chair factory, and a sand, crushed-stone, and gravel operation.[5]

In 1805 Washington Chapman built a woolen mill in South Corinth, which was later converted to producing nuts and bolts. The hamlet was the site of a tannery built in 1855 which, by the 1870s, processed five thousand hides a year. Two sawmills nearby produced two thousand cords of hemlock bark and two million feet of lumber annually.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,490
1830 1,412 −5.2%
1840 1,365 −3.3%
1850 1,501 10.0%
1860 1,558 3.8%
1870 1,500 −3.7%
1880 1,737 15.8%
1890 2,124 22.3%
1900 3,104 46.1%
1910 3,102 −0.1%
1920 3,696 19.1%
1930 3,760 1.7%
1940 4,478 19.1%
1950 4,879 9.0%
1960 5,167 5.9%
1970 5,442 5.3%
1980 5,216 −4.2%
1990 5,935 13.8%
2000 5,985 0.8%
2010 6,531 9.1%
Est. 2014 6,472 [9] −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 5,985 people, 2,331 households, and 1,662 families residing in the town. The population density was 105.4 people per square mile (40.7/km²). There were 2,804 housing units at an average density of 49.4 per square mile (19.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.28% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.

There were 2,331 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. Of all households, 23.4% were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,199, and the median income for a family was $41,732. Males had a median income of $32,227 versus $25,146 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,003. About 7.8% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations[edit]

  • Corinth: A village by the Hudson River in the eastern part of the town, located on NY-9N.
  • Daly's Creek: A stream in the northwest part of Corinth running into the Great Sacandaga Lake.
  • Efner Lake: A lake near the north town line, south of County Road 10 (West Mountain Road).
  • Hunt Lake: A lake east of Efner Lake.
  • Jenny Lake: A lake east of Efner Lake.
  • Lake Bonita: A lake in the southeast corner of the town.
  • Mount McGregor: A location in the southeast part of the town.
  • Palmer: A hamlet east of Corinth village on County Road 24 (Palmer Avenue).
  • Randall Corner: A hamlet in the southeast part of the town on County Road 25 (Spier Falls Road).
  • South Corinth: A hamlet near the south town line on NY-9N.
  • Woodland Lake: A lake southeast of Corinth village.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "Town of Corinth". Saratoga County New York. Saratoga County. Retrieved June 2, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Lourie, Peter (1995). River of Mountains: A Canoe Journey Down the Hudson. Syracuse University Press. p. 127. ISBN 0-8156-0315-0. Retrieved June 2, 2016. 
  4. ^ Willig, Susan L. Rootsweb http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/NY-WARWASHSAR/2002-08/1028332010. Retrieved June 2, 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ a b c d Dunn, Violet B. (1974). Saratoga County Heritage. Saratoga County. 
  6. ^ Shorey, Mabel Pitkin (1959). The Early History of Corinth. The Journal Press. p. 66. 
  7. ^ a b c d Sylvester, Nathaniel Bartlett (1878). History of Saratoga County, New York. Everts & Ensign. Retrieved June 1, 2016. 
  8. ^ Clothier, Rachel (2009). Corinth. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-6574-3. Retrieved June 6, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]