Siege of Corinth Union order of battle

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The following units and commanders of the Union Army fought at the Siege of Corinth (29 Apr-30 May 1862) of the American Civil War. The Union Army had approximately 150,000 present for duty.[1][2] The Confederate order of battle is shown separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the siege.[3]

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military Rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Department of the Mississippi[edit]

MG Henry W. Halleck[4]


District of West Tennessee[edit]

MG Ulysses S. Grant[6][7]


Right Wing (Army of the Tennessee)[edit]

MG George H. Thomas[8][9]

  • Chief of Staff and Asst. Adjutant General: Cpt George E. Flynt
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division (Army of the Ohio)[10]
     MG George H. Thomas until 3 May
     BG Thomas W. Sherman

1st Brigade


   BG Albin F. Schoepf

2nd Brigade


   BG Speed Smith Fry

3rd Brigade


   BG Robert L. McCook

Artillery
Cavalry

Second Division
     BG Thomas A. Davies until 2 June
     BG Edward Otho Cresap Ord

1st Brigade


   Col James Tuttle

2nd Brigade


   BG Richard J. Oglesby

3rd Brigade


   Col Silas Baldwin

Artillery


   Maj John S. Cavender

  • 1st Missouri Batteries D, H, I, and K
  • 2nd Michigan Battery
Cavalry

Fourth Division
     BG Stephen A. Hurlbut

1st Brigade


   BG Jacob G. Lauman

2nd Brigade


   BG James C. Veatch

Artillery
Cavalry

Fifth Division
     MG William T. Sherman[12]

1st Brigade


   Col John A. McDowell until 12 May
   Col Morgan L. Smith

Before 15 May

After 15 May

2nd Brigade


   Col David Stuart until 15 May
   Col John A. McDowell

Before 15 May

After 15 May

3rd Brigade


   Col Jesse Hildebrand until 15 May
   Col Ralph P. Buckland until 16 May
   BG James W. Denver[13]

Before 15 May

After 15 May

4th Brigade


   Col Ralph P. Buckland

Discontinued 15 May

Artillery


   Maj Ezra Taylor

Cavalry


   Col T. Lyle Dickey

Sixth Division
     BG Thomas J. McKean until 30 Apr
     BG Thomas W. Sherman until 3 May
     BG Thomas J. McKean

1st Brigade


   Col John L. Doran until 23 May
   BG John McArthur

2nd Brigade


   Col John M. Oliver

3rd Brigade


   Col Marcellus M. Crocker

Artillery


   Cpt Andrew Hickenlooper

Cavalry

Reserves (Army of the Tennessee)[edit]

MG John A. McClernand[14][15]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     MG John A. McClernand until 2 May
     BG John A. Logan until 4 May
     BG Henry M. Judah until 2 June
     BG Thomas A. Davies

1st Brigade


   BG John A. Logan until 2 May[16]
   Col Michael K. Lawler until 4 May
   BG John A. Logan

2nd Brigade


   Col C. Carroll Marsh until 4 May
   Col Andrew J. Babcock[17]

3rd Brigade


   BG Leonard F. Ross

Artillery
Cavalry

Third Division
     MG Lewis Wallace

1st Brigade


   Col Morgan L. Smith until 12 May
   BG Alvin P. Hovey

2nd Brigade


   Col John M. Thayer

3rd Brigade


   Col Charles Whittlesey until May
   Col Charles R. Woods

Artillery
Cavalry

Center (Army of the Ohio)[edit]

MG Don Carlos Buell[19]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Second Division
     BG Alexander M. McCook[20]

4th Brigade


   BG Lovell H. Rousseau

5th Brigade


   Col Frederick S. Stumbaugh

6th Brigade


   BG Richard W. Johnson

Artillery


   Cpt William R. Terrill

Fourth Division
     MG William "Bull" Nelson[21]

10th Brigade


   Col Jacob Ammen

19th Brigade


   Col William B. Hazen

22nd Brigade


   Col Thomas D. Sedgewick[22] until 30 May
   BG Mahlon D. Manson

Artillery
Cavalry


   Ltc Edward M. McCook

Fifth Division
     BG Thomas L. Crittenden[24][25]

11th Brigade


   BG Jeremiah T. Boyle until 27 May
   Col Samuel Beatty[26]

14th Brigade


   BG Horatio P. Van Cleve

Cavalry


  

Artillery

Sixth Division
     BG Thomas J. Wood[28]

15th Brigade


   BG Milo Hascall

20th Brigade


   BG James A. Garfield

21st Brigade


   Col George D. Wagner

Left Wing (Army of the Mississippi)[edit]

MG John Pope[29][30]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Cavalry Division
     BG Gordon Granger[31]

1st Brigade


   Col William P. Kellogg until 1 June[32]
   Col John K. Mizner

2nd Brigade


   Col Washington Lafayette Elliott until 1 June
   Col Philip H. Sheridan

Artillery
  • Powell's Battery

Reporting Directly

Reserve Brigade[33]


   Col William P. Carlin

Artillery Brigade


   Ltc Warren L. Lothrop

Unattached Units

Right Wing[edit]

MG William S. Rosecrans[34] assigned 29 May

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Eleazar Paine[35]

1st Brigade


   BG John M. Palmer

2nd Brigade


   Col James D. Morgan until 1 May
   BG Daniel Tyler[36]

Artillery

Second Division
     BG David S. Stanley

1st Brigade


   Col John Groesbeck until 8 July[37]
   Col Joseph L. Kirby Smith

2nd Brigade


   BG Joseph B. Plummer until 29 May
   Col Robert C. Murphy[38]

Artillery

Left Wing[edit]

BG Schuyler Hamilton[39] assigned 29 May

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Third Division
     BG Schuyler Hamilton until 29 May
     BG Joseph B. Plummer

1st Brigade


   BG Napoleon B. Buford

2nd Brigade


   Col Nicholas Perczel

Artillery

Fourth Division
     BG Jefferson C. Davis[40]

1st Brigade


   BG Robert B. Mitchell

Asboth's Brigade[41]


   BG Alexander Asboth

Fifth Division[42] created 1 June
     BG Alexander Asboth

1st Brigade


   Col Nicholas Greusel

  • 36th Illinois: Col Nicholas Greusel
  • 44th Illinois: Col Charles Knobelsdorff
2nd Brigade


   Ltc Bernard Laiboldt

  • 2nd Missouri: Maj Francis Ehrler
  • 15th Missouri: Maj Joseph Conrad

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abstract from returns of the Armies of the Mississippi and of the Tennessee and of the District of the Ohio for May 31 and June 1, 1862
  2. ^ Multiple commander names indicate command succession of command during the battle or the campaign.
  3. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume X, Part 2, pages 147-154 (April 30, 1862) and pages 185-188 (May 13, 1862)
  4. ^ Special Field Orders No. 35
  5. ^ Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant, Chapter XXVI Grant was named Second in Command of the whole army group and was also specifically in command of the Right Wing and Reserves. Halleck moved his headquarters with the Right Wing during the operation.
  6. ^ Grant retained general command of the Dist. of West Tennessee which included all the divisions of Army of the Tennessee now divided between the Right Wing directly under George H. Thomas and Reserves directly under John A. McClernand. Special Field Orders No. 35
  7. ^ Organization of the Army of the Tennessee April 30, 1862
  8. ^ Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant, Chapter XXVI
  9. ^ Organization of the Right Wing, Left Wing and Reserve, in front of Corinth MS, May 13, 1862
  10. ^ The First Division, Army of the Ohio was also known as the 7th Division, Army of the Tennessee Organization of the Right Wing, Left Wing and Reserves, 13 May 1862
  11. ^ The "Union Brigade" was a regiment-sized command, led by John P. Coulter of the 12th Iowa, composed of members of the 8th, 12th and 14th Iowa and 58th Illinois regiments who escaped capture in the Hornet's Nest at Shiloh.
  12. ^ Owing to the reduced regimental strength, the 5th Division was reorganized into three brigades instead of four on 15 May 1862. Orders No. 25
  13. ^ Denver's Official Report
  14. ^ McClernand's Official Report
  15. ^ Organization of the Right Wing, Left Wing and Reserve, in front of Corinth, MS, May 13, 1862
  16. ^ Logan's Official Report
  17. ^ page 479
  18. ^ transferred from 3rd Brigade May 1862
  19. ^ Organization of the Army of the Ohio, April 30, 1862; Organization of the Army of the Ohio, June 10, 1862
  20. ^ McCook's Official Records
  21. ^ Nelson's Official Report
  22. ^ Sedgewick's Official Report
  23. ^ Official Records
  24. ^ Crittenden's Official Report
  25. ^ Crittenden's Division was originally assigned to the Reserves but was reattached to Buell's command before it could be transferred
  26. ^ Beatty's Official Report
  27. ^ Eicher p.315
  28. ^ Wood's Official Report
  29. ^ Organization of the Right Wing, Left Wing and Reserve, in front of Corinth, MS, May 13, 1862
  30. ^ Organization of the Army of the Mississippi April 30, 1862
  31. ^ Granger's Official Report
  32. ^ page 479
  33. ^ Carlin's Reserve Brigade was reassigned as the 2nd Brigade in Jefferson C. Davis' 4th Division on 1 June (Eicher p.163)
  34. ^ General Orders, HQ Army of the Mississippi
  35. ^ James D. Morgan's Official Report of the First Division
  36. ^ Dyer p. 477
  37. ^ Dyer p. 477
  38. ^ Dyer p. 477
  39. ^ General Orders, HQ Army of the Mississippi
  40. ^ Davis' Official Report
  41. ^ Joined 25 May; reorganized as 5th Division on 1 June at which time Carlin's Reserve Brigade became the 2nd Brigade, 4th Division.
  42. ^ A compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Volume 1 p. 478

Sources[edit]

  • U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901.
  • Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Dyer, Frederick H. A compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Volume 1, Des Moines IA: The Dyer Publishing Co.. 1908