Corio, Victoria

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Corio is located in City of Greater Geelong
Coordinates38°04′26″S 144°21′32″E / 38.074°S 144.359°E / -38.074; 144.359Coordinates: 38°04′26″S 144°21′32″E / 38.074°S 144.359°E / -38.074; 144.359
Population15,296 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density1,214/km2 (3,144/sq mi)
Area12.6 km2 (4.9 sq mi)
Location8 km (5 mi) from Geelong
LGA(s)City of Greater Geelong
State electorate(s)Lara
Federal division(s)Corio
Suburbs around Corio:
Lovely Banks Lara Avalon
Lovely Banks Corio Avalon
Lovely Banks Norlane and North Shore Corio Bay

Corio /kəˈr/ is a residential and industrial area, which forms one of the largest suburbs of Geelong, Victoria in Australia. It is located approximately 9 km north of the Geelong central business district. The area was formerly known as Cowie's Creek after James Cowie, an early land owner who was active in the local and state government.[2]


Explorers Hume and Hovell reached Corio and reported that the local Aboriginals referred to the area as 'coraiyo', meaning either 'small marsupial' or 'sandy cliffs'.

Land in the area was first subdivided and sold in 1852 as "Cowie's Creek", named after an early local businessman, James Cowie.[3] By the 1860s, Cowie's Creek was home to two hotels and a population of approximately 500 people.

A post office opened on 16 November 1864, and was renamed as Corio Post Office in 1913. It was situated on School Road, adjacent to the railway level crossing. In 1963, it was renamed Corio North Post Office, after the current Corio Post Office opened at the Corio Shopping Centre. The post office is located on the ground floor of the centre, having moved from its original first-floor location. Corio North Post Office was closed in 1977.[4]

In 1914, the Geelong Grammar School moved from Geelong to its current location near Limeburners Lagoon, an arm of Corio Bay.

The Corio Village Shopping Centre complex was opened in 1973. It currently includes a K-Mart, Coles, Woolworths, Best & Less, McDonald's, Subway, Gloria Jean's Coffees, Optus, Telstra, Dodo Connect outlets, Cotton On, Millers, a Tattslotto agency, major banks, and a number of Australian Government agencies, which include Australia Post and a Centrelink office. Since a re-development in 2007/08, it has been known as the Corio Shopping Centre.

The Aldi supermarket chain built a store adjacent to Beckley Park in the mid-2000s. At the same time, a new retail development, including Harvey Norman, Muzz Buzz and Red Rooster, opened nearby, on the Princes Highway.


The refinery

The most notable industry in Corio is the Geelong Oil Refinery, which opened in 1956 by Shell Australia. In February 2014 the refinery was sold to the Swiss-based oil company Vitol,[5] which has branded its Australian operations as Viva Energy and floated it on the ASX, retaining a minority stake.


Cars are the predominant mode of transport in the Corio region.[citation needed] CDC Geelong provides bus transport between areas of Corio and the Geelong Central Business District, under contract from Public Transport Victoria. Taxis and ridesharing options are also available. Corio railway station is served by V/Line trains to Geelong and Melbourne. With the opening of the Geelong Bypass in 2009, Corio is now bypassed by through-traffic on the Princes Freeway.


Geelong SC was formed in 1958 and currently play in the National Premier Leagues Victoria 2. Their home ground is located at Stead Park.

The suburb has an Australian rules football team, founded in 1974, competing in the Geelong & District Football League. Also, linked with the Corio Sporting Club is a cricket club, a little league founded in 1977, and the netball club.[6]

The Corio Athletic Club, founded in 1969, competes at Landy Field in South Geelong and the Corio Little Athletics Club, founded in 1967, competes at the Corio Athletics Stadium in Goldsworthy Road, which was opened in 1972 by Ron Clarke.


According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 15,296 people in Corio.

  • 49.2% of these people were male and 50.8% were female.
  • The median age of these people was 35.
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.0% of the population.
  • 68.3% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 3.1%, Afghanistan 1.9%, Myanmar 1.8%, Thailand 1.5% and Philippines 1.2%.
  • 74.6% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Karen 3.1%, Hazaraghi 1.3%, Dari 1.1%, Croatian 1.0% and Vietnamese 0.9%.
  • The most common responses for religion were No Religion 34.4%, Catholic 21.6% and Anglican 10.6%.[1]

Corio is a "working class" suburb, adjacent to and incorporating industrial estates - with 22.4% of its employed residents of age 15 years and over nominating 'Labourer' as their chosen occupation (compared to 9.5% in the whole of Australia). Numbers occupied as Technicians and Trades Workers, Machinery Operators, and Drivers are also higher than the national average.[1] According to the 2006 census, the largest employer type was "Motor Vehicle" and "Motor Vehicle Part Manufacturing". As such, the 2016 closure of the Ford plant, a long-term employer, will reduce employment opportunities in the future.[7] In the 2016 Census 3.5% of employed people worked in Supermarket and Grocery Stores. Other major industries of employment included Takeaway Food Services 3.3%, Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals) 3.3%, Road Freight Transport 3.0% and Aged Care Residential Services 2.9%.[1] In 2013, 2.3% of mortgages in Corio had become delinquent, up from 1.5% in September 2012, and is amongst the highest numbers of all suburbs in Victoria. Reports have attributed this rate to job cuts at Alcoa, Ford, and Target that year.[8] Historically speaking, Ford Motor Company[9] had its plant in full production by August 1926, producing 36,000 T-models over the next two years of work. During World War II, Ford manufactured military vehicles and all manner of craft & weaponry. It then concentrated its post-war goals on engine manufacturing for the Ford Falcon model (produced at Broadmeadows).

According to the 2016 Census, 5,855 residents age 15 years and over were in the labour force: Of these 49.7% were employed full time, 31.7% were employed part-time and 12.5% were unemployed.[1]

The Corio median price for housing, given in The Age Domain Property review of September 2012,[10] was $223,000; among the most affordable in the state - more costly than neighbouring Norlane at $205,000, but lower than Melton South at $240,000.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Corio (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 November 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ City of Greater Geelong - Ward Boundaries 2004
  3. ^ Wynd, Ian. "Cowie, James (1809–1892)". Australian Dictioary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  4. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
  5. ^ Hawthorne, Mark; Lucas, Clay (21 February 2014). "Geelong Shell refinery saved by new owner Vitol". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  6. ^ Full Points Footy, Corio, archived from the original on 11 April 2011, retrieved 25 July 2008
  7. ^ "Around 510 employees in Geelong will lose their jobs in 2016 when Ford ditches its hulking manufacturing base in the city, where it has had a presence since 1925". Oliver Milman "Geelong after Ford: a temporary identity crisis or terminal decline? Reeling from successive blows to its blue-collar heritage Victoria's second city faces an uncertain future" in 'The Guardian', Monday 24 June 2013
  8. ^ "A Geelong-based financial counsellor with Diversitat, Rene Ploegmakers, said job cuts at Alcoa, Ford and Target in the past 12 months were putting many borrowers in the region at risk. He said retrenched workers who managed to land new jobs were often put on casual contracts with lower pay. ''They obviously then struggle to meet whatever financial commitments they had,'' he said." [from Nick Toscano. "Low rates fail to stem home repossessions" The Age October 7, 2013]
  9. ^ City of Greater Geelong and Department of Planning and Community Development (2011) CORIO NORLANE STRUCTURE PLAN BACKGROUND REPORT "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

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