Clown coris

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Clown coris
Coris aygula Prague 2011 3.jpg
Juvenile
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Labridae
Genus: Coris
Species: C. aygula
Binomial name
Coris aygula
Lacépède, 1801
Synonyms

Several, see text

The clown coris (Coris aygula) is a species of wrasse native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean.

Description[edit]

This species can reach a total length of 120 cm (47 in). A marked difference in appearance is noted between juveniles and adults; juveniles are white and orange with false eyes on the dorsal fin, while adults are uniformly dark green or with light banding and developing a prominent forehead.[2]

Habitat[edit]

C. aygula is an inhabitant of coral reefs where they prefer areas of sand or rubble at depths from 2 to 30 m (6.6 to 98.4 ft). They are generally solitary as adults, while juveniles can often be found in tide pools.[2]

Distribution[edit]

This species can be found from the Red Sea and the African coast eastward to the Line Islands and Ducie Island and from southern Japan to Lord Howe Island.[2]

Synonyms[edit]

These specific names have been determined to be junior synonyms of C. aygula:[2]

  • Coris angulata Lacépède, 1801
  • Labrus cingulum Lacépède, 1801
  • Hemicoris cingulum (Lacépède, 1801)
  • Julis cingulum (Lacépède, 1801)
  • Labrus aureomaculatus J. W. Bennett, 1830
  • Julis ruppelii E. T. Bennett, 1831
  • Julis gibbifrons Quoy & Gaimard, 1834
  • Julis semipunctatus Rüppell, 1835
  • Julis coris Valenciennes, 1839
  • Coris cyanea J. W. Macleay, 1883
  • Coris variegata E. P. Ramsay & J. D. Ogilby, 1887
  • Coris imbris S. Tanaka (I), 1918

References[edit]

  1. ^ Choat, J.H. & Pollard, D. 2010. Coris aygula. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.>. Downloaded on 05 November 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Coris aygula" in FishBase. August 2013 version.