Corkickle railway station

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Corkickle National Rail
Corkickle railway station platform in 2009.jpg
Location
Place Whitehaven
Local authority Copeland
Grid reference NX977174
Operations
Station code CKL
Managed by Northern
Number of platforms 1
DfT category F2
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2012/13 Increase 30,066
2013/14 Increase 31,312
2014/15 Increase 40,522
2015/16 Increase 43,580
2016/17 Increase 45,852
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Corkickle from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Corkickle railway station serves the Whitehaven suburb of Corkickle in Cumbria, England. The railway station is a request stop on the scenic Cumbrian Coast Line 42 miles (68 km) south west of Carlisle. The station opened in 1855[1] and is at the southern end of the 3,999-foot (1,219 m) tunnel from Whitehaven railway station. At times it was known as 'Whitehaven Corkickle' station.[1][2]

It is operated by Northern who provide all passenger train services.

Facilities[edit]

The single platform station has kept its main building, but this is now in private residential use. Shelters, a public telephone and a digital information board are sited near the main entrance, which has step-free access from the approach road.[3] Train running information can also be obtained from timetable posters on the platform.

Passenger service[edit]

Monday to Saturdays there is hourly service northbound to Carlisle and southbound to Barrow-in-Furness. There are no trains after 21:00 on Mondays-Saturdays,[4] but since the May 2018 timetable change a Sunday service now operates (for the first time since 1976) from mid-morning until early evening.

Freight[edit]

The area immediately south of the station was for many years a busy freight location, handling haematite ore traffic from Moor Row mine as well as the aforementioned chemical tankers up & down the incline at the nearby Preston Street goods depot (the one time W&FJR passenger terminus) and associated yard.[5] Two signal boxes (Corkickle No. 1 & No. 2)[6][7] supervised the sidings, as well as controlling access to and from the incline and the Moor Row branch (the surviving portion of the former Whitehaven, Cleator and Egremont Railway line to Egremont & Sellafield). Although sufficiently busy to require its own resident shunting locomotive well into the 1970s, the gradual loss of traffic from the early 1980s onwards saw facilities run down and following the demise of Preston Street depot, the yard eventually closed (along with both signal boxes, which had been replaced by standard LMR-designed structures in 1958-59)[8] on 15/16 February 1997.[9] Today no trace remains of the sidings or either signal box, only the one surviving running line southwards towards St Bees & Sellafield.

The Corkickle Brake[edit]

Corkickle Brake, showing the winding house on the skyline

In 1881 the Corkickle Brake, a roped incline 525 yards (480 m) in length and with gradients of between 1 in 5.2 and 1 in 6.6 was built from the Furness Railway main line, a short distance to the south of Corkickle station, to the Earl of Lonsdale's Croft Pit.[10]

The 'brake' closed in 1931 due to the worsening financial situation of the colliery's owners, Lonsdale's Whitehaven Colliery Co.[10] In May 1955, the incline was re-opened, this time to serve the factory of Marchon Products - a subsidiary of Albright and Wilson - at Kells. It was used mainly to haul rail tanker wagons containing sulphuric acid from the main line - by now in the ownership of British Railways - to the Marchon factory. The Corkickle Brake closed for good on 31 October 1986 when it was the last commercial roped incline in Britain.[11] The task of transporting acid and other chemicals was taken over by road tankers.[12]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Quick 2009, p. 410.
  2. ^ British Railways (1957/8)
  3. ^ Corkickle station facilities National Rail Enquiries; Retrieved 2 December 2016
  4. ^ GB Rail Timetable (May 2018), Table 100
  5. ^ Class 25s - Around BarrowDerby Sulzers, Retrieved 2013-10-03
  6. ^ D. Allen and C.J. Woolstenholmes, A Pictorial Survey of London Midland Signalling, OPC, 1996, p. 123. ISBN 0-86093-523-X
  7. ^ British Railways Layout Plans of the 1950s, Vol.6 West Coast Main Line (Euxton Junction to Mossband) and branches.Signalling Record Society 1993, p.44. ISBN 1-873228-05-8.
  8. ^ Quayle (2006), p.85.
  9. ^ Quayle (2006), p.93.
  10. ^ a b Quayle (2006), p.60
  11. ^ Colin E Mountford "Rope haulage - the forgotten element of railway history" in Early Railways - proc of the First International Railway Conference.Pub Newcomen Society 1998
  12. ^ Quayle (2006), p.61-65

References[edit]

  • British Railways London Midland Region Passenger Timetable, 16 September 1957 to 8 June 1958.
  • GB Rail Timetable Winter Edition 13 December 2009 - 22 May 2010.
  • Hyde, M. and Pevsner, N The Buildings of England: Cumbria. Yale University Press 2010. ISBN 978-0-300-12663-1
  • Joy, D. Cumbrian Coast Railways. Dalesman Publishing 1968.
  • Joy, D. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain, Volume 14: The Lake Counties. David and Charles 1983. ISBN 0-946537-02-X
  • Mountford, C.E. Rope and Chain Haulage - The Forgotten Element of Railway History. Industrial Railway Society, 2013. ISBN 9781901556841
  • Quayle, H. Whitehaven - The Railways and Waggonways of a Unique Cumberland Port. Cumbrian Railways Association 2006. ISBN 978-0-9540232-5-6
  • Quick, Michael (2009) [2001]. Railway passenger stations in Great Britain: a chronology (4th ed.). Oxford: Railway and Canal Historical Society. ISBN 978-0-901461-57-5. OCLC 612226077. 
  • Routledge, A.W. Marchon - The Whtehaven Chemical Works. Tempus, 2005. ISBN 0752435728

External links[edit]

Preceding station   National Rail National Rail   Following station
Northern
Cumbrian Coast Line
Mondays-Saturdays only

Coordinates: 54°32′31″N 3°34′55″W / 54.542°N 3.582°W / 54.542; -3.582