Cornelius O'Brien (County Clare)

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Cornelius O'Brien (1782–1857) was an Irish politician, Member of Parliament and landowner in County Clare.[1]

He was the son of Henry O'Brien from Ennis and his wife Helen (née O'Callaghan). Born at the O'Brien residence at Birchfield House in Beaghy townland of Kilmacrehy parish, now demolished and replaced by a farm house. It was a house designed in the exotic "Moorish" or "Foreign Legion" style.[2][3]:71

Cornelius O'Brien was married in 1816 to Margaret, the daughter of Peter Long of Waterford. She was the widow of James O'Brien of Limerick. Cornelius was a solicitor (from 1811) and later also magistrate for Clare.[2]

Cornelius (or Corney) became MP for Clare in 1832. He was a Liberal in favour of Repeal of the Union and was reelected (with a break from 1847 to 1852) until his death in 1857.[2][3]:71

His other residences besides Birchfield were at 4 North Street, Westminster, London and 20 Summerhill, Dublin.[2]

He built a tower, now referred to as O'Brien's Tower on the Cliffs of Moher in 1835 as an observation tower for the hundreds of tourists that frequented the cliffs during the time.[3]:78

O'Brien's Tower is just visible in this panoramic view of the Cliffs of Moher.

Folklore holds that Cornelius O'Brien was a man ahead of his time, believing that the development of tourism would benefit the local economy and bring people out of poverty. O'Brien also built St. Brigid's National School (1846) and a wall of Moher flagstones along the Cliffs. It is said in the locality that he "built everything around here except the Cliffs". He died in 1857 and his remains lie in the O'Brien vault in the graveyard adjoining Liscannor's St Brigid’s Well.[3]:69,71,74,77

O'Brien Monument
The O'Brien vault

The O'Brien Monument, a Doric column topped by an urn, was built during his lifetime, paid for by compulsory subscriptions of his tenants.[3]:74

References[edit]

  1. ^ "House of Commons constituencies: C (part 4)". Leigh Rayment's Peerage pages. Retrieved 2008-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d Comber, Henry. "Cornelius O'Brien of Birchfield (1782 - 1857)". Clare County Library. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Cunningham, George (1980). Burren Journey West. Shannonside Mid Western Regional Tourism Organisation. ISBN 0-9503080-2-1. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Maurice O'Connell
William Nugent Macnamara
Member of Parliament for Clare
1832–1847
With: William Nugent Macnamara
Succeeded by
Sir Lucius O'Brien, Bt
William Nugent Macnamara
Preceded by
Sir Lucius O'Brien
William Nugent Macnamara
Member of Parliament for Clare
18521857
With: Sir John Forster FitzGerald
Succeeded by
Lord Francis Conyngham
Francis Macnamara Calcutt